History

Wars & Campaigns

Boer War
First World War

►►Western Front

►►►Trench Warfare: 1914-1916

►►Allied Offensive: 1916

►►►Allied Offensives: 1917

►►►German Offensive: 1918

►►►Advance to Victory: 1918

►►Siberia
Second World War
►►War Against Japan

►►Italian Campaign

►►►Sicily

►►►Southern Italy

►►►The Sangro and Moro

►►►Battles of the FSSF

►►►Cassino

►►►Liri Valley

►►►Advance to Florence

►►►Gothic Line

►►►Winter Lines
►►North-West Europe

►►►Normandy
►►►Southern France
►►►Channel Ports

►►►Scheldt
►►►Nijmegen Salient

►►►Rhineland

►►►Final Phase
Korean War
Cold War
Gulf War

Operations 

GAUNTLET Aug 1941

(Spitsbergen)

HUSKY Jul 1943

 (Sicily)

COTTAGE Aug 1943

 (Kiska)

TIMBERWOLF Oct 1943

(Italy)

OVERLORD Jun 1944

(Normandy)

MARKET-GARDEN Sep 44

(Arnhem)

BERLIN Nov 1944

(Nijmegen)

VERITABLE Feb 1945

(Rhineland)

Battle Honours

Boer War

►Paardeberg

18 Feb 00

First World War
Western Front
Trench Warfare: 1914-1916

Ypres, 1915

22 Apr-25 May 15

Gravenstafel

22-23 Apr 15

St. Julien

24 Apr-4 May 15

Frezenberg

8-13 May 15

Bellewaarde

24-25 May 15

Festubert, 1915

15-25 May 15

Mount Sorrel

2-13 Jun 16

Allied Offensive: 1916

►Somme, 1916

1 Jul-18 Nov 16

►Albert

.1-13 Jul 16

►Bazentin

.14-17 Jul 16

►Pozieres

.23 Jul-3 Sep 16

►Guillemont

.3-6 Sep 16

►Ginchy

.9 Sep 16

Flers-Courcelette

15-22 Sep 16

Thiepval

26-29 Sep 16

►Le Transloy

. 1-18 Oct 16

Ancre Heights

1 Oct-11 Nov 16

Ancre, 1916

13-18 Nov 16

Allied Offensives: 1917

►Arras 1917

8 Apr-4 May 17

Vimy, 1917

.9-14 Apr 17

Arleux

28-29 Apr 17

►Scarpe, 1917

.3-4 May17

►Hill 70

.15-25 Aug 17

►Messines, 1917

.7-14 Jun 17

►Ypres, 1917

..31 Jul-10 Nov 17

►Pilckem

31 Jul-2 Aug 17

►Langemarck, 1917

.16-18 Aug 17

►Menin Road

.20-25 Sep 17

►Polygon Wood

26 Sep-3 Oct 17

►Broodseinde

.4 Oct 17

►Poelcapelle

.9 Oct 17

►Passchendaele

.12 Oct 17

►Cambrai, 1917

20 Nov-3 Dec 17

German Offensive: 1918

►Somme, 1918

.21 Mar-5 Apr 18

►St. Quentin

.21-23 Mar 18

►Bapaume, 1918

.24-25 Mar 18

►Rosieres

.26-27 Mar 18

►Avre

.4 Apr 18

►Lys

.9-29 Apr 18

►Estaires

.9-11 Apr 18

►Messines, 1918

.10-11 Apr 18

►Bailleul

.13-15 Apr 18

►Kemmel

.17-19 Apr 18

Advance to Victory: 1918

Amiens

8-11 Aug 18

►Arras, 1918

.26 Aug-3 Sep 18

►Scarpe, 1918

26-30 Aug 18.

►Drocourt-Queant

.2-3 Sep 18

►Hindenburg Line

.12 Sep-9 Oct 18

►Canal du Nord

.27 Sep-2 Oct 18

►St. Quentin Canal .29 Sep-2 Oct 18
►Epehy

3-5 Oct 18

►Cambrai, 1918

.8-9 Oct 18

►Valenciennes

.1-2 Nov 18

►Sambre

.4 Nov 18

►Pursuit to Mons .28 Sep-11Nov

Second World War

War Against Japan

South-East Asia

Hong Kong

 8-25 Dec 41

Italian Campaign

Battle of Sicily

Landing in Sicily 

   9-12 Jul 43

Grammichele 

15 Jul 43

Piazza Armerina

16-17 Jul 43

Valguarnera

17-19 Jul 43

Assoro 

  20-22 Jul 43

Leonforte

 21-22 Jul 43

Agira

24-28 Jul 43

Adrano 

29 Jul-7 Aug 43

Catenanuova

29-30 Jul 43

Regalbuto

29 Jul-3 Aug 43

Centuripe

  31 Jul-3 Aug 43

Troina Valley

 2-6 Aug 43

Pursuit to Messina

 2-17 Aug 43

 Southern Italy

Landing at Reggio

 3 Sep 43

Potenza 19-20 Sep 43
Motta Montecorvino 1-3 Oct 43
Termoli 3-6 Oct 43
Monte San Marco 6-7 Oct 43
Gambatesa 7-8 Oct 43
Campobasso 11-14 Oct 43
Baranello 17-18 Oct 43
Colle d'Anchise 22-24 Oct 43
Torella 24-27 Oct 43

The Sangro and Moro

The Sangro

19 Nov-3 Dec 43

Castel di Sangro

.23-24 Nov 43

The Moro

5-7 Dec 43

San Leonardo

8-9 Dec 43

The Gully

..10-19 Dec 43

Casa Berardi

 ..14-15 Dec 43

Ortona

20-28 Dec 43

San Nicola-San

.31 Dec 43

Tommaso

.
Point 59/ 29 Dec 43-

Torre Mucchia

4 Jan 44

Battles of the FSSF
Monte Camino

.5 Nov-9 Dec 43

Monte la Difensa-

2-8 Dec 43

 Monte la Remetanea

.
Hill 720

25 Dec 43

Monte Majo

3-8 Jan 44.

Radicosa

4 Jan 44

Monte Vischiataro

8 Jan 44

Anzio

22 Jan-22 May 44

Rome

.22 May-4 Jun 44

Advance

.22 May-22 Jun 44

to the Tiber

.
►Monte Arrestino

25 May 44

►Rocca Massima

27 May 44

►Colle Ferro

2 Jun 44

Cassino
►Cassino II

11-18 May 44

►Gustav Line

11-18 May 44

►Sant' Angelo in

13 May 44

Teodice

.
►Pignataro

14-15 May 44

Liri Valley
Liri Valley

18-30 May 44

►Hitler Line

18-24 May 44

►Aquino

18-24 May 44

►Melfa Crossing

24-25 May 44

►Ceprano

26-27 May 44

►Torrice Crossroads

30 May 44

Advance to Florence
Advance

17 Jul-10 Aug 44

to Florence

.
Trasimene Line

20-30 Jun 44

Sanfatucchio

20-21 Jun 44

Arezzo

4-17 Jul 44

Cerrone

25 - 31 Aug 44

Gothic Line
►Gothic Line

25 Aug-22 Sep 44

►Monteciccardo

27-28 Aug 44

►Montecchio

30-31 Aug 44

►Point 204 (Pozzo Alto)

31 Aug 44

►Monte Luro

1 Sep 44

►Borgo Santa Maria

1 Sep 44

►Tomba di Pesaro

1-2 Sep 44

►Coriano

3-15 Sep 44

►Lamone Crossing

2-13 Sep 44

Winter Lines
►Rimini Line

14-21 Sep 44

►San Martino-

14-18 Sep 44

San Lorenzo

.
►San Fortunato

18-20 Sep 44

►Casale

23-25 Sep 44

►Sant' Angelo

11-15 Sep 44

 in Salute

.
►Bulgaria Village

13-14 Sep 44

►Cesena

15-20 Sep 44

►Pisciatello

16-19 Sep 44

►Savio Bridgehead

20-23 Sep 44

►Monte La Pieve

13-19 Oct 44

►Monte Spaduro

19-24 Oct 44

►Monte San Bartolo

11-14 Nov 44

►Capture of Ravenna

3-4 Dec 44

►Naviglio Canal

12-15 Dec 44

►Fosso Vecchio

16-18 Dec 44

►Fosso Munio

19-21 Dec 44

►Conventello-

2-6 Jan 45

Comacchio

.
►Granarolo

3-5 Jan 44

Northwest Europe
Dieppe

19 Aug 42

Battle of Normandy
Normandy Landing

6 Jun 44

Authie

7 Jun 44

Putot-en-Bessin

8 Jun 44

Bretteville

8-9 Jun 44

       -l'Orgueilleuse .
Le Mesnil-Patry

11 Jun 44

Carpiquet

4-5 Jul 44

Caen

4-18 Jul 44

The Orne (Buron)

8-9 Jul 44

Bourguébus Ridge

18-23 Jul 44

Faubourg-de-

18-19 Jul 44

       Vaucelles .
St. André-sur-Orne

19-23 Jul 44

Maltôt

22-23 Jul 44

Verrières Ridge-Tilly--

25 Jul 44

         la-Campagne .
Falaise

7-22 Aug 44

►Falaise Road

7-9 Aug 44

►Quesnay Road

10-11 Aug 44

Clair Tizon

11-13 Aug 44

►The Laison

14-17 Aug 44

►Chambois

18-22 Aug 44

►St. Lambert-sur-

19-22 Aug 44

       Dives

.

Dives Crossing

17-20 Aug 44

Forêt de la Londe

27-29 Aug 44

The Seine, 1944

25-28 Aug 44

Southern France
Southern France

15-28 Aug 44

Channel Ports
Dunkirk, 1944

8-15 Sep 44

Le Havre

1-12 Sep 44

Moerbrugge

8-10 Sep 44

Moerkerke

13-14 Sep 44

Boulogne, 1944

17-22 Sep 44

Calais, 1944

25 Sep-1 Oct 44

Wyneghem

21-22 Sep 44

Antwerp-Turnhout

   24-29 Sep 44

Canal

.

The Scheldt

The Scheldt

1 Oct-8 Nov 44

Leopold Canal

6-16 Oct-44

►Woensdrecht

1-27 Oct 44

Savojaards Platt

9-10 Oct 44

Breskens Pocket

11 Oct -3 Nov 44

►The Lower Maas

20 Oct -7 Nov 44

►South Beveland

 24-31 Oct 44

Walcheren

31 Oct -4 Nov 44

Causeway

.

Nijmegen Salient
Ardennes

Dec 44-Jan 45

Kapelsche Veer

31 Dec 44-

.

21Jan 45

The Roer

16-31 Jan 45

Rhineland
The Rhineland

8 Feb-10 Mar 45

►The Reichswald

8-13 Feb 45

►Waal Flats

8-15 Feb 45

►Moyland Wood

14-21 Feb 45

►Goch-Calcar Road

19-21 Feb 45

►The Hochwald

26 Feb-

.

4 Mar 45

►Veen

6-10 Mar 45

►Xanten

8-9 Mar 45

Final Phase
The Rhine

23 Mar-1 Apr 45

►Emmerich-Hoch

28 Mar-1 Apr 45

Elten

.
►Twente Canal

2-4 Apr 45

Zutphen

6-8 Apr 45

Deventer

8-11 Apr 45

Arnhem, 1945

12-14 Apr 45

Apeldoorn

11-17 Apr 45

Groningen

13-16 Apr 45

Friesoythe

14 Apr 45

►Ijselmeer

15-18 Apr 45

Küsten Canal

17-24 Apr 45

Wagenborgen

21-23 Apr 45

Delfzijl Pocket

23 Apr-2 May 45

Leer

28-29 Apr 45

Bad Zwischenahn

23 Apr-4 May 45

Oldenburg

27 Apr-5 May 45

Korean War
Kapyong

21-25 Apr 51

Domestic Missions

FLQ Crisis

International Missions

ICCS            Vietnam 1973

MFO                 Sinai 1986-

Peacekeeping

UNMOGIP

India 1948-1979

UNTSO

 Israel 1948-    ....

UNEF

Egypt 1956-1967

UNOGIL

Lebanon 1958    ....

ONUC

 Congo 1960-1964

UNYOM

Yemen 1963-1964

UNTEA

W. N. Guinea 1963-1964

UNIFCYP

 Cyprus 1964-    ....

DOMREP

D. Republic 1965-1966

UNIPOM

Kashmir 1965-1966

UNEFME

Egypt 1973-1979

UNDOF

Golan 1974-    ....

UNIFIL

 Lebanon 1978    ....

UNGOMAP

Afghanistan 1988-90

UNIIMOG

Iran-Iraq 1988-1991

UNTAG

Namibia 1989-1990

ONUCA

C. America 1989-1992

UNIKOM

Kuwait 1991    ....

MINURSO

W. Sahara 1991    ....

ONUSAL

El Salvador 1991    ....

UNAMIC

Cambodia 1991-1992

UNAVEM II

Angola 1991-1997

UNPROFOR

Yugosla. 1992-1995

UNTAC

Cambodia 1992-1993

UNOSOM

Somalia 1992-1993

ONUMOZ

Mozambiq. 1993-1994

UNOMUR

 Rwanda 1993    ....

UNAMIR

Rwanda 1993-1996

UNMIH

Haiti 1993-1996

UNMIBH

Bosnia/Herz.1993-1996

UNMOP

Prevlaka 1996-2001

UNSMIH

Haiti 1996-1997

MINUGUA

Guatemala 1994-1997

UNTMIH

Haiti 1997    ....

MIPONUH

 Haiti 1997    ....

MINURCA

C.Afr.Rep. 1998-1999

INTERFET

E. Timor 1999-2000

UNAMSIL

Sie. Leone 1999-2005

UNTAET

E. Timor 1999-2000

Exercises

 

Authie

Authie was a Battle Honour granted to units participating in battles following D-Day during the Battle of Normandy, the first phase of the North-West Europe campaign of the Second World War.

Background

D-Day on 6 June had left the three British and Canadian beachheads reasonably secure, thanks to a slow German response and lower than anticipated casualties, yet the gap between the British 3rd Division and the 3rd Canadian Division was troublesome.  Nonetheless, on D+1, June 7th, wheels were already in motion for energetic armoured counterattacks on the Commonwealth beaches by the 12th SS Panzer Division and 21st Panzer Division. The Canadians, for their part, were concerned with making an all-out push for the final D-Day objective line, code-named OAK, that had not been achieved the previous day. For the Canadians, this was represented in reality by the railway line running parallel to the Caen-Bayeux road, and the airfield at Carpiquet. The 7th Brigade made good progress on their objectives on the morning of June 7th, one battalion becoming the first unit of the entire 2nd British Army to seize their D-Day objectives - though the fighting would turn fierce later in the day. The 9th Brigade had a harder time of it beginning in the early hours of D+1.1

 

Early Actions on D+1

The North Nova Scotia Highlanders and Le Régiment de la Chaudière came under attack by half-tracked infantry at 0200 on 7 June, apparently by troops belonging to 21 Panzer Division, the Chauds exchanging an entire platoon for several prisoners of the 192nd Panzer Grenadier Battalion.2 The 9th Brigade was apparently not deterred from its task of moving on its OAK objectives.

Advance on Authie

The War Diary of the 27th Canadian Armoured Regiment (The Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment) noted:

At first light the unit moved off from the high ground at La Mare with the North Nova Scotia Highlanders. They moved south towards Villons Les Buissons in the same order as yesterday. A Squadron under Major E.W.L. Arnold on the right, B Squadron under Major G.S. Mahon on the left and C Squadron under Major V.O. Walsh in the centre. RHQ tanks with the Commanding Officer LtCol M.B.K, Gordon moved along the centre line in front of C Squadron.3

The reconnaissance troop, equipped with Stuart tanks, led the column, followed by "C" Company of the North Novas riding on Universal Carriers. Behind them came a platoon of Vickers machine guns from the Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa, a troop of tank-destroyers of the divisional anti-tank regiment, two assault sections of pioneers, and four of the battalion anti-tank gun platoon's 6-pounder anti-tank guns. Three companies of North Novas followed behind, riding on the tanks of the Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment. The initial advance is summed up by the official history in three sentences, noting only that opposition was slight, stiffening as the forces approached Buron, which was occupied by 11:50, and that two 8.8cm guns were reportedly knocked out before that time.4

As "C" Company searched Buron, "B" Company headed for Authie, their tanks deploying midway between the two villages and engaging targets in the latter. Mortar fire from St. Contest caused trouble for the Canadians by this time; "C" Company passed two platoons in carriers through "B" Company but took Authie after a "sharp skirmish" and dug in at the south edge of the village, which came under intense shelling and mortar fire. The 9th Brigade headquarters was informed of the capture of Authie at 1300, and at 1310 informed 3rd Canadian Division HQ that enemy armour was 800 yards east of Authie. By this time the reconnaissance troop of the Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment was reported in Franqueville and "A" Company of the North Novas had passed to the west of Buron and were also approaching Authie, but had dismounted from their tanks and were advancing on foot without support and were taking heavy fire from the west.5

Artillery support was not available as the 14th Field Regiment, in support of the 9th Brigade, was in the process of changing location and the 19th Field Regiment, also available to the sector, was firing in support of the North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment. Radio communications to naval gunfire were temporarily also lost, but after contact was re-established, support was able to be brought down with effect. In the meantime, the advance troops of the brigade were left with exposed flanks and no support. The commanding officer of the Highlanders, Lieutenant Colonel Petch, ordered "A" Company to dig-in south-east of Gruchy, and for "B" Company to withdraw from Authie and join them and create a "battalion fortress" north of Authie. Heavy fire, however, pinned "B" Company in Buron and two platoons of "C" Company were struck by a German counter-attack in Authie.

Hitler Youth Counter-Attack

The commander of the 25th SS Panzergrenadier Regiment, a component of the 12th SS Panzer Division (Hitlerjugend), made a personal reconnaissance from the chapel of the Abbey d'Ardenne, the medieval building serving as divisional headquarters, and upon seeing the tanks of the Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment fanning out over the countryside (in fact, his own vehicle had been fired on not long before, likely by a Sherbrooke Fusilier), he issued deployment orders for the 2nd Battalion (equipped with PzKpfw IV vehicles) of the 12th SS Panzer Regiment and the troops of his own 25th Panzergrenadier Regiment.

After a second reconnaissance from the chapel, he pushed up his attack two hours, and ordered the three infantry companies of the 3rd Battalion to strike at Authie and Buron with the 5th and 6th Panzer Companies. with Authie secured, the 2nd Battalion was to advance from Bitot. The 3rd Battalion commenced its attack at 1400.

At 1410, "B" Squadron of the Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment made contact with the 6th Panzer Company east of Authie, and soon after, "A" Squadron to the west engaged the 5th Panzer Company. "A" Squadron lost two Shermans within minutes; Lieutenant Fitzpatrick moved his tank - the sole survivor of his troop - to a firing position south of Authie to find his breech mechanism had failed. When his tank was hit, two men were killed and a third wounded. Lieutenant Windsor's troop was also forced to withdraw, though his tank was also hit and his crew baled out, to be taken prisoner.

"B" Squadron, with eleven tanks, engaged the 6th Company at several hundred yards range and exchanged fire successfully, knocking out several German tanks and forcing the other to withdraw. Attempting to advance, they ran into anti-tank obstacles and were bogged down, though they were able to extricate themselves after a few anxious minutes of exposure to anti-tank and artillery fire. The five survivors withdrew to Gruchy.6

The infantry attack on Authie went in behind the tanks, in a "V" formation, two companies "up" and one in reserve. The Canadian official history states succinctly that platoons of the North Nova Scotia Highlanders, with some troops of the Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa and some tanks, "fought hard (in and around Authie) but were overrun; only a few men got away."7

A history of the 12th SS is also succinct:

The Shermans of the Sherbrooke Fusiliers suffered heavy losses. But the Sherman, which also carried a 75mm gun, was well-matched with its adversary, and immediately the first Panzer IVs erupted in smoke and flame. Others were set ablaze by Canadian anti-tank guns firing incendiary shells (Phosphorgranaten.) With barely seconds to escape some of the SS tankmen managed to tumble clear of the flaming hulls; those less fortunate burned in place. The survivors, burned and disfigured, stumbled back towards the rear.

The remaining German armor swept on towards Authie, accompanied by the infantry advancing in a deep, narrow formation through the tall grain. Moving swiftly, the Germans took their first prisoners and dispatched them into captivity. Overhead, clouds of enemy fighter bombers winged past but did not disturb the attackers, for the aircraft were on their way to contest targets farther inland. While the two lead infantry companies and most of the tanks bypassed Authie on either side, the third company and a handful of Panzer IVs stormed the village. A Canadian captain, taking the Browning automatics from several knocked-out Shermans, hastily organized its defence. But his small force was rapidly overrun, and no one escaped to record this gallant action. The SS crushed the platoons of the North Nova Scotia Highlanders in and around Authie; with the village secured, they pushed on towards Gruchy and Buron...8

Nine tanks supported the 9th Company in their assault on Authie; facing them were two platoons of "C" Company of the North Novas under Captain Fraser, and Lieutenant Sutherland's platoon of "A" Company. They had only one tank left in support, a 17-pounder armed Sherman, and no anti-tank weapons of their own. They nonetheless decided they would make a stand; and positioned themselves along a hedge in an orchard and salvaged Browning machine guns from knocked out Sherman tanks.

The Germans attacked after a preparatory barrage; they advanced to within a few hundred yards, and a firefight ensued. During the running battle, the commander of No. 13 Platoon retrieved a Universal Carrier from inside the village belonging to the Camerons, upon which was mounted a Vickers machine gun. SS troops of the 9th Company had infiltrated by now into the orchard and were firing into the Canadian positions at close range; the carrier was deployed to the west end of the orchard where it duelled with the infiltrators. Their radio damaged, the infantry tried to get a message for reinforcements through to the Sherbrooke's HQ via the tank radio, for relay to the CO of the North Novas via Brigade Headquarters. The message was received, and pleas to hang on were sent back via the same route. Reassured, the troops kept fighting, but it was for nought, as no reinforcements were ever sent.

The Canadians held out for almost 60 minutes, against successive assaults, first mass assaults, then small groups. The 11th Company worked its way to the northern part of Authie to flank "A" Company. Lieutenant Veness, who had manned the MG carrier, was ordered to escape with anyone who could still make it while the wounded in the orchard stayed behind to provide cover. Between 20 and 30 men made it into Authie and the farmland beyond, while Captain Fraser and the wounded made their last stand in the orchard, finally succumbing in close quarters combat just after 1600.9

War Crimes

What happened next became a matter of great controversy, though the facts themselves are not disputed:

German losses among the young soldiers and their battle-hardened NCOs had been heavy. A few, seeking revenge, turned on their Canadian prisoners.10

In all, 156 Canadian soldiers were murdered in cold blood in Normandy (about a score at Authie alone), in a spree beginning with those troops captured at Authie on June 7th, and ending ten days later. The perpetrators were all members of the 12th SS Panzer Division; the victims all members of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division. The matter has been controversial in that few of the perpetrators were ever brought to justice for their crimes.

Aftermath

Buron itself was hotly contested, and eventually lost late in the afternoon, and then retaken once again by the Highlanders and surviving tanks of the Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment when heavy artillery support was once again available. However, at dusk, advance units fell back to Les Buissons, and the other battalions of the 9th Brigade joined them there to create a "Brigade Fortress." They would remain there for a month, until Operation CHARNWOOD in July, when the brigade moved forward over the same ground once again to attack Buron four weeks later.

The losses had been heavy, with the North Novas suffering 242 casualties, 84 fatal, and 128 being captured. A footnote to the latter is that three prisoners, including Lieutenant Veness, escaped from captivity while in transit to Germany, made contact with the French Maquis, and eventually returned to England and rejoined the Army (making the comment quoted above by the German divisional historian about no one escaping to tell the story not only inaccurate but ironic). The Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment lost 21 Sherman tanks, with 7 more damaged, and had 60 personnel casualties, including 26 killed. The Canadians estimated 31 destroyed enemy tanks, while Kurt Meyer estimated losses of tanks at six.

The Canadian official historian concluded that:

The 9th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group had fought its first battle with courage and spirit, but somewhat clumsily. Encountering an unusually efficient German force of about its own strength, it had come off second-best. Its advanced guard had been caught off balance and defeated in detail. The German blow had been well coordinated; it seems evident that tanks, infantry and artillery all played their parts effectively in close cooperation with one another. This sort of cooperation was less evident on our side, at least until near the end of the day.11

However, historians have come to reassess the abilities of the 12th SS in these opening days of the campaign.12 There were other battles fought around Authie over the course of the next three days, between the 3rd Canadian Division and the 12th SS Panzer Division. The Canadian Army's official historian went on to note that the "German counter-attack was not made in sufficient strength to have much effect upon the bridgehead battle as a whole. Meyer's force was too small to achieve a great deal, particularly in the reduced state which it must have been in after the fierce fighting around Authie and Buron. He was in fact fought to a standstill; but before this took place he had inflicted a severe local reverse on the 9th Brigade."13

Battle Honour

The following Canadian units were awarded the Battle Honour "Authie" for participation in these actions:

Image:2tankbde.gif 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade

  • 27th Canadian Armoured Regiment (The Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment)

Image:3gif9bde.gif 9th Canadian Infantry Brigade

  • The North Nova Scotia Highlanders

Notes

  1. McKay, A. Donald Gaudeamus Igitur "Therefore Rejoice" (Bunker to Bunker Books, Calgary, AB, 2005) ISBN 1894255534 p.136

  2. Stacey, C.P. Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War: Volume III: The Victory Campaign: The Operations in North-west Europe 1944-45 (Queen's Printer, Ottawa, ON, 1960) p.126

  3. Gilbert, John Bloody Buron: Canada's D-Day +1 (Gargunnock Books, Ripley, Woking, UK, 2004) ISBN 0-9735614-1-6 p.86

  4. Stacey, Ibid, p.128

  5. Ibid, p.128

  6. Margolian, Howard Conduct Unbecoming: The Story of the Murder of Canadian Prisoners of War in Normandy (University of Toronto Press, Toronto, ON, 1998) ISBN 0-8020-4213-9 pp.49-52

  7. Stacey, Ibid, p.131

  8. Luther, Craig W.H. Blood and Honor: The History of the 12th SS Panzer Division "Hitler Youth", 1943-1945 (R. James Bender Publishing, San Jose, CA, 1987) ISBN 0-912138-38-6 pp.135-137

  9. Margolian, Ibid, pp.54-56

  10. Foster, Tony Meeting of Generals (Methuen Publications, Agincourt, ON, 1986) ISBN 0-458-80520-3 p.316

  11. Stacey, Ibid, p.133

  12. Haller, Oliver "The Defeat of the 12th SS 7-10 June 1944" Canadian Military History Quarterly, Volume 3, Issue 1

  13. Stacey, Ibid, p.133
     


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