The United Nations
Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ) was a United Nations observer
mission involving Canadians established in 1991.
Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ) (December 1992-December
1994). This mission was established under the United Nations
Security Council Resolution 782 (1992) with the mandate to
monitor the cease-fire, and the separation and concentration
of forces. The mission was also aimed at providing security
for UN and NGO activities.
The Mission was
established by Security Council Resolution 782 of 13 October
1992 to monitor and verify the cease-fire, the separation and
concentration of forces, their demobilization and the
collection, storage and destruction of weapons; to monitor and
verify the complete withdrawal of foreign forces; to monitor
and verify the disbanding of private and irregular armed
groups; to authorize security arrangements for vital
infrastructures; to provide security for the United Nations
and other international activities in support of the peace
process, especially in the corridors; to provide technical
assistance and monitor the entire electoral process; to
coordinate and monitor all humanitarian assistance operations,
in particular those related to refugees, internally displaced
persons, demobilized military personnel and the affected local
population and to facilitate the implementation of the general
peace agreement for Mozambique. Upon completion of the task,
the Mission was terminated in January 1995.
The countries of
Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Brazil, Botswana,
Canada, Cape Verde, the People’s Republic of China, the Czech
Republic, Egypt, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Hungary, India,
Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Malaysia, Nepal, the
Kingdom of the Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway,
Pakistan, Portugal, the Russian Federation, Spain, Sri Lanka,
Sweden, Switzerland, Togo, the United States of America,
Uruguay and Zambia provided military observers, police
observers or troops to this Mission.
Canada provided up
to four UN Military Observers to ONUMOZ from Feb 1993 to Dec
1994 (Operation CONSONANCE). Veteran's Affairs Canada states
that up to 15 Canadians served with ONUMOZ at any given time.
service provided entitlement to the ONUMOZ Medal. The
ribbon consisted of a central wide band of UN blue flanked
by two narrow bands of white, representing the Peace, and
two bands in green on the sides, representing the tropical
climate of Mozambique.