Glossary - E
Echelon - a subdivision of a unit, not to be
confused with sub-units. Canadian Army units in the 20th Century were
usually divided into several echelons for administrative purposes. As an
example, an Infantry Battalion in the Second World War was divided as
"fighting") Echelon consisted of the rifle companies and support companies,
and were located in the front line. As well, fighting transport and
supplies, along with battalion headquarters, were considered part of "F"
"A" Echelon was
located three to five miles behind "F" echelon and held quartermaster
stores, repair equipment, spare transport and supplies, the rear battalion
HQ (where records were kept; the paymaster was also located here). "A"
echelon was under brigade control.
under divisional control, held the Headquarters Company headquarters, dental
staff, personnel Left Out of Battle, and was where kit was stored.
Environment - in the mid-1980s, when a return
to distinctive uniforms for the three services was instituted, the new
services were then referred to as environments. They were designated:
Distinctive Environment Uniform (DEU) replaced the former CF Uniform as
the dress uniform of the Canadian Forces. The new environments were also
colloquially referred to as "Navy", "Army" and "Air Force" and those
designations began to appear slowly in some publications and references.