History

Wars & Campaigns

Boer War
First World War

►►Western Front

►►►Trench Warfare: 1914-1916

►►Allied Offensive: 1916

►►►Allied Offensives: 1917

►►►German Offensive: 1918

►►►Advance to Victory: 1918

►►Siberia
Second World War
►►War Against Japan

►►Italian Campaign

►►►Sicily

►►►Southern Italy

►►►The Sangro and Moro

►►►Battles of the FSSF

►►►Cassino

►►►Liri Valley

►►►Advance to Florence

►►►Gothic Line

►►►Winter Lines
►►North-West Europe

►►►Normandy
►►►Southern France
►►►Channel Ports

►►►Scheldt
►►►Nijmegen Salient

►►►Rhineland

►►►Final Phase
Korean War
Cold War
Gulf War

Operations 

GAUNTLET Aug 1941

(Spitsbergen)

HUSKY Jul 1943

 (Sicily)

COTTAGE Aug 1943

 (Kiska)

TIMBERWOLF Oct 1943

(Italy)

OVERLORD Jun 1944

(Normandy)

MARKET-GARDEN Sep 44

(Arnhem)

BERLIN Nov 1944

(Nijmegen)

VERITABLE Feb 1945

(Rhineland)

Battle Honours

Boer War

►Paardeberg

18 Feb 00

First World War
Western Front
Trench Warfare: 1914-1916

Ypres, 1915

22 Apr-25 May 15

Gravenstafel

22-23 Apr 15

St. Julien

24 Apr-4 May 15

Frezenberg

8-13 May 15

Bellewaarde

24-25 May 15

Festubert, 1915

15-25 May 15

Mount Sorrel

2-13 Jun 16

Allied Offensive: 1916

►Somme, 1916

1 Jul-18 Nov 16

►Albert

.1-13 Jul 16

►Bazentin

.14-17 Jul 16

►Pozieres

.23 Jul-3 Sep 16

►Guillemont

.3-6 Sep 16

►Ginchy

.9 Sep 16

Flers-Courcelette

15-22 Sep 16

Thiepval

26-29 Sep 16

►Le Transloy

. 1-18 Oct 16

Ancre Heights

1 Oct-11 Nov 16

Ancre, 1916

13-18 Nov 16

Allied Offensives: 1917

►Arras 1917

8 Apr-4 May 17

Vimy, 1917

.9-14 Apr 17

Arleux

28-29 Apr 17

►Scarpe, 1917

.3-4 May17

►Hill 70

.15-25 Aug 17

►Messines, 1917

.7-14 Jun 17

►Ypres, 1917

..31 Jul-10 Nov 17

►Pilckem

31 Jul-2 Aug 17

►Langemarck, 1917

.16-18 Aug 17

►Menin Road

.20-25 Sep 17

►Polygon Wood

26 Sep-3 Oct 17

►Broodseinde

.4 Oct 17

►Poelcapelle

.9 Oct 17

►Passchendaele

.12 Oct 17

►Cambrai, 1917

20 Nov-3 Dec 17

German Offensive: 1918

►Somme, 1918

.21 Mar-5 Apr 18

►St. Quentin

.21-23 Mar 18

►Bapaume, 1918

.24-25 Mar 18

►Rosieres

.26-27 Mar 18

►Avre

.4 Apr 18

►Lys

.9-29 Apr 18

►Estaires

.9-11 Apr 18

►Messines, 1918

.10-11 Apr 18

►Bailleul

.13-15 Apr 18

►Kemmel

.17-19 Apr 18

Advance to Victory: 1918

Amiens

8-11 Aug 18

►Arras, 1918

.26 Aug-3 Sep 18

►Scarpe, 1918

26-30 Aug 18.

►Drocourt-Queant

.2-3 Sep 18

►Hindenburg Line

.12 Sep-9 Oct 18

►Canal du Nord

.27 Sep-2 Oct 18

►St. Quentin Canal .29 Sep-2 Oct 18
►Epehy

3-5 Oct 18

►Cambrai, 1918

.8-9 Oct 18

►Valenciennes

.1-2 Nov 18

►Sambre

.4 Nov 18

►Pursuit to Mons .28 Sep-11Nov

Second World War

War Against Japan

South-East Asia

Hong Kong

 8-25 Dec 41

Italian Campaign

Battle of Sicily

Landing in Sicily 

   9-12 Jul 43

Grammichele 

15 Jul 43

Piazza Armerina

16-17 Jul 43

Valguarnera

17-19 Jul 43

Assoro 

  20-22 Jul 43

Leonforte

 21-22 Jul 43

Agira

24-28 Jul 43

Adrano 

29 Jul-7 Aug 43

Catenanuova

29-30 Jul 43

Regalbuto

29 Jul-3 Aug 43

Centuripe

  31 Jul-3 Aug 43

Troina Valley

 2-6 Aug 43

Pursuit to Messina

 2-17 Aug 43

 Southern Italy

Landing at Reggio

 3 Sep 43

Potenza 19-20 Sep 43
Motta Montecorvino 1-3 Oct 43
Termoli 3-6 Oct 43
Monte San Marco 6-7 Oct 43
Gambatesa 7-8 Oct 43
Campobasso 11-14 Oct 43
Baranello 17-18 Oct 43
Colle d'Anchise 22-24 Oct 43
Torella 24-27 Oct 43

The Sangro and Moro

The Sangro

19 Nov-3 Dec 43

Castel di Sangro

.23-24 Nov 43

The Moro

5-7 Dec 43

San Leonardo

8-9 Dec 43

The Gully

..10-19 Dec 43

Casa Berardi

 ..14-15 Dec 43

Ortona

20-28 Dec 43

San Nicola-San

.31 Dec 43

Tommaso

.
Point 59/ 29 Dec 43-

Torre Mucchia

4 Jan 44

Battles of the FSSF
Monte Camino

.5 Nov-9 Dec 43

Monte la Difensa-

2-8 Dec 43

 Monte la Remetanea

.
Hill 720

25 Dec 43

Monte Majo

3-8 Jan 44.

Radicosa

4 Jan 44

Monte Vischiataro

8 Jan 44

Anzio

22 Jan-22 May 44

Rome

.22 May-4 Jun 44

Advance

.22 May-22 Jun 44

to the Tiber

.
►Monte Arrestino

25 May 44

►Rocca Massima

27 May 44

►Colle Ferro

2 Jun 44

Cassino
►Cassino II

11-18 May 44

►Gustav Line

11-18 May 44

►Sant' Angelo in

13 May 44

Teodice

.
►Pignataro

14-15 May 44

Liri Valley
Liri Valley

18-30 May 44

►Hitler Line

18-24 May 44

►Aquino

18-24 May 44

►Melfa Crossing

24-25 May 44

►Ceprano

26-27 May 44

►Torrice Crossroads

30 May 44

Advance to Florence
Advance

17 Jul-10 Aug 44

to Florence

.
Trasimene Line

20-30 Jun 44

Sanfatucchio

20-21 Jun 44

Arezzo

4-17 Jul 44

Cerrone

25 - 31 Aug 44

Gothic Line
►Gothic Line

25 Aug-22 Sep 44

►Monteciccardo

27-28 Aug 44

►Montecchio

30-31 Aug 44

►Point 204 (Pozzo Alto)

31 Aug 44

►Monte Luro

1 Sep 44

►Borgo Santa Maria

1 Sep 44

►Tomba di Pesaro

1-2 Sep 44

►Coriano

3-15 Sep 44

►Lamone Crossing

2-13 Sep 44

Winter Lines
►Rimini Line

14-21 Sep 44

►San Martino-

14-18 Sep 44

San Lorenzo

.
►San Fortunato

18-20 Sep 44

►Casale

23-25 Sep 44

►Sant' Angelo

11-15 Sep 44

 in Salute

.
►Bulgaria Village

13-14 Sep 44

►Cesena

15-20 Sep 44

►Pisciatello

16-19 Sep 44

►Savio Bridgehead

20-23 Sep 44

►Monte La Pieve

13-19 Oct 44

►Monte Spaduro

19-24 Oct 44

►Monte San Bartolo

11-14 Nov 44

►Capture of Ravenna

3-4 Dec 44

►Naviglio Canal

12-15 Dec 44

►Fosso Vecchio

16-18 Dec 44

►Fosso Munio

19-21 Dec 44

►Conventello-

2-6 Jan 45

Comacchio

.
►Granarolo

3-5 Jan 44

Northwest Europe
Dieppe

19 Aug 42

Battle of Normandy
Normandy Landing

6 Jun 44

Authie

7 Jun 44

Putot-en-Bessin

8 Jun 44

Bretteville

8-9 Jun 44

       -l'Orgueilleuse .
Le Mesnil-Patry

11 Jun 44

Carpiquet

4-5 Jul 44

Caen

4-18 Jul 44

The Orne (Buron)

8-9 Jul 44

Bourguébus Ridge

18-23 Jul 44

Faubourg-de-

18-19 Jul 44

       Vaucelles .
St. André-sur-Orne

19-23 Jul 44

Maltôt

22-23 Jul 44

Verrières Ridge-Tilly--

25 Jul 44

         la-Campagne .
Falaise

7-22 Aug 44

►Falaise Road

7-9 Aug 44

►Quesnay Road

10-11 Aug 44

Clair Tizon

11-13 Aug 44

►The Laison

14-17 Aug 44

►Chambois

18-22 Aug 44

►St. Lambert-sur-

19-22 Aug 44

       Dives

.

Dives Crossing

17-20 Aug 44

Forêt de la Londe

27-29 Aug 44

The Seine, 1944

25-28 Aug 44

Southern France
Southern France

15-28 Aug 44

Channel Ports
Dunkirk, 1944

8-15 Sep 44

Le Havre

1-12 Sep 44

Moerbrugge

8-10 Sep 44

Moerkerke

13-14 Sep 44

Boulogne, 1944

17-22 Sep 44

Calais, 1944

25 Sep-1 Oct 44

Wyneghem

21-22 Sep 44

Antwerp-Turnhout

   24-29 Sep 44

Canal

.

The Scheldt

The Scheldt

1 Oct-8 Nov 44

Leopold Canal

6-16 Oct-44

►Woensdrecht

1-27 Oct 44

Savojaards Platt

9-10 Oct 44

Breskens Pocket

11 Oct -3 Nov 44

►The Lower Maas

20 Oct -7 Nov 44

►South Beveland

 24-31 Oct 44

Walcheren

31 Oct -4 Nov 44

Causeway

.

Nijmegen Salient
Ardennes

Dec 44-Jan 45

Kapelsche Veer

31 Dec 44-

.

21Jan 45

The Roer

16-31 Jan 45

Rhineland
The Rhineland

8 Feb-10 Mar 45

►The Reichswald

8-13 Feb 45

►Waal Flats

8-15 Feb 45

►Moyland Wood

14-21 Feb 45

►Goch-Calcar Road

19-21 Feb 45

►The Hochwald

26 Feb-

.

4 Mar 45

►Veen

6-10 Mar 45

►Xanten

8-9 Mar 45

Final Phase
The Rhine

23 Mar-1 Apr 45

►Emmerich-Hoch

28 Mar-1 Apr 45

Elten

.
►Twente Canal

2-4 Apr 45

Zutphen

6-8 Apr 45

Deventer

8-11 Apr 45

Arnhem, 1945

12-14 Apr 45

Apeldoorn

11-17 Apr 45

Groningen

13-16 Apr 45

Friesoythe

14 Apr 45

►Ijselmeer

15-18 Apr 45

Küsten Canal

17-24 Apr 45

Wagenborgen

21-23 Apr 45

Delfzijl Pocket

23 Apr-2 May 45

Leer

28-29 Apr 45

Bad Zwischenahn

23 Apr-4 May 45

Oldenburg

27 Apr-5 May 45

Korean War
Kapyong

21-25 Apr 51

Domestic Missions

FLQ Crisis

International Missions

ICCS            Vietnam 1973

MFO                 Sinai 1986-

Peacekeeping

UNMOGIP

India 1948-1979

UNTSO

 Israel 1948-    ....

UNEF

Egypt 1956-1967

UNOGIL

Lebanon 1958    ....

ONUC

 Congo 1960-1964

UNYOM

Yemen 1963-1964

UNTEA

W. N. Guinea 1963-1964

UNIFCYP

 Cyprus 1964-    ....

DOMREP

D. Republic 1965-1966

UNIPOM

Kashmir 1965-1966

UNEFME

Egypt 1973-1979

UNDOF

Golan 1974-    ....

UNIFIL

 Lebanon 1978    ....

UNGOMAP

Afghanistan 1988-90

UNIIMOG

Iran-Iraq 1988-1991

UNTAG

Namibia 1989-1990

ONUCA

C. America 1989-1992

UNIKOM

Kuwait 1991    ....

MINURSO

W. Sahara 1991    ....

ONUSAL

El Salvador 1991    ....

UNAMIC

Cambodia 1991-1992

UNAVEM II

Angola 1991-1997

UNPROFOR

Yugosla. 1992-1995

UNTAC

Cambodia 1992-1993

UNOSOM

Somalia 1992-1993

ONUMOZ

Mozambiq. 1993-1994

UNOMUR

 Rwanda 1993    ....

UNAMIR

Rwanda 1993-1996

UNMIH

Haiti 1993-1996

UNMIBH

Bosnia/Herz.1993-1996

UNMOP

Prevlaka 1996-2001

UNSMIH

Haiti 1996-1997

MINUGUA

Guatemala 1994-1997

UNTMIH

Haiti 1997    ....

MIPONUH

 Haiti 1997    ....

MINURCA

C.Afr.Rep. 1998-1999

INTERFET

E. Timor 1999-2000

UNAMSIL

Sie. Leone 1999-2005

UNTAET

E. Timor 1999-2000

Exercises

Baranello
 
 

Baranello was a Battle Honour granted for participation in the fighting to capture this town in Southern Italy during the Italian Campaign of the Second World War.

Background

The British 8th Army, landing in the deep southern reaches of Italy in September 1943, linked up with the American 5th Army beachhead at Salerno to north as the 1st Canadian Division reached Potenza after a rapid 250 mile drive. Despite the success of this rapid advance in September, the 8th Army's ability to maintain communications and supplies was stretched and an administrative pause was necessary. As they regrouped at the end of September, the 8th Army's commander, General Montgomery, planned to move the 1st Canadian Infantry Division towards Vinchiaturo and Campobasso, where the Germans, staging a fighting withdrawal, were once again in mountainous terrain well suited to the defence. While the 1st and 3rd Brigades were to make the main thrust down Highway 17, the 2nd Brigade was tasked to protect the division's left flank by moving through "bleak country" to the south.

The beginning of the division's operations saw the first major actions on the Italian continent, at Motta Montecorvino, as the division came into action against German troops with orders to delay the advancing Canadians. The Seaforths had fought a frustrating battle at Monte San Marco on 6-7 October, fighting through rain and fog, eventually securing the heights. Now clad in their winter battle dress, the Seaforths prepared to continue moving north west.1

 



Baranello

 

After the fighting around Monte San Marco, the 2nd Brigade, whose axis of advance was now veering south due to the heights of the Sannio watershed, found their path crossed by several small tributaries of the Torrente Tammarecchia and Tammaro Rivers. The country was "sparsely wooded" and "unproductive", but over the course of a dozen miles, their path contained four isolated localities in which it was feared the Germans might make a stand, including Cercemaggiore, Cercepiccola, Castelpagano and San Croce del Sannio. The 71st Panzergrenadier Regiment was too intent on withdrawal, however, and aside from occasional shelling, the 2nd Brigade suffered almost no casualties during the period of 9-12 October. Kittyhawk aircraft were used to bomb Cercepiccola and Cercemaggiore on successive days, and the Edmonton Regiment (finally receiving news that they had been retitled The Loyal Edmonton Regiment) took Castelpagano without resistance on 9 October.

 

The Seaforths secured San Croce on 12 October. PPCLI linked up with the 3rd Brigade when patrols met troops of the Royal 22e Regiment in Riccia, finding it too abandoned. Movement towards Castelpagano by the Loyal Edmontons instigated a German withdrawal from Mount Saraceno, the heights overlooking Cercemaggiore, which PPCLI secured on the night of 12 October. This activity all placed the 2nd Brigade level with the main axis of the division's thrust to the west, though attempts to once again join hands with the Van Doos of the Royal 22e, now occupying positions west of Gildone, were intercepted by a strong patrol of Germans operating on the highway. The PPCLI did managed to secure two prisoners, who revealed the 1st Canadian Infantry Division's left flank had now penetrated the 29th Panzer Grenadier Division and was being opposed by the 26th Panzer Division. The 2nd Brigade was ordered to carry out a new mission - the capture of Vinchiaturo.2

Cercemaggiore lies about nine miles, as the crow flies, north-west of Decorata, and if the crow kept flying in the same direction for an equal distance it would come to the town of Baranello. Between the latter two towns, narrow twisting roads clung to the sides of steep hills and mountains, for the 2nd Brigade was in rugged country which was overlooked by German-held towns perched on the sides of the Matese Mountains only a few miles further west. By the 14th (of October), Highway No. 87 had been cut when Campobasso had been taken by the Canadians, but near Vinchiaturo a few miles southeast of Baranello, the enemy could still pass his troops on to Highway No. 17 which ran through the Biferno Valley. To hamper his withdrawal, as well as to maintain pressure on the enemy, the 2nd Brigade was instructed to continue its drive to the west and seize Vinchiaturo and Baranello.3


Click to enlarge

 

Vinchiaturo was a road hub, and Canadian operations against it were intended to take advantage of the local superiority of artillery that had been amassed, in order to break the German control over the road net. La Rocca, a set of twin peaks 3,000 feet high overlooking the Monteverde crossroads north-east of the town, was to be the objective of the PPCLI with the Loyal Edmontons tasked to take high ground south-east of Vinchiaturo. Following a heavy bombardment on the morning of 14 October by the 3rd Canadian Field Regiment and 154th (British) Field Regiment, La Rocca fell without direct opposition, though enemy artillery fire was encountered, and both La Rocca and the crossroads below were heavily shelled. The Edmontons pressed on from Cercepiccola across the San Giuliano road to occupy heights above the highway fork south of Vinchiaturo, then patrolled to the west on the heights of the Matese Mountains.4

 

As the Seaforths formed up to prepare for their phase of the operation, which was to pass through Vinchiaturo, their battalion scouts reported back that the town was unoccupied. A platoon was sent in immediately to occupy the town, and Acting Brigadier Bert Hoffmeister (commanding the 2nd Brigade in the absence of Chris Vokes, who was temporarily commanding the Division while Major General Guy Simonds was in hospital) ordered the battalion to the north-west to the Baranello area.5 The Seaforths moved through the Monteverde crossroads to cut the highway north of the town. The platoon sent to Baranello during the night was turned back by machine guns.

 

Canadian soldiers in Italy inspect a German MG34. The world's first true general-purpose machine gun, the MG34 and its intended replacement, the MG42, could be deployed in a multitude of roles, including light, medium and heavy infantry machine guns, anti-aircraft weapons, and as vehicle mounted guns. The MG34 could fire 900 rounds per minute of full-sized rifle ammunition. These weapons were issued on a scale of one per infantry section, and later in the war, some infantry units received two per section. LAC photo

Baranello itself was typical of many other towns in Southern Italy. It clung to a hilltop. Situated on a high spur, it overlooked the Biferno River Valley as well as two lesser valleys to the north and south. At the same time the town itself and its approaches were under enemy observation from the various high features in the area, especially from the higher range of mountains to the west. Control of these dominating features in the immediate area, therefore, was of prime importance, and in the action which followed the denial of the features to the enemy as observation posts was as important as seizing the town itself. Even before the attack went in, instructions were issued that vehicles using the road leading to Baranello from the highway must travel only at night as enemy shell and mortar fire was being directed from enemy posts to the north and south.6


Baranello as it appears at the start of the 21st Century: http://www.baranello.org/foto.htm

 

The Seaforths dispatched two fighting patrols; "A" Company went to reconnoitre the northern outskirts of Baranello while "B" Company scouted Point 763, a high feature 1-1/4 miles due south. By the afternoon of October 16, patrol reports and information from Italian sources determined that a company of the 67th Panzergrenadier Regiment was holding the town with a large number of automatic weapons, supported by heavy weapons outside the town immediately to the south. Additionally "by placing their mortars beyond the crests of the various hills and using the hilltops as observation posts, the Germans were able to bring their fire on the Seaforths from locations which were very difficult to spot." Using this information, Lieutenant Colonel Forin, officially commanding the Seaforths having been acting commander until recently, ordered "D" Company to attack at first light with the support of a platoon of Vickers machine guns from the Saskatoon Light Infantry, a platoon of S.L.I. 4.2-inch mortars, and a battery of 25-pounder field guns of the 165th Field Regiment which would lay down 10 minutes of fire at 05:00hrs, switching at 05:10hrs to hit the high ground to the south. With the 4.2-inch mortars on call, two anti-tank guns were also brought up to the "A" Company area for use as needed. In the event, the "plan worked like clockwork" and "D" Company gained positions near a high-walled cemetery an hour after stepping off, 600 yards from the outskirts of the town, and by 07:30hrs was inside the town with only light resistance having been encountered. Once again, the Germans had withdrawn in the face of Canadian artillery, but once again, German artillery remained heavy, and the town received heavy shelling later in the morning.

 

"D" Company moved up to consolidate its position, and began engaging in fire fights with Germans to the south. Tactical headquarters for the battalion moved up to a brickyard closer to Baranello and the C.O. ordered the Scout Officer to gather more information on the developing situation. German fire from Points 735 and 763, 1/2 a mile and a full mile south of the town, indicated that the Germans might consider a flanking move to cut off "D" Company which at this moment was the furthest advanced unit of the 2nd Canadian Brigade.

 

Three scouts set out through "D" Company, found no Germans, but talked to an Italian who had spotted a company of German reinforcements on the way up to the battle area. On their way back to Baranello, the scouts found that "D" Company had withdrawn. Captain Newsom had also been informed about the approach of enemy troops, and, without wireless communication with battalion headquarters when his signaller was killed and unable to confirm the report, ordered a withdrawal, first to the cemetery, then to their starting positions.7

 

The German reinforcements, the 7th Company of the 9th Panzergrenadier Regiment, 65 men strong, effectively doubled the size of the German contingent in Baranello, which now occupied the town. These troops were part of the Germans' divisional reserve.8 The battalion scouts who had set off earlier returned to the town thinking it still held by "D" Company and were captured; one later attempted escape and was shot and killed.

 

The C.O. of the Seaforths was not impressed by the decision to abandon the town, and the battalion was ordered to try again to capture it. On the night of 17-18 October, strong patrols were sent out once again, to the town and Point 763. The latter was devoid of enemy, but five men were wounded several hundred yards from the town.

 

A full-scale attack was ordered for the 18th. "A" Company under Captain Vance was given tank support from the 11th Canadian Army Tank Regiment (The Ontario Regiment), the first combat action of the Ontarios in Italy. Their task was to occupy Point 763 and protect the left flank. Simultaneously, "B" Company would attack the town itself from "D" Company's area. Two companies of the Patricia's were available for a counter-attack if necessary. Artillery and mortar preparation were laid on for 08:00hrs. To divide enemy attention, the Loyal Edmontons ran patrols to the south of Baranello.

 

"A" Company crossed the Start Line first, met only a single machine gun position in a building which was silenced by 75mm main gun fire from a Sherman tank. The hill was quickly seized, with only two casualties, but came under German fire once occupied.

 

"B" Company under Captain W.G. Harris moved off at 09:00hrs, and machine gun and rifle fire met them several hundred yards from the town. Kittyhawk aircraft attacked the town in support, but German artillery, being observed from Busso two miles north, was accurate. A group of infantry was spotted on the left flank, and it was feared they might cut "B" Company off, but it turned out their intentions were to move on Point 763, and they were "dealt with quite satisfactorily by "A" Company."

By noon, with the cheerful aid of the Saskatoon Light Infantry's 4.2-inch mortars, the unit's anti-tank guns and the supporting artillery fire, "B" Company had beaten down the enemy's well-sited machine-gun posts on the outskirts of town. Early in the afternoon the Seaforths were in the town itself engaged in fierce house-to-house and street-to-street fighting. A pall of dust and smoke over the town made it difficult for observers to see what was going on as the afternoon wore on, but the rattle of machine-guns, the thump of 3-inch mortars and the periodic cracks of rifle fire made it very evident that the enemy had to be pried from his post. Along the road leading to the town the unit's pioneers were sweeping for mines which would allow the tanks and carriers to get past the old brickyards and cemetery which had marked the Seaforth's outposts in the past few days.

 

By 1630 hours Baranello was cleared of the enemy except those who were prisoners of war. About 20 of the enemy were killed, and almost an equal number captured. The latter were a mixed batch - 14 belonged to the 9th Panzer Grenadier Regiment, one was an artilleryman attached to the 26th Panzer Division and the rest belonged to the 67th Panzer Grenadier Regiment. Among them was a wounded officer. Indeed this was the largest single group yet rounded up in action by the Seaforths. Three more were nabbed by "A" Company later that night when they came to Point 763 thinking, possibly, to re-establish an observation post.9

Aftermath

 

Seaforth casualties for both days of the fighting were four killed and 9 wounded, while the Germans lost 35 dead or captured. Within the next day, the 1st Brigade seized the heights at Busso, and on the 19th, the RCR captured Mount Vairano, from which a battalion of the 71st Panzergrenadier Regiment had originally withdrawn to Busso. "With Baranello and Busso lost, the enemy soon surrendered the rest of his hold on the right bank of the Biferno."10

 

Battle Honours

 

The following Canadian unit was awarded the Battle Honour "Baranello" for participation in these actions:

 

Image:1gif2bde.gif 2nd Canadian Brigade

  • The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada

Notes

  1. Roy, Reginald. The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada 1919-1965 (Evergreen Press, Vancouver, BC, 1969) pp.215-223

  2. Nicholson, Gerald. Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War. Volume II: The Canadians in Italy, 1943-1945 (Queen's Printer, Ottawa, ON, 1957) pp.246-247

  3. Roy, Ibid, p.223

  4. Nicholson, Ibid, p.249

  5. Roy, Ibid, p.224

  6. Ibid

  7. Ibid

  8. Nicholson, Ibid, p.256

  9. Roy, Ibid, p.229

  10. Nicholson, Ibid, p.257


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