History

Wars & Campaigns

Boer War
First World War

►►Western Front

►►►Trench Warfare: 1914-1916

►►Allied Offensive: 1916

►►►Allied Offensives: 1917

►►►German Offensive: 1918

►►►Advance to Victory: 1918

►►Siberia
Second World War
►►War Against Japan

►►Italian Campaign

►►►Sicily

►►►Southern Italy

►►►The Sangro and Moro

►►►Battles of the FSSF

►►►Cassino

►►►Liri Valley

►►►Advance to Florence

►►►Gothic Line

►►►Winter Lines
►►North-West Europe

►►►Normandy
►►►Southern France
►►►Channel Ports

►►►Scheldt
►►►Nijmegen Salient

►►►Rhineland

►►►Final Phase
Korean War
Cold War
Gulf War

Operations 

GAUNTLET Aug 1941

(Spitsbergen)

HUSKY Jul 1943

 (Sicily)

COTTAGE Aug 1943

 (Kiska)

TIMBERWOLF Oct 1943

(Italy)

OVERLORD Jun 1944

(Normandy)

MARKET-GARDEN Sep 44

(Arnhem)

BERLIN Nov 1944

(Nijmegen)

VERITABLE Feb 1945

(Rhineland)

Battle Honours

Boer War

►Paardeberg

18 Feb 00

First World War
Western Front
Trench Warfare: 1914-1916

Ypres, 1915

22 Apr-25 May 15

Gravenstafel

22-23 Apr 15

St. Julien

24 Apr-4 May 15

Frezenberg

8-13 May 15

Bellewaarde

24-25 May 15

Festubert, 1915

15-25 May 15

Mount Sorrel

2-13 Jun 16

Allied Offensive: 1916

►Somme, 1916

1 Jul-18 Nov 16

►Albert

.1-13 Jul 16

►Bazentin

.14-17 Jul 16

►Pozieres

.23 Jul-3 Sep 16

►Guillemont

.3-6 Sep 16

►Ginchy

.9 Sep 16

Flers-Courcelette

15-22 Sep 16

Thiepval

26-29 Sep 16

►Le Transloy

. 1-18 Oct 16

Ancre Heights

1 Oct-11 Nov 16

Ancre, 1916

13-18 Nov 16

Allied Offensives: 1917

►Arras 1917

8 Apr-4 May 17

Vimy, 1917

.9-14 Apr 17

Arleux

28-29 Apr 17

►Scarpe, 1917

.3-4 May17

►Hill 70

.15-25 Aug 17

►Messines, 1917

.7-14 Jun 17

►Ypres, 1917

..31 Jul-10 Nov 17

►Pilckem

31 Jul-2 Aug 17

►Langemarck, 1917

.16-18 Aug 17

►Menin Road

.20-25 Sep 17

►Polygon Wood

26 Sep-3 Oct 17

►Broodseinde

.4 Oct 17

►Poelcapelle

.9 Oct 17

►Passchendaele

.12 Oct 17

►Cambrai, 1917

20 Nov-3 Dec 17

German Offensive: 1918

►Somme, 1918

.21 Mar-5 Apr 18

►St. Quentin

.21-23 Mar 18

►Bapaume, 1918

.24-25 Mar 18

►Rosieres

.26-27 Mar 18

►Avre

.4 Apr 18

►Lys

.9-29 Apr 18

►Estaires

.9-11 Apr 18

►Messines, 1918

.10-11 Apr 18

►Bailleul

.13-15 Apr 18

►Kemmel

.17-19 Apr 18

Advance to Victory: 1918

Amiens

8-11 Aug 18

►Arras, 1918

.26 Aug-3 Sep 18

►Scarpe, 1918

26-30 Aug 18.

►Drocourt-Queant

.2-3 Sep 18

►Hindenburg Line

.12 Sep-9 Oct 18

►Canal du Nord

.27 Sep-2 Oct 18

►St. Quentin Canal .29 Sep-2 Oct 18
►Epehy

3-5 Oct 18

►Cambrai, 1918

.8-9 Oct 18

►Valenciennes

.1-2 Nov 18

►Sambre

.4 Nov 18

►Pursuit to Mons .28 Sep-11Nov

Second World War

War Against Japan

South-East Asia

Hong Kong

 8-25 Dec 41

Italian Campaign

Battle of Sicily

Landing in Sicily 

   9-12 Jul 43

Grammichele 

15 Jul 43

Piazza Armerina

16-17 Jul 43

Valguarnera

17-19 Jul 43

Assoro 

  20-22 Jul 43

Leonforte

 21-22 Jul 43

Agira

24-28 Jul 43

Adrano 

29 Jul-7 Aug 43

Catenanuova

29-30 Jul 43

Regalbuto

29 Jul-3 Aug 43

Centuripe

  31 Jul-3 Aug 43

Troina Valley

 2-6 Aug 43

Pursuit to Messina

 2-17 Aug 43

 Southern Italy

Landing at Reggio

 3 Sep 43

Potenza 19-20 Sep 43
Motta Montecorvino 1-3 Oct 43
Termoli 3-6 Oct 43
Monte San Marco 6-7 Oct 43
Gambatesa 7-8 Oct 43
Campobasso 11-14 Oct 43
Baranello 17-18 Oct 43
Colle d'Anchise 22-24 Oct 43
Torella 24-27 Oct 43

The Sangro and Moro

The Sangro

19 Nov-3 Dec 43

Castel di Sangro

.23-24 Nov 43

The Moro

5-7 Dec 43

San Leonardo

8-9 Dec 43

The Gully

..10-19 Dec 43

Casa Berardi

 ..14-15 Dec 43

Ortona

20-28 Dec 43

San Nicola-San

.31 Dec 43

Tommaso

.
Point 59/ 29 Dec 43-

Torre Mucchia

4 Jan 44

Battles of the FSSF
Monte Camino

.5 Nov-9 Dec 43

Monte la Difensa-

2-8 Dec 43

 Monte la Remetanea

.
Hill 720

25 Dec 43

Monte Majo

3-8 Jan 44.

Radicosa

4 Jan 44

Monte Vischiataro

8 Jan 44

Anzio

22 Jan-22 May 44

Rome

.22 May-4 Jun 44

Advance

.22 May-22 Jun 44

to the Tiber

.
►Monte Arrestino

25 May 44

►Rocca Massima

27 May 44

►Colle Ferro

2 Jun 44

Cassino
►Cassino II

11-18 May 44

►Gustav Line

11-18 May 44

►Sant' Angelo in

13 May 44

Teodice

.
►Pignataro

14-15 May 44

Liri Valley
Liri Valley

18-30 May 44

►Hitler Line

18-24 May 44

►Aquino

18-24 May 44

►Melfa Crossing

24-25 May 44

►Ceprano

26-27 May 44

►Torrice Crossroads

30 May 44

Advance to Florence
Advance

17 Jul-10 Aug 44

to Florence

.
Trasimene Line

20-30 Jun 44

Sanfatucchio

20-21 Jun 44

Arezzo

4-17 Jul 44

Cerrone

25 - 31 Aug 44

Gothic Line
►Gothic Line

25 Aug-22 Sep 44

►Monteciccardo

27-28 Aug 44

►Montecchio

30-31 Aug 44

►Point 204 (Pozzo Alto)

31 Aug 44

►Monte Luro

1 Sep 44

►Borgo Santa Maria

1 Sep 44

►Tomba di Pesaro

1-2 Sep 44

►Coriano

3-15 Sep 44

►Lamone Crossing

2-13 Sep 44

Winter Lines
►Rimini Line

14-21 Sep 44

►San Martino-

14-18 Sep 44

San Lorenzo

.
►San Fortunato

18-20 Sep 44

►Casale

23-25 Sep 44

►Sant' Angelo

11-15 Sep 44

 in Salute

.
►Bulgaria Village

13-14 Sep 44

►Cesena

15-20 Sep 44

►Pisciatello

16-19 Sep 44

►Savio Bridgehead

20-23 Sep 44

►Monte La Pieve

13-19 Oct 44

►Monte Spaduro

19-24 Oct 44

►Monte San Bartolo

11-14 Nov 44

►Capture of Ravenna

3-4 Dec 44

►Naviglio Canal

12-15 Dec 44

►Fosso Vecchio

16-18 Dec 44

►Fosso Munio

19-21 Dec 44

►Conventello-

2-6 Jan 45

Comacchio

.
►Granarolo

3-5 Jan 44

Northwest Europe
Dieppe

19 Aug 42

Battle of Normandy
Normandy Landing

6 Jun 44

Authie

7 Jun 44

Putot-en-Bessin

8 Jun 44

Bretteville

8-9 Jun 44

       -l'Orgueilleuse .
Le Mesnil-Patry

11 Jun 44

Carpiquet

4-5 Jul 44

Caen

4-18 Jul 44

The Orne (Buron)

8-9 Jul 44

Bourguébus Ridge

18-23 Jul 44

Faubourg-de-

18-19 Jul 44

       Vaucelles .
St. André-sur-Orne

19-23 Jul 44

Maltôt

22-23 Jul 44

Verrières Ridge-Tilly--

25 Jul 44

         la-Campagne .
Falaise

7-22 Aug 44

►Falaise Road

7-9 Aug 44

►Quesnay Road

10-11 Aug 44

Clair Tizon

11-13 Aug 44

►The Laison

14-17 Aug 44

►Chambois

18-22 Aug 44

►St. Lambert-sur-

19-22 Aug 44

       Dives

.

Dives Crossing

17-20 Aug 44

Forêt de la Londe

27-29 Aug 44

The Seine, 1944

25-28 Aug 44

Southern France
Southern France

15-28 Aug 44

Channel Ports
Dunkirk, 1944

8-15 Sep 44

Le Havre

1-12 Sep 44

Moerbrugge

8-10 Sep 44

Moerkerke

13-14 Sep 44

Boulogne, 1944

17-22 Sep 44

Calais, 1944

25 Sep-1 Oct 44

Wyneghem

21-22 Sep 44

Antwerp-Turnhout

   24-29 Sep 44

Canal

.

The Scheldt

The Scheldt

1 Oct-8 Nov 44

Leopold Canal

6-16 Oct-44

►Woensdrecht

1-27 Oct 44

Savojaards Platt

9-10 Oct 44

Breskens Pocket

11 Oct -3 Nov 44

►The Lower Maas

20 Oct -7 Nov 44

►South Beveland

 24-31 Oct 44

Walcheren

31 Oct -4 Nov 44

Causeway

.

Nijmegen Salient
Ardennes

Dec 44-Jan 45

Kapelsche Veer

31 Dec 44-

.

21Jan 45

The Roer

16-31 Jan 45

Rhineland
The Rhineland

8 Feb-10 Mar 45

►The Reichswald

8-13 Feb 45

►Waal Flats

8-15 Feb 45

►Moyland Wood

14-21 Feb 45

►Goch-Calcar Road

19-21 Feb 45

►The Hochwald

26 Feb-

.

4 Mar 45

►Veen

6-10 Mar 45

►Xanten

8-9 Mar 45

Final Phase
The Rhine

23 Mar-1 Apr 45

►Emmerich-Hoch

28 Mar-1 Apr 45

Elten

.
►Twente Canal

2-4 Apr 45

Zutphen

6-8 Apr 45

Deventer

8-11 Apr 45

Arnhem, 1945

12-14 Apr 45

Apeldoorn

11-17 Apr 45

Groningen

13-16 Apr 45

Friesoythe

14 Apr 45

►Ijselmeer

15-18 Apr 45

Küsten Canal

17-24 Apr 45

Wagenborgen

21-23 Apr 45

Delfzijl Pocket

23 Apr-2 May 45

Leer

28-29 Apr 45

Bad Zwischenahn

23 Apr-4 May 45

Oldenburg

27 Apr-5 May 45

Korean War
Kapyong

21-25 Apr 51

Domestic Missions

FLQ Crisis

International Missions

ICCS            Vietnam 1973

MFO                 Sinai 1986-

Peacekeeping

UNMOGIP

India 1948-1979

UNTSO

 Israel 1948-    ....

UNEF

Egypt 1956-1967

UNOGIL

Lebanon 1958    ....

ONUC

 Congo 1960-1964

UNYOM

Yemen 1963-1964

UNTEA

W. N. Guinea 1963-1964

UNIFCYP

 Cyprus 1964-    ....

DOMREP

D. Republic 1965-1966

UNIPOM

Kashmir 1965-1966

UNEFME

Egypt 1973-1979

UNDOF

Golan 1974-    ....

UNIFIL

 Lebanon 1978    ....

UNGOMAP

Afghanistan 1988-90

UNIIMOG

Iran-Iraq 1988-1991

UNTAG

Namibia 1989-1990

ONUCA

C. America 1989-1992

UNIKOM

Kuwait 1991    ....

MINURSO

W. Sahara 1991    ....

ONUSAL

El Salvador 1991    ....

UNAMIC

Cambodia 1991-1992

UNAVEM II

Angola 1991-1997

UNPROFOR

Yugosla. 1992-1995

UNTAC

Cambodia 1992-1993

UNOSOM

Somalia 1992-1993

ONUMOZ

Mozambiq. 1993-1994

UNOMUR

 Rwanda 1993    ....

UNAMIR

Rwanda 1993-1996

UNMIH

Haiti 1993-1996

UNMIBH

Bosnia/Herz.1993-1996

UNMOP

Prevlaka 1996-2001

UNSMIH

Haiti 1996-1997

MINUGUA

Guatemala 1994-1997

UNTMIH

Haiti 1997    ....

MIPONUH

 Haiti 1997    ....

MINURCA

C.Afr.Rep. 1998-1999

INTERFET

E. Timor 1999-2000

UNAMSIL

Sie. Leone 1999-2005

UNTAET

E. Timor 1999-2000

Exercises

 

International Missions

International Mission is a term used by this website to describe a military operation other than United Nations Peacekeeping or Observer missions undertaken since the end of the Second World War. Some of these operations may be under the auspices of the United Nations, but are not peacekeeping missions. Others have been peacekeeping missions, but not done under UN auspices. Still others have been missions other than peacekeeping under the direction of other alliances, such as NATO. The following 20th Century International Missions had Canadian participation:

  • United Nations Temporary Commission in Korea (UNTCOK) (1947-1948). Canada sent two United Nations military observers (UNMOs) to South Korea to observe and supervise elections.

  • United Nations Command Korea (1950 – 1953). This mission was established under the United Nations Security Council Resolution of 7 Jul 1950. Canada contributed 6,146 personnel from the three elements throughout the mission's duration, making up involvement in the Korean War.

  • International Commission for Supervision and Control (ICSC) (1954-1974). The ICSC was established under the General Agreement of 1954, and was mandated to supervise the withdrawal of French forces and monitor cross-border infiltration in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. The Canadian Forces initially contributed 133 military observers to the mission. This number was reduced to 20 in 1973.

  • International Commision of Control and Supervision (ICCS) – Vietnam (1973-1974). This mission followed the Paris Peace Treaty of 1972, and monitored the cease-fire and return of prisoners in Vietnam. Canada participated in this mission during 1973 and contributed a warship and military observers, totalling 248 personnel.

  • Multinational Force and Observers

  • Observer Team Nigeria (OTN) (1968-1970). The OTN was mandated to ensure the observance of the cease-fire between the Government of Nigeria and Biafran rebels. Canada provided two military observers for the mission.

  • Unified Task Force

  • Office of the Secretary-General in Afghanistan and Pakistan (OSGAP) (15 March 1990-January 1995). Canada contributed one military advisor to OSGAP until 1992.

  • United Nations Observer Group for the Verification of the Elections in Haiti (ONUVEH) (November 1990- February 1991). Canada provided eleven UNMOs to this mission authorized by the UN General Assembly.

  • Operation FRICTION/SCIMITAR/SCALPEL/ACCORD/FLAG (Liberation of Kuwait) (1990-1991). Canada contributed air, naval and medical units, including a field hospital and an infantry unit for security, to the multinational mission in the Arabian Gulf region. Some 6,600 Canadian Forces personnel were deployed in operations before, during and after hostilities. This mission was to force Iraqi forces out of Kuwait under the authority of several UN Security Council Resolutions taken under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. This marked Canada's participation in the Gulf War.

  • European Community Monitor Mission (1991)

  • Maritime Interdiction Force (MIF)– Red Sea (1992). Canada provided one naval vessel with 250 personnel in support of the post-Gulf War embargo of Iraq (Operation Barrier).

  • United Nations Committee of Experts (UNCOE) (1992-1994). At any given time, Canada was providing up to seven legal and military police officers to UNCOE in Operation Justice, to report on the evidence of grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions and other violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia.

  • European Community Monitoring Mission in the Former Yugoslavia (ECMMY) (Jan 1992-Aug 1995). The ECMMY was established to monitor the cease-fire agreed upon in September 1991, and following the signing of a memorandum of understanding between the European Community and the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). Approximately 48 Canadian military personnel participated in the mission as observers and monitors.

  • Haiti Embargo Enforcement (1993-1994). Canada contributed a naval contingent of approximately 250 personnel (Operation Forward Action) in support of UN Security Council resolutions.

  • Military Observer Group Dominican Republic (1994). Canada provided up to 15 observers to this mission, which was sanctioned under Security Council resolution 917.

  • Provision of Humanitarian Aid to Rwanda (1994). Canada provided up to 247 military personnel to this non-UN mission for the purpose of providing medical assistance and potable water to refugees.

  • Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Peacekeeping Mission Vienna-Nagorno-Karabakh (1995-1996). The OSCE mission was mandated to support the peace proposal being negotiated by the Minsk Group (Belarus, Czech Republic, France, Italy, Russia, Sweden, Turkey and the United States) between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed area of Nagorno-Karabakh. Canada contributed three staff officers to the mission (Operation Nylon).

  • NATO Implementation Force (IFOR) (1995-1996). Following UN Security Council Resolution 1031 of 15 December 1995, and pursuant to the Dayton Peace Accords, IFOR was established to take the place of UNPROFOR. Canada contributed 1029 military personnel (Operation Alliance) and participated in this mission throughout its duration.

  • Enforcement of the United Nations Embargo of the Former Republic of Yugoslavia (1993-1996). Acting under authority of UN Security Council Resolutions 713, 757 and 820, Canada provided one frigate with 210 personnel in 1996 for the enforcement of maritime sanctions against the Former Republic of Yugoslavia (Operation SHARPGUARD).

  • Enforcement of the No-Fly Zone over Bosnia-Herzegovina (1993-1995). Canada contributed up to 13 personnel (Operation Deny Flight) in 1995 to serve as crew members aboard Airborne Warning and Control Aircraft (AWACS).

  • Maritime Interdiction Force (MIF) – Arabian Gulf (1995). Canada provided one naval vessel, HMCS Calgary, in support of MIF operations in the Arabian Gulf (Operation TRANQUILITY).

  • African Great Lakes Multinational Force (1996). The Canadian-led Multinational Force was mandated, under Security Council resolution 1080, to facilitate the delivery of humanitarian supplies to the refugees in eastern Zaire by humanitarian agencies, and to facilitate the return of refugees to Rwanda. Canada contributed up to 354 personnel to the mission (Operation Assurance).

  • Sarajevo Airlift (1992-1996). Under the authority of UN Security Council resolutions 981 and 1025, the airlift of humanitarian materiel was provided to Sarajevo. In 1996 Canada contributed CC-130 aircraft and ground crew, numbering approximately 48 personnel, to this mission (Operation Air Bridge).

  • Maritime Interdiction Force (MIF) – Arabian Gulf (1997). Canada contributed one naval vessel, HMCS REGINA, in support of MIF operations in the Arabian Gulf (Operation Prevention).

  • Coalition Deployment to the Arabian Gulf (February 1998). Canada contributed one frigate, HMCS Toronto, and two CC-130 aircraft to the US-led multinational force, which deployed to the Arabian Gulf to force Iraqi compliance with Security Council resolutions.

  • Joint Task Force Central America (JTFCAM) (November-December 1998). In response the humanitarian crisis in Central America caused by Hurricane Mitch, the Canadian Forces deployed the Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) to Honduras provided humanitarian airlift to the region. The Canadian Forces also deployed four CH-146 Griffon helicopters to the relief operation. There were approximately 290 Canadian Forces personnel in theatre at the peak of the operation (Operation Central).

  • Canadian Air Contingent Bosnia-Hercegovina (August-November 1997). As part of the effort to enforce the Dayton Peace Accords, Canada contributed CF-18s and 112 military personnel to provide tactical fighter support to SFOR.

  • Canadian Air Component in MAMDRIM – Op BISON (February 1997 – February 1998). Canada deployed a 14-person Airlift Control Centre (ALCC) to Rimini, Italy, to provide intra-theatre movement for personnel and equipment in support of SFOR in Bosnia. The tasks of the Canadian Component were to provide pre-mission weather/intelligence briefings, flight planning, scheduling, passenger/freight handling and aircraft servicing.

  • Kosovo Diplomatic Observer Mission/Verification Mission (KDOM/KVM) (October 1998 - May 1999). Canada provided 23 personnel to KDOM and KVM, which operated under the auspices of the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe. The purpose of the mission was to assist with the verification of compliance with the October 1998 Holbrooke Agreement. Canadian military personnel deployed to the KVM were withdrawn from the Balkans in May 1999.

  • NATO Extraction Force (December 1998 – April 1999). Canada contributed 58 military personnel to support the establishment and sustainment of the NATO Extraction Force Headquarters in Kumanovo, FYROM. The task force included an airfield engineer flight, a medical and dental team, as well as headquarters staff personnel.

  • Maritime Interdiction Force (MIF) – Arabian Gulf (June 1998 – December 1998). Canada contributed one naval vessel, HMCS OTTAWA, in support of MIF operations in the Arabian Gulf to compel Iraq to comply with the inspection and destruction of its weapons of mass destruction (Operation Mercator).

  • Kosovo Verification Co-ordination Centre (January 1999 – April 1999). The Canadian Forces contributed six military police, one billeting NCM and one staff officer to the Kosovo Verification Co-ordination Centre in Kumanovo, FYROM.

  • Humanitarian Airlift in Support of Kosovar Refugees (April 1999). As part of the humanitarian effort in support of Kosovar refugees in the Balkans, the Canadian Forces provided two CC-130 aircraft and ground support personnel to the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) for the movement of humanitarian material from Norway and Denmark to Albania and Macedonia.

  • Joint Task Force Serdivan (JTFS) (Aug – Oct 1999). In response to the humanitarian disaster resulting from the earthquake in north-western Turkey, the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces deployed the Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART). The DART provided primary medical care and water purification services, along with technical advice in the area of Serdivan. About 200 Canadian Forces personnel participated in the mission. (Operation Torrent)

  • United Nations Mine Action Co-ordination Centre in Kosovo (UNMACC) (Jun 1999 – Dec 1999). One officer and three non-commissioned officers served with the United Nations Mine Action Co-ordination Centre in Kosovo. These personnel returned to Canada when UNMACC's work ceased for the winter months.

  • Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO) – Arabian Gulf (June 1999 – December 1999). Canada contributed one naval vessel, HMCS REGINA, in support of MIO operations in the Arabian Gulf.

  • United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) (April 1991 – December 1999). UNSCOM was charged with the inspection and destruction of Iraq's ballistic missiles as well as its chemical, nuclear and biological facilities. Up to 12 Canadian Forces specialists were authorised to participate in UNSCOM at any given time. In total, Canada contributed over 100 personnel to UNSCOM operations. UNSCOM activities in Iraq were put on hold after air strikes were launched against that country in December 1998. A new organisation, the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) was created on 17 December 1999 by Security Council Resolution 1284 (1999) to take over the duties of UNSCOM. The two Canadian Forces personnel who had been provided to UNSCOM Headquarters in New York were replaced by civilians under UNMOVIC and returned to Canada the spring of 2000.

  • Cambodia Mine Action Centre (CMAC). (1993-June 2000) Canadian Forces members deployed to Cambodia in 1993 to help establish and co-ordinate mine-clearance operations that are now carried out under civilian supervision through CMAC - a United Nations Development Program (UNDP) funded mine-clearance school. (see also UNTAC)

  • NATO Kosovo Force (KFOR). (1999- 2000) Canada's original commitment to the NATO-led KFOR was approximately 1450 personnel, including an infantry battle group, a reconnaissance squadron, eight helicopters and an engineer contingent. A small number of Canadian Forces officers also served in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. In addition, Canadian Forces personnel supported humanitarian efforts in Albania. In November 1999, the Canadian Forces rationalized their contributions to the Balkans by significantly reducing the commitment to KFOR and increasing responsibility in SFOR. (Ops Kinetic, Palladium, Echo)

  • United Nations Interim Administration in Kosovo (UNMIK) (June 1999-Aug 2002). UNMIK was created by Security Council Resolution 1244 (10 June 1999) to assist in the restoration of the social and civil infrastructure, as detailed in the Secretary General's initial report (S/1999/672). Canadian Forces officers were posted to UNMIK to help ensure close coordination between the civilian component and the international security presence (KFOR). (Op Quadrant)


© canadiansoldiers.com 1999-present