Insignia

Rank & Appointment Insignia

Cap Badges

Crowns

Corps & Services 1939-1945

Mounted Units 1939-1945

Collar Badges

1920-1952

 Metal Shoulder Titles

 Slip-On Shoulder Titles 

Buttons 1939-1945

Formation Patches
C.E.F. Troops  
1st Canadian Army

Canadian Military HQ

1st Canadian Corps

2nd Canadian Corps

Atlantic Command

Pacific Command

1st Canadian Division

2nd Canadian Division

3rd Canadian Division

►4th Canadian Division

►5th Canadian Division

6th Canadian Division

7th Canadian Division

8th Canadian Division

1st Armoured Brigade

2nd Armoured Brigade

3rd Armoured Brigade

Misc. & Foreign 1939-45  
Postwar .

Nationality

Miscellaneous Insignia

Good Conduct Chevrons

Instructors Badges

Tank Badges
Lanyards
NCO Corps Badges
Service Chevrons
Wound Stripes
National Insignia

Special Distinctions

 

Lanyards

1940whis.jpg (40319 bytes)Some units of the Canadian Army further distinguished themselves from others in the interwar years by wearing coloured lanyards on the Service Dress Uniform.   During the Second World War, permission was given to units to adopt distinctively coloured lanyards for wear with Battle Dress as well.  Officers were permitted to wear the lanyard attached to a whistle, while Other Ranks' lanyards were, officially, for attaching to the clasp knife.  Not all units adopted special lanyards, and those that did usually relegated them for walking out dress.  Pistols were still secured by plain khaki lanyards in all cases.

Clive Law of Service Publications has managed to get some primary research done and has provided the details of many of the lanyards listed below, based on information found in the National Archives.

Unless otherwise specified, it is presumed that all lanyards listed below were worn on the left shoulder.

Corps Details of Lanyard (if worn)
Royal Canadian Artillery
By tradition, a white lanyard is worn on the right shoulder.  See also specific unit details in table below.  Shoulder title at right is post WW II era. rcalan.jpg (97187 bytes)
Corps of Royal Canadian Engineers None

However, archival documentation does list the Officers and Other Ranks of 2nd Fortress (E & M) Company, RCE wearing a red and blue lanyard

Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps It is possible all Officers and Other Ranks adopted a Dull Cherry lanyard.  Units specifically mentioned in documents in the National Archives as wearing the Dull Cherry lanyard include

No. 10 Detachment, RCAMC
Fort Osborne Military Hospital
No. 12 Detachment, RCAMC
6th Casualty Clearing Station
First Canadian Armoured Division (sic - later renamed Fifth Canadian Armoured Division) units including

  • 7 Light Field Ambulance
  • 13 Light Field Ambulance
  • 24 Light Field Ambulance
  • No. 11 Field Hygiene Section

No. 8 General Hospital, RCAMC (Other Ranks only)
No. 2 Casualty Clearing Station, RCAMC - (Officer and Other Ranks Cherry Red instead of Dull Cherry)
No. 2 Field Ambulance (Officers only) - Red, Gold and Blue

Canadian Dental Corps Officers and Other Ranks - Emerald Green.
Royal Canadian Army Service Corps THE RCASC of First Canadian Armoured Division (sic - later renamed Fifth Canadian Armoured Division) is listed in archival sources as having Officers and Other Ranks wear Navy Blue, White and Gold lanyards.
Canadian Provost Corps Officers and Other Ranks - Red
Canadian Infantry Corps See unit listings below

 

 

Artillery Units Details of Lanyard (if worn)
3rd Searchlight Battery Officers and Other Ranks - Blue, Gold and Red
4th AA Regiment Officers and Other Ranks - Red & Powder Blue
5th (BC) Coastal Brigade Officers - Khaki
Other Ranks - White
Third Canadian Divisional Artillery The units specifically mentioned include

Headquarters, Third Canadian Division Artillery
12 Field Regiment
13 Field Regiment
14 Field Regiment
3 Anti-Tank Regiment
4 Light Anti Aircraft Regiment

Officers and Other Ranks are listed as wearing a red and blue lanyard.

 

Mounted Regiments Details of Lanyard (if worn)
16th/22nd Saskatchewan Horse Officers and Other Ranks - Gold and Blue
17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars The Officers and Other Ranks of the overseas unit (recce unit of the Third Division) are listed as wearing Blue, White and Green lanyards.
18th (Manitoba) Recce Officers and Other Ranks - Primrose Yellow & Lincoln Green rope
19th (Alberta) Dragoons Officers and Other Ranks - Navy Blue, French Grey & Scarlet
Prince Edward Island Light Horse Headquarters Squadron of the overseas unit (serving in First Canadian Armoured Brigade) is listed as having Scarlet and Gold lanyards for all ranks.
Royal Canadian Dragoons The overseas unit (1st Canadian Armoured Car Regiment) is listed as having Scarlet, Blue and Gold lanyards for Officers and Other Ranks.

 

Infantry Regiments
(includes Tank and Armoured Regiments)
Details of Lanyard (if worn)
Algonquin Regiment None
British Columbia Regiment Officers are listed as wearing Rifle Green and Black lanyards while Sergeants are listed as wearing Rifle Green, Black and Silver and "Rank and File" lanyards are listed as Black.

A later description found in the archives lists a "Twisted cord, 1/4" one black and one rifle green" lanyard.
Calgary Highlanders None
Calgary Regiment Officers and Other Ranks of the 14th Canadian Army Tank Regiment is listed as wearing a Light Blue lanyard.
Edmonton Fusiliers
edmfusi.jpg (33493 bytes)

Lanyard of the Edmonton Fusiliers, in the unit colours of grey and maroon.  The listing in the National Archives lists Navy blue, French grey and maroon.

Artifact courtesy of The Calgary Highlanders Museum

48th Highlanders of Canada A Red lanyard was worn by some Officers on the right shoulder.
Fusiliers du St. Laurent Officers and Other Ranks are listed as wearing a Red lanyard.
The Halifax Rifles Officers and Other Ranks of the overseas unit are listed as wearing Black lanyards.
Highland Light Infantry of Canada Regimental pattern lanyards were coloured Cream and Green.
Irish Regiment of Canada Officers and Other Ranks of the overseas unit are listed as wearing Paddy Green lanyards.
Lake Superior Regiment Officers and Other Ranks of the overseas unit are listed as wearing Royal Blue lanyards.
Pictou Highlanders
pictou2.jpg (50088 bytes)

Coloured lanyard in use by Pictou Highlanders officers in early 1944.  Colours unknown.

US Army Signal Corps Photo C1:2/09/099

Princess Louise's Fusiliers Officers and Other Ranks of the overseas unit are listed as wearing Maroon, Green and Gold lanyards.
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
qorlan1.jpg (50066 bytes)

Red single rope whistle cords were worn on the left shoulder by Officers, Warrant Officers and Sergeants.

martin.jpg (85991 bytes)
Regina Rifle Regiment
reglan.jpg (22986 bytes)

Lanyards, when worn, were of single rope design and black in colour. Various types of rope were used in the construction of lanyards, and some were doubled with the addition of slides.

At left, a Black lanyard as worn by the Regina Rifle Regiment.

Artifact courtesy of C. Keith Inches, Curator, Saskatchewan Military Museum.
Photograph by Patrick Yeates.

reglan1.jpg (37735 bytes)
Le Régiment de la Chaudière

Officers and Other Ranks of the overseas unit are listed as wearing Maroon lanyards.  Photo at right is a wartime photo of the CO, Lieutenant Colonel Mathieu, wearing the maroon lanyard. 

chauco.jpg (14670 bytes)
Le Régiment de Quebec Officers and Other Ranks are listed as wearing Maroon lanyards.
Royal Regiment of Canada A wine and blue braided whistle cord/knife lanyard was worn by all ranks of the Royal Regiment of Canada from Lance Corporal on up as a badge of rank.  These coloured lanyards were not worn in the field as was the case in some other units.
Royal Rifles of Canada Officers (only) are listed as wearing Black lanyards.

Royal Winnipeg Rifles

wpglan1.jpg (67028 bytes) Officers wore a black lanyard on the right (not the left, as in other units) shoulder of the Battle Dress Blouse. This lanyard was identical to that worn by the Regina Rifles. wpglan2.jpg (60406 bytes)
St. John Fusiliers Officers and Other Ranks are listed as wearing Maroon lanyards.
Saskatoon Light Infanry Green lanyards were worn. Officers and senior NCO's wore a double lanyard, described by the Saskatchewan Military Museum as worn "around the neck (having) three sliders and split to go into each pocket - - a sort of hangman's noose."  Single rope lanyards were worn by junior NCO's and ORs.
South Alberta Regiment
sarlan.jpg (35231 bytes)

A black and "old gold" (yellow) lanyard was worn on the left shoulder by all ranks of the overseas battalion.

currie1.jpg (38346 bytes)

South Saskatchewan Regiment

A purple and gold rope lanyard was worn, though it is not clear which ranks were authorized to wear them.

Victoria Rifles of Canada Officers (only) are listed as wearing Black lanyards.

 


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