History

Wars & Campaigns

Boer War
First World War

►►Western Front

►►►Trench Warfare: 1914-1916

►►Allied Offensive: 1916

►►►Allied Offensives: 1917

►►►German Offensive: 1918

►►►Advance to Victory: 1918

►►Siberia
Second World War
►►War Against Japan

►►Italian Campaign

►►►Sicily

►►►Southern Italy

►►►The Sangro and Moro

►►►Battles of the FSSF

►►►Cassino

►►►Liri Valley

►►►Advance to Florence

►►►Gothic Line

►►►Winter Lines
►►North-West Europe

►►►Normandy
►►►Southern France
►►►Channel Ports

►►►Scheldt
►►►Nijmegen Salient

►►►Rhineland

►►►Final Phase
Korean War
Cold War
Gulf War

Operations 

GAUNTLET Aug 1941

(Spitsbergen)

HUSKY Jul 1943

 (Sicily)

COTTAGE Aug 1943

 (Kiska)

TIMBERWOLF Oct 1943

(Italy)

OVERLORD Jun 1944

(Normandy)

MARKET-GARDEN Sep 44

(Arnhem)

BERLIN Nov 1944

(Nijmegen)

VERITABLE Feb 1945

(Rhineland)

Battle Honours

Boer War

►Paardeberg

18 Feb 00

First World War
Western Front
Trench Warfare: 1914-1916

Ypres, 1915

22 Apr-25 May 15

Gravenstafel

22-23 Apr 15

St. Julien

24 Apr-4 May 15

Frezenberg

8-13 May 15

Bellewaarde

24-25 May 15

Festubert, 1915

15-25 May 15

Mount Sorrel

2-13 Jun 16

Allied Offensive: 1916

►Somme, 1916

1 Jul-18 Nov 16

►Albert

.1-13 Jul 16

►Bazentin

.14-17 Jul 16

►Pozieres

.23 Jul-3 Sep 16

►Guillemont

.3-6 Sep 16

►Ginchy

.9 Sep 16

Flers-Courcelette

15-22 Sep 16

Thiepval

26-29 Sep 16

►Le Transloy

. 1-18 Oct 16

Ancre Heights

1 Oct-11 Nov 16

Ancre, 1916

13-18 Nov 16

Allied Offensives: 1917

►Arras 1917

8 Apr-4 May 17

Vimy, 1917

.9-14 Apr 17

Arleux

28-29 Apr 17

►Scarpe, 1917

.3-4 May17

►Hill 70

.15-25 Aug 17

►Messines, 1917

.7-14 Jun 17

►Ypres, 1917

..31 Jul-10 Nov 17

►Pilckem

31 Jul-2 Aug 17

►Langemarck, 1917

.16-18 Aug 17

►Menin Road

.20-25 Sep 17

►Polygon Wood

26 Sep-3 Oct 17

►Broodseinde

.4 Oct 17

►Poelcapelle

.9 Oct 17

►Passchendaele

.12 Oct 17

►Cambrai, 1917

20 Nov-3 Dec 17

German Offensive: 1918

►Somme, 1918

.21 Mar-5 Apr 18

►St. Quentin

.21-23 Mar 18

►Bapaume, 1918

.24-25 Mar 18

►Rosieres

.26-27 Mar 18

►Avre

.4 Apr 18

►Lys

.9-29 Apr 18

►Estaires

.9-11 Apr 18

►Messines, 1918

.10-11 Apr 18

►Bailleul

.13-15 Apr 18

►Kemmel

.17-19 Apr 18

Advance to Victory: 1918

Amiens

8-11 Aug 18

►Arras, 1918

.26 Aug-3 Sep 18

►Scarpe, 1918

26-30 Aug 18.

►Drocourt-Queant

.2-3 Sep 18

►Hindenburg Line

.12 Sep-9 Oct 18

►Canal du Nord

.27 Sep-2 Oct 18

►St. Quentin Canal .29 Sep-2 Oct 18
►Epehy

3-5 Oct 18

►Cambrai, 1918

.8-9 Oct 18

►Valenciennes

.1-2 Nov 18

►Sambre

.4 Nov 18

►Pursuit to Mons .28 Sep-11Nov

Second World War

War Against Japan

South-East Asia

Hong Kong

 8-25 Dec 41

Italian Campaign

Battle of Sicily

Landing in Sicily 

   9-12 Jul 43

Grammichele 

15 Jul 43

Piazza Armerina

16-17 Jul 43

Valguarnera

17-19 Jul 43

Assoro 

  20-22 Jul 43

Leonforte

 21-22 Jul 43

Agira

24-28 Jul 43

Adrano 

29 Jul-7 Aug 43

Catenanuova

29-30 Jul 43

Regalbuto

29 Jul-3 Aug 43

Centuripe

  31 Jul-3 Aug 43

Troina Valley

 2-6 Aug 43

Pursuit to Messina

 2-17 Aug 43

 Southern Italy

Landing at Reggio

 3 Sep 43

Potenza 19-20 Sep 43
Motta Montecorvino 1-3 Oct 43
Termoli 3-6 Oct 43
Monte San Marco 6-7 Oct 43
Gambatesa 7-8 Oct 43
Campobasso 11-14 Oct 43
Baranello 17-18 Oct 43
Colle d'Anchise 22-24 Oct 43
Torella 24-27 Oct 43

The Sangro and Moro

The Sangro

19 Nov-3 Dec 43

Castel di Sangro

.23-24 Nov 43

The Moro

5-7 Dec 43

San Leonardo

8-9 Dec 43

The Gully

..10-19 Dec 43

Casa Berardi

 ..14-15 Dec 43

Ortona

20-28 Dec 43

San Nicola-San

.31 Dec 43

Tommaso

.
Point 59/ 29 Dec 43-

Torre Mucchia

4 Jan 44

Battles of the FSSF
Monte Camino

.5 Nov-9 Dec 43

Monte la Difensa-

2-8 Dec 43

 Monte la Remetanea

.
Hill 720

25 Dec 43

Monte Majo

3-8 Jan 44.

Radicosa

4 Jan 44

Monte Vischiataro

8 Jan 44

Anzio

22 Jan-22 May 44

Rome

.22 May-4 Jun 44

Advance

.22 May-22 Jun 44

to the Tiber

.
►Monte Arrestino

25 May 44

►Rocca Massima

27 May 44

►Colle Ferro

2 Jun 44

Cassino
►Cassino II

11-18 May 44

►Gustav Line

11-18 May 44

►Sant' Angelo in

13 May 44

Teodice

.
►Pignataro

14-15 May 44

Liri Valley
Liri Valley

18-30 May 44

►Hitler Line

18-24 May 44

►Aquino

18-24 May 44

►Melfa Crossing

24-25 May 44

►Ceprano

26-27 May 44

►Torrice Crossroads

30 May 44

Advance to Florence
Advance

17 Jul-10 Aug 44

to Florence

.
Trasimene Line

20-30 Jun 44

Sanfatucchio

20-21 Jun 44

Arezzo

4-17 Jul 44

Cerrone

25 - 31 Aug 44

Gothic Line
►Gothic Line

25 Aug-22 Sep 44

►Monteciccardo

27-28 Aug 44

►Montecchio

30-31 Aug 44

►Point 204 (Pozzo Alto)

31 Aug 44

►Monte Luro

1 Sep 44

►Borgo Santa Maria

1 Sep 44

►Tomba di Pesaro

1-2 Sep 44

►Coriano

3-15 Sep 44

►Lamone Crossing

2-13 Sep 44

Winter Lines
►Rimini Line

14-21 Sep 44

►San Martino-

14-18 Sep 44

San Lorenzo

.
►San Fortunato

18-20 Sep 44

►Casale

23-25 Sep 44

►Sant' Angelo

11-15 Sep 44

 in Salute

.
►Bulgaria Village

13-14 Sep 44

►Cesena

15-20 Sep 44

►Pisciatello

16-19 Sep 44

►Savio Bridgehead

20-23 Sep 44

►Monte La Pieve

13-19 Oct 44

►Monte Spaduro

19-24 Oct 44

►Monte San Bartolo

11-14 Nov 44

►Capture of Ravenna

3-4 Dec 44

►Naviglio Canal

12-15 Dec 44

►Fosso Vecchio

16-18 Dec 44

►Fosso Munio

19-21 Dec 44

►Conventello-

2-6 Jan 45

Comacchio

.
►Granarolo

3-5 Jan 44

Northwest Europe
Dieppe

19 Aug 42

Battle of Normandy
Normandy Landing

6 Jun 44

Authie

7 Jun 44

Putot-en-Bessin

8 Jun 44

Bretteville

8-9 Jun 44

       -l'Orgueilleuse .
Le Mesnil-Patry

11 Jun 44

Carpiquet

4-5 Jul 44

Caen

4-18 Jul 44

The Orne (Buron)

8-9 Jul 44

Bourguébus Ridge

18-23 Jul 44

Faubourg-de-

18-19 Jul 44

       Vaucelles .
St. André-sur-Orne

19-23 Jul 44

Maltôt

22-23 Jul 44

Verrières Ridge-Tilly--

25 Jul 44

         la-Campagne .
Falaise

7-22 Aug 44

►Falaise Road

7-9 Aug 44

►Quesnay Road

10-11 Aug 44

Clair Tizon

11-13 Aug 44

►The Laison

14-17 Aug 44

►Chambois

18-22 Aug 44

►St. Lambert-sur-

19-22 Aug 44

       Dives

.

Dives Crossing

17-20 Aug 44

Forêt de la Londe

27-29 Aug 44

The Seine, 1944

25-28 Aug 44

Southern France
Southern France

15-28 Aug 44

Channel Ports
Dunkirk, 1944

8-15 Sep 44

Le Havre

1-12 Sep 44

Moerbrugge

8-10 Sep 44

Moerkerke

13-14 Sep 44

Boulogne, 1944

17-22 Sep 44

Calais, 1944

25 Sep-1 Oct 44

Wyneghem

21-22 Sep 44

Antwerp-Turnhout

   24-29 Sep 44

Canal

.

The Scheldt

The Scheldt

1 Oct-8 Nov 44

Leopold Canal

6-16 Oct-44

►Woensdrecht

1-27 Oct 44

Savojaards Platt

9-10 Oct 44

Breskens Pocket

11 Oct -3 Nov 44

►The Lower Maas

20 Oct -7 Nov 44

►South Beveland

 24-31 Oct 44

Walcheren

31 Oct -4 Nov 44

Causeway

.

Nijmegen Salient
Ardennes

Dec 44-Jan 45

Kapelsche Veer

31 Dec 44-

.

21Jan 45

The Roer

16-31 Jan 45

Rhineland
The Rhineland

8 Feb-10 Mar 45

►The Reichswald

8-13 Feb 45

►Waal Flats

8-15 Feb 45

►Moyland Wood

14-21 Feb 45

►Goch-Calcar Road

19-21 Feb 45

►The Hochwald

26 Feb-

.

4 Mar 45

►Veen

6-10 Mar 45

►Xanten

8-9 Mar 45

Final Phase
The Rhine

23 Mar-1 Apr 45

►Emmerich-Hoch

28 Mar-1 Apr 45

Elten

.
►Twente Canal

2-4 Apr 45

Zutphen

6-8 Apr 45

Deventer

8-11 Apr 45

Arnhem, 1945

12-14 Apr 45

Apeldoorn

11-17 Apr 45

Groningen

13-16 Apr 45

Friesoythe

14 Apr 45

►Ijselmeer

15-18 Apr 45

Küsten Canal

17-24 Apr 45

Wagenborgen

21-23 Apr 45

Delfzijl Pocket

23 Apr-2 May 45

Leer

28-29 Apr 45

Bad Zwischenahn

23 Apr-4 May 45

Oldenburg

27 Apr-5 May 45

Korean War
Kapyong

21-25 Apr 51

Domestic Missions

FLQ Crisis

International Missions

ICCS            Vietnam 1973

MFO                 Sinai 1986-

Peacekeeping

UNMOGIP

India 1948-1979

UNTSO

 Israel 1948-    ....

UNEF

Egypt 1956-1967

UNOGIL

Lebanon 1958    ....

ONUC

 Congo 1960-1964

UNYOM

Yemen 1963-1964

UNTEA

W. N. Guinea 1963-1964

UNIFCYP

 Cyprus 1964-    ....

DOMREP

D. Republic 1965-1966

UNIPOM

Kashmir 1965-1966

UNEFME

Egypt 1973-1979

UNDOF

Golan 1974-    ....

UNIFIL

 Lebanon 1978    ....

UNGOMAP

Afghanistan 1988-90

UNIIMOG

Iran-Iraq 1988-1991

UNTAG

Namibia 1989-1990

ONUCA

C. America 1989-1992

UNIKOM

Kuwait 1991    ....

MINURSO

W. Sahara 1991    ....

ONUSAL

El Salvador 1991    ....

UNAMIC

Cambodia 1991-1992

UNAVEM II

Angola 1991-1997

UNPROFOR

Yugosla. 1992-1995

UNTAC

Cambodia 1992-1993

UNOSOM

Somalia 1992-1993

ONUMOZ

Mozambiq. 1993-1994

UNOMUR

 Rwanda 1993    ....

UNAMIR

Rwanda 1993-1996

UNMIH

Haiti 1993-1996

UNMIBH

Bosnia/Herz.1993-1996

UNMOP

Prevlaka 1996-2001

UNSMIH

Haiti 1996-1997

MINUGUA

Guatemala 1994-1997

UNTMIH

Haiti 1997    ....

MIPONUH

 Haiti 1997    ....

MINURCA

C.Afr.Rep. 1998-1999

INTERFET

E. Timor 1999-2000

UNAMSIL

Sie. Leone 1999-2005

UNTAET

E. Timor 1999-2000

Exercises

 

Thiepval

Thiepval was a Battle Honour granted to Canadian units participating in the Battle of Thiepval in September 1916, one of the battles on the Western Front during the First World War.

Background

The Allies had spent 1915 unprofitably, and despite numerical superiority, had been unable to achieve a decisive result in the field. By the end of the year, with German success in Russia and Austria successful in Serbia, the Allies had decided that simultaneous offensives on the Western, Eastern and Italian fronts would be the key to victory. The French and British agreed to launch a simultaneous offensive on the Somme in the middle of 1916. The Germans, however, struck first, at Verdun, and by by 1916 the British offensive on the Somme was a desperate bid to relieve pressure from the hard-pressed French.

July and August 1916 were quiet months for the Canadians in France. While the British Army bled in order to relieve the French (as is well known, the first day of the Somme offensive on 1 July 1916 was inauspicious to say the least, with 57,000 killed or wounded making for the worst single-day loss in the history of the British Army.)1 The scale of the losses was not interpreted as a reason to call off further operations on the Somme. The Battle of Albert continued for twelve days. Other operations followed, in which slow advances with gains of only hundreds of yards were measured.

Allied Offensive 1916

Somme, 1916 – Albert (Beaumont Hamel), 1916 – Bazentin – Pozières – Flers-CourceletteThiepval – Le Transloy –
Ancre HeightsAncre, 1916

In the meantime, Canadians did not prepare to move to the Somme front until late mid-August 1916. The Canadian Corps was optimistic about the move, having grown tired of the dreary conditions of the Ypres Salient which had too many unpleasant memories. They received advanced training in the conduct of attacks and began taking over trenches in early September, followed by their first major action at Flers-Courcelette on 15 September. Morval and Lesboeufs fell on 25 September while Gueudecourt held out an additional day, prompting the Germans to withdraw from Combles. The Morval battle gained a belt of ground 2,000 yards wide on average, necessitating the capture of Thiepval to bring the left flank into line and move the Germans off the Thiepval Ridge. The task fell to the Reserve Army to whom the Canadian Corps belonged.

While officially this phase of fighting is known as the Battle of Thiepval, in actuality it represented an extension of the general assault on the series of German trench lines around Courcelette that had begun on 15 September.2

Thiepval Ridge, 26-28 September

The heights at Thiepval gave the Germans the ability to observe Allied rear areas on the southern slopes leading to Albert, and conversely would permit observation over the valley of the upper Ancre River. For that reason the operation orders emphasized the need to move the enemy off the entire crest line. The 6,000 yard front between Thiepval and Courcelette was split in two. On the left, Lieutenant-General C.W. Jacob's 2nd Corps was assigned notoriously objectives that had held out since the start of the offensive in July. On the right, the Canadian Corps was depending on Jacob's men to take Mouquet Farm, Zollern Redoubt, and Stuff Redoubt on the crest 500 yards further back, yet one more strongpoint anchoring the German Second Position. The overall objective of the 2nd Corps was to assault Thiepval and the Schwaben Redoubt, overlooking the Ancre River from the western edge of the Thiepval Ridge. The Canadians were to attack a spur projecting east from the main ridge.


click to enlarge

Canadian Plan

The 1st Canadian Division was tasked with taking successive trench lines, all of which linked up with redoubts in the 2nd Corps sector. Attacking on the left of the Canadian Corps, the 1st Division was to clear Zollern Graben, Hessian Trench and Regina Trench (and the adjacent Kenora Trench) though the east of Zollern was already in Canadian control and Hessian merged with Regina opposite the centre of the 1st Division's front. The Division was to advance no further due to uncertainty of the condition of German wire. An isolated stretch of Sudbury Trench on the right of the divisional line was also marked as an intermediate objective, described later as among the "deepest and strongest the men had ever seen." The 2nd Division aimed at the branching network of Kenora trench behind Courcelette and out to the Bapaume Road.3

Artillery Preparation

A three day artillery preparation harassed enemy troops. Tear gas was used to silence mortars at Thiepval on 24 September and the Reserve Army attacked with fresh troops at 12:35p.m. on 26 September under warm, sunny skies. At one minute before Zero Hour massed machine guns of the 2nd Corps and the Canadian Corps began overhead fire. Sixty seconds later a barrage from 800 guns, howitzers and mortars provided a barrage of shrapnel and high explosive.

Initial Infantry Attack - 2nd Division

The infantry was organized into two waves, followed by a mopping up party, and then two more waves, at intervals recorded in one battalion of 70-100 yards. The 6th Brigade on the right had rapid success northeast of Courcelette where the 29th Battalion seized enemy front line trenches in just 10 minutes. To their left, the 31st Battalion met heavy small arms fire from the German 72nd Regiment and managed limited gains. On the extreme right of the Canadian Corps front the 28th Battalion was ordered to make a subsidiary attack next to the Bapaume road with the Canadian Corps' two remaining tanks. One broke down before arriving at the start line and the other was set aflame by a German shell exploding its ammunition. The battalion remained in its trenches.

Initial Infantry Attack - 1st Division

The 3rd Brigade occupied the right of the line and sent the 14th and 15th Battalions forward, both meeting heavy shell and machine gun fire. The second wave was caught as they mounted the parapet.

It was a striking demonstration of the improved defensive tactics which the enemy was employing in the later battles of the Somme as he sought an answer to the overwhelming power of the Allied artillery. To escape destruction by our barrage, which was invariably concentrated on known trench lines, forward German troops were ordered to abandon their trenches whenever an assault seemed imminent, and to occupy shell-holes or ditches well in front of where the attacking troops expected to find them. The device was to succeed with heavy cost to the attackers as long as Allied commanders remained wedded to the doctrine of "fire-effect preceding movement" instead of putting into practice some form of "fire-effect ... combined with movement".4

On the 3rd Brigade's right, the 14th Battalion made a rapid advance to Sudbury Trench and took 40 prisoners. Just after 1:00p.m. the battalion was moving up the slope to the eastern end of Kenora Trench to seize its final objective. The 15th Battalion on their left were unable to keep up due to unexpectedly heavy German resistance from strongpoints in No Man's Land. The 31st Battalion, too, was held up particularly on their left flank. The 14th Battalion, exposed on both flanks, came under heavy counter-attack, enfilading machine gun fire and heavy shell fire for the remainder of the day and into the next. The following night they drove off several enemy bombing parties, and by the evening of 27 September Kenora Trench had changed hands twice. Attempts to reinforce the 14th with two companies of the 16th Battalion had been to no avail as the battered remains were required to fall back halfway in the direction of Sudbury Trench. On the afternoon of 26 September, the 15th Battalion managed an advance in open space not covered by Hessian or Kenora trenches, to reach within 150 yards of Regina Trench where they dug themselves in.


Soldiers leaving trenches on the Somme front. (LAC photo)

On the 1st Division's left, the 2nd Brigade under Brigadier-General F.O.W. Loomis was required to advance over the highest part of the Thiepval Ridge. The 5th and 8th Battalions attacked on the right and left respectively, with the 10th Battalion reinforcing each with a company. Heavy machine gun fire from Zollern Redoubt, Stuff Redoubt and the area of Mouquet Farm along with heavy shell fire hampered the attack but the Canadians were not denied. Pockets of resistance remained inside Zollern Trench, preventing it from being completely secured, while the left stretch of Hessian Trench remained in German hands until both were fully cleared the next day up to the corps boundary. On the afternoon of 27 September, German counter-attacks dislodged the Canadians from part of Hessian Trench temporarily.

Continued Attacks 27 September

With results considered successful, the 2nd Corps to the left of the Canadians managed to secure all of Thiepval except for a small corner of the village, as well as the majority of the western half of Zollern Graben. The two corps had been required to make diverging attacks away from each other, creating a gap, and despite his losses, the enemy seemed capable of continued resistance and moreover still occupied commanding high ground on the Thiepval Ridge itself. At 8:45 p.m. on 26 September General Gough ordered the tasks of 26 September to be completed and the Canadian Corps commander directed the 2nd Canadian Division to secure the front line north-east of Courcelette while the 1st Division was to attack Regina Trench to link up with the right of the 2nd Corps.

During the night of 26-27 September the enemy opposite the 2nd Division fell back to Regina Trench. This defence line angled away from the apex of the Canadian salient to link up with the German Third Position about 1500 yards north- west of Le Sars, on the Bapaume road. Thus units and companies of the 6th Brigade were able to make satisfactory gains with relatively little fighting. The 28th Battalion seized German positions west of the Bapaume road (the army boundary), while astride the Dyke road the 27th and 29th Battalions patrolled as far as the North and South Practice Trenches. Between the two Miraumont roads, however, the Germans withdraw only gradually, and under pressure. Not until 8:30 p.m. on the 27th did the 31st Battalion link up with the 3rd Brigade west of the West Miraumont road. On the extreme left the 7th Battalion occupied Hessian Trench, putting in a block at the corps boundary. Opposite the 3rd Brigade, however, the enemy stood firm and his counter-attacks continued on the 27th. This made it impossible for the 1st Division to carry out its assault.5

General Byng, commanding the Canadian Corps, hoped to have both Kenora Trench and Regina Trench in Canadian hands before relieving the 1st Canadian Division with the 2nd Canadian Division. When Kenora Trench was lost early on 27 September for the second time, hope of this occurring dwindled. Brigadier-General Tuxford nonetheless sent his 14th Battalion, under pressure from 1st Division headquarters, to make a final attack at 2:00 a.m. on 28 September. With only 75 men available following 40 hours of continuous fighting, the attack floundered in a sea of mud, rain and enemy flares as it approached the German positions. Hit by flanking fire the assault was called off after half an hour. The 14th Battalion suffered the loss of 10 officers and 360 other ranks during all the Thiepval fighting, and Kenora Trench would remain in enemy hands for five more days while Regina Trench remained in enemy hands until 21 October.

The 2nd Division likewise made attempts to gain ground, and the 26th Battalion launched an attack astride the Courcelette Trench that ran north from the ruins of the village. Two failed attempts to gain Regina Trench were followed by a combined effort by the 24th and 25th Battalions later in the afternoon on the brigade's left, foiled by uncut wire obstacles and heavy machine gun fire.

Final Day: 28 September

The 4th and 5th Brigades entered the right of the Canadian line in a series of reliefs on 28 September while the 8th Brigade replaced the 2nd Brigade on the left, linking up with the 2nd Corps. Early in the day the 19th Battalion advanced up the Dyke road and found the Practice Trenches deserted. They pressed on to the east where fire from Destremont Farm drove them to ground and they established new positions just north of the Bapaume road.

Aftermath

The links on the left with the 2nd Corps did not extend beyond Zollern Trench. General Gough was impatient to reduce Stuff Redoubt and Schwaben Redoubt and a renewed attack at 12:00 p.m. on 29 September by the 11th Division and 3rd Canadian Division east of Stuff Redoubt against German-held areas of Hessian Trench resulted in hand to hand fighting and a gain of 300 yards of trench. Heavy counter-attacks retook ground temporarily and 200 yards still in German hands the next day were taken once again on 30 September by three battalions of the 11th Division. The Germans remained in the northern part of both redoubts.

The Battle of Thiepval Ridge had ended (the official dates for the operation are 26-28 September) though the Reserve Army had failed to capture the north- western tip of the blood-soaked feature. North of the main ridge Regina Trench remained an untaken objective of the Canadian Corps as the month ended. Prompted by the Corps Commander's urgings that "no opportunity for gaining ground was to be lost", General Turner had issued orders on the 29th for the 5th Brigade to seize Kenora Trench and some 1500 yards of the Regina position. Originally planned for the 29th, the operation was twice postponed 24 hours to allow the artillery to deal more effectively with the enemy's defences, and because the 5th Brigade, as reported in appreciations by battalion commanders, was "too exhausted and too few in numbers" (its fighting strength being only 1134).

Across the Reserve Army's front territorial gains had brought a general straightening of the line as had been intended, the greatest progress being on the left, where the 2nd Corps had advanced 2000 yards through Thiepval to Hessian Trench. On General Gough's right, the Fourth Army had taken Destremont Farm and closed on Le Sars (midway between Pozières and Bapaume). The British Commander-in-Chief had handed over Morval on the right of the Fourth Army's line to General Fayolle in order that the French Sixth Army might more easily carry out its next attack. From Combles the French line ran eastward to take in some two miles of the Péronne-Bapaume road before bending back to the south-west to cross the Somme two miles below Péranne.6

Battle Honours

The Battle Honour "Thiepval" was awarded to units for participation in these actions.

Notes

  1. Goodspeed, D.J. The Armed Forces of Canada, 1867-1967: A Century of Achievement (Queen's Printer, Ottawa, ON, 1967) p.39

  2. Marteinson, John. We Stand on Guard: An Illustrated History of the Canadian Army (Ovale Publications, Montreal, PQ, 1992) ISBN 2894290438 p.147

  3. Nicholson, Gerald Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War: Candian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1919 (Duhamel, Queen's Printer and Controller of Stationery, Ottawa, 1964)

  4. Ibid

  5. Ibid

  6. Ibid


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