Insignia

Rank & Appointment Insignia

Cap Badges

Crowns

Corps & Services 1939-1945

Mounted Units 1939-1945

Collar Badges

1920-1952

 Metal Shoulder Titles

 Slip-On Shoulder Titles 

Buttons 1939-1945

Formation Patches
C.E.F. Troops  
1st Canadian Army

Canadian Military HQ

1st Canadian Corps

2nd Canadian Corps

Atlantic Command

Pacific Command

1st Canadian Division

2nd Canadian Division

3rd Canadian Division

►4th Canadian Division

►5th Canadian Division

6th Canadian Division

7th Canadian Division

8th Canadian Division

1st Armoured Brigade

2nd Armoured Brigade

3rd Armoured Brigade

Misc. & Foreign 1939-45  
Postwar .

Nationality

Miscellaneous Insignia

Good Conduct Chevrons

Instructors Badges

Tank Badges
Lanyards
NCO Corps Badges
Service Chevrons
Wound Stripes
National Insignia

Special Distinctions

 

Service Chevrons

First World War

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The use of Service Chevrons began in 1918, when the British Army first approved the practice.  The chevrons were awarded for "overseas service", which for Canadian soldiers included the United Kingdom, the European Continent, and Bermuda, though not the United States.  One chevron was awarded for service dating from the day the soldier left Canada, with additional 12 month periods of service recognized by additional chevrons. 

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If the first chevron was earned on or before 31 December 1914, the first chevron the soldier was awarded was red, all other chevrons subsequent were blue, as were all initial chevrons earned after 1 January 1915.

In all cases, the chevrons were 1/4 inch wide, with the arms being 1-1/4 inch long.  They were embroidered onto khaki serge matching the Service Dress uniform and worn so that the apex of the lowest chevron was 4 inches from the bottom edge of the right sleeve.

The issue of Service Chevrons ceased after the First World War.

Second World War


Major R.F. Routh, the first Commanding Officer of the S-14 Canadian Parachute Training School (Canadian Army Training Centres and Schools), in front of the 250-foot High Tower, Camp Shilo, Manitoba, Canada, 11 August 1943. He wears the first pattern of service chevron on his Khaki Drill uniform jacket, on the left sleeve, per regulations.

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US Army Signal Corps Photo C1:2/09/099

Officers of the Pictou Highlanders wearing the service chevrons in early 1944, as they wait in Virginia to be embarked on the troopship that will take them to England.

Service Chevrons were revived in the Second World War, being introduced in December of 1942. At first, they were restricted to officers and men of the Active Army except those serving in UK or in "theaters of war."  It was not until 1944 that the restriction against wearing them in the United Kingdom was removed.

Initially, one black chevron was awarded for each complete year of continuous  service after 10 September 1939. Personnel who joined the CASF on or before 10 September 1940 were permitted to wear a silver chevron in addition to, and underneath, any other black chevrons granted. The chevrons were to be worn pointed upwards on the left forearm of BD Blouses, SD and KD Jackets, summer worsted and drab serge open collar jackets (only). The point of the lowest chevron was to be 5 1/2 inches from the bottom of the sleeve, or immediately above any rank or Good Conduct badges worn on the forearm.

 

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Further orders changed these regulations dramatically. Soldiers in the UK and overseas war theatres were no longer prevented from wearing the chevrons (which had changed from black to red). Silver chevrons were no longer granted in addition to other chevrons earned; rather those who joined in the first year of the war were entitled to have their first chevrons in silver, with subsequent chevrons in red. The chevrons were moved from the left forearm to the right, with the point of the lowest chevron changed from 5-1/2 to 4 inches avove the bottom of the sleeve (or immediately above the point of the cuff where worn).  The silver chevrons issued are actually in white thread.

The wearing of service chevrons earned in the First World War was prohibited in 1941, with the exception of Veterans Guard personnel.   The prohibition order was later changed to include all members of the Active Army.

At right, a corporal of the Veteran's Guard of Canada, photographed in 1942.  He is wearing his First World War Service Chevrons on the right sleeve of his Battle Dress.  Note his World War One ribands worn on his uniform as well.

National Geographic Society photo (J. Baylor Roberts)


Post-1945
 
 

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The following information comes from an article by Lou Grimshaw in the Military Collector's Club of Canada Journal, Spring 1997issue, via Ed Storey.

Postwar chevrons were authorized in 1955 and remained in effect until 1968.  They were gray on a drab background and issued in one, two, three, four and five bar chevrons plus a circular  Maple Leaf badge.  Stems on the maple leaf badges pointed both left and right depending on the badge, there was no significance to the direction.

Orders did not specify if the chevrons were worn point up or point down, and the Ordnance Catalogue shows them in both directions. 

The chevrons were only worn by Officers and Other Ranks of the Militia, not by members of the Regular Force.   The wearing of these was permissive rather than mandatory.

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Artifacts and photo courtesy Ed Storey

A chevron was worn for every two years of service provided all required training and duties were complete.   The Maple Leaf was worn with the five bar chevron indicating 10 years of service.  Nothing was awarded after that as apparently the Canadian Forces Decoration (CD) represented 12 years of service and good conduct and would have recognized the next two year increment.

Qualifying service in any component of the Canadian Armed Forces, except Regular Reserve, Supplementary Reserve and Reserve Militia, also included service in any active capacity of the reserves of the RCN and RCAF, or service with the regular and territorial forces of any Commonwealth Country.

It was up to the Commanding Officer to determine qualifying service from whatever sources were available and publish the entitlement in Part 2 Orders.

Artifacts and photo courtesy Ed Storey

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