Organization

Canadian Army

Domestic Military Organization

Headquarters

Militia HQ

Canadian Forces HQ

National Defence HQ (NDHQ)

Political Institutions

Dept. of Militia & Defence

►►Minister of Militia & Defence

►►Militia Council

Department of National Defence

►►Minister of National Defence

►►Chiefs of Staff Committee

Reorganizations

1902-1904 Dundonald Reforms
1920 Otter Committee
1936 Reorganization
1954 Kennedy Board
1957 Anderson Report
1964 Suttie Commission
1968 Unification
1995 Special Commission

Organizational Corps/Branches

1900-1968 Organizational Corps
1968-2000 Branches

Field Forces

1914-1919  

Canadian Expeditionary Force
CEF Regional Affiliations

Territorial Reinforcement Regts.

1919

Canadian Siberian Exped Force

1939-1940 (1945) 

Canadian Active Service Force

1945

Canadian Army Pacific Force

1950-1953

Canadian Army Special Force

Field Force Formations

1914-1918  
Canadian Corps
1st Div | 2nd Div | 3rd Div | 4th Div 5th Div
1939-1945

1st Canadian Army

1st Canadian Corps

2nd Canadian Corps

Atlantic Command

Pacific Command
1st Infantry Division
2nd Infantry Division

3rd Infantry Division

4th (Armoured) Division
5th (Armoured) Division
6th Division 

7th Division 

8th Division 
1st Armoured Brigade
2nd Armoured Brigade
3rd Armoured Brigade
3rd Tank Brigade

 1950-1953
1 Com Div | 25 Inf Bde

Foreign Headquarters

Allied Forces HQ (AFHQ)

►►15th Army Group

►►►8th Army

SHAEF

►►21st Army Group

►►►2nd British Army

Special Forces

1st Canadian Para Battalion

First Special Service Force

Pacific Coast Militia Rangers

Canadian Rangers

Special Air Service (SAS) Coy

The Canadian Airborne Regt

Organizational Formations

Reserve Bdes - 1941-1945

13 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

14 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

27th Canadian Brigade

1 CMBG

2 CMBG

3 CMBG

4 CMBG

5 CMBG

1st Cdn Division (1954-1958)

1st Cdn Division (1988-2000)

Special Service Force

Auxiliary Services
Alliances

1914-1918 Triple Alliance
1939-1945 Allies
1949-1999 NATO

Veteran's Organizations

Defence Associations

Canadian Cavalry Association
Canadian Infantry Association
Intelligence Branch Association

National Defence Emp Assoc
RCAC (Cavalry)
RCA Association
RCOC Association
Union of Nat Def Employees

Veteran's Associations

ANAVETS
Royal Canadian Legion

Supplementary Order of Battle

Unit Listings by year

1900 | 1901 | 1902 | 1903 | 1904
1905 | 1906 | 1907 | 1908 | 1909
1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914
1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924
1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934
1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944
1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949
1950 | 1951 | 1952 | 1953 | 1954
1955 | 1956 | 1957 | 1958 | 1959
1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964
1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969
1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974
1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979
1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984
1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989
1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994
1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999

Unit Listings by Corps/Branch

Armoured Units 1940-1945

Cdn Dental Corps 1939-1945
Cdn Intelligence Corps 1942-45

Cdn Provost Corps 1940-1945

Infantry Battalions 1939-1945

RCOC 1939-1945

2nd Canadian Division

The 2nd Canadian Division refers to two organizations raised during the 20th Century. The first formation so designated was a fully manned and equipped combat division which formed the initial contribution of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. A second iteration was raised for the Second World War, and served in combat from Jul 1944 to May 1945 as part of II Canadian Corps. This article refers to the First World War division.

Order of Battle

4th Canadian Brigade
(Formed after the original 4th Brigade was broken up.)

18th Battalion (Western Ontario) 1 Oct 1914 - 11 Nov 1918
19th Battalion (Central Ontario) 19 Oct 1914 - 11 Nov 1918
20th Battalion (Central Ontario) Oct 1914 - 11 Nov 1918
21st Battalion (Eastern Ontario) 19 Oct 1914 - 11 Nov 1918

5th Canadian Brigade

22nd Battalion (Canadien-Francais)  21 Oct 1914 - 11 Nov 1918
24th Battalion (Victoria Rifles of Canada)  22 Oct 1914 - 11 Nov 1918
25th Battalion (Nova Scotia Rifles) 28 Oct 1914 - 11 Nov 1918
26th Battalion (New Brunswick) 2 Nov 1914 - 11 Nov 1918

6th Canadian Brigade

 27th Battalion (City of Winnipeg) 21 Oct 1914 - 11 Nov 1918
28th Battalion (Northwest) 19 Oct 1914 - 11 Nov 1918
29th Battalion (Vancouver) 24 Oct 1914 - 11 Nov 1918
31st Battalion (Alberta) 16 Nov 1914 - 11 Nov 1918

Divisional Units

Units of the Royal Field Artillery, British Army, served under the 2nd Canadian Division until January 1916 when they were assigned to the 55th (British) Division.

Divisional Artillery (1915)

The following units of the Royal Field Artillery, British Army, served under the 2nd Canadian Division until January 1916:

1st West Lancashire Brigade

  • 1st Battery Lancashire Battery
  • 2nd Battery Lancashire Battery
  • 3rd Battery Lancashire Battery

2nd West Lancashire Brigade

  • 9th Battery Lancashire Battery
  • 10th Battery Lancashire Battery
  • 11th Battery Lancashire Battery

3rd West Lancashire Brigade

  • 12th Battery Lancashire Battery
  • 13th Battery Lancashire Battery
  • 14th Battery Lancashire Battery

4th West Lancashire (Howitzer) Brigade

  • 7th Lancashire (Howitzer) Battery
  • 8th Lancashire (Howitzer) Battery

Divisional Artillery (1916-1918)

5th Brigade Canadian Field Artillery

  • 17th Field Battery
  • 18th Field Battery
  • 20th Field Battery
  • 23rd Howitzer Battery

6th Brigade Canadian Field Artillery

  • 15th Field Battery
  • 16th Field Battery
  • 25th Field Battery
  • 22nd Howitzer Battery

Divisional Units

  • 2nd Division Ammunition Column
  • 2nd Brigade Canadian Engineers
  • 4th, 5th and 6th Battalions
  • 2nd Divisional Signal Company

Canadian Machine Gun Corps
 

4th Canadian Machine Gun Company
5th Canadian Machine Gun Company
6th Canadian Machine Gun Company
14th Canadian Machine Gun Company

In early 1918, infantry machine gun companies were consolidated into Machine Gun Battalions, one per division. At first the battalion had three companies, and in May 1918 this increased to four, with a total complement of 96 Vickers Guns. The 2nd Canadian Machine Gun Battalion was formed for this division.

Militia Regiment Parentage

The following is a list of the Militia Regiments in Canada that provided soldiers for the numbered infantry battalions.

4th Canadian Infantry Brigade 18th Battalion (Western Ontario) 21st Regiment (Essex Fusiliers)
24th Kent Regiment
25th Regiment
19th Battalion (Central Ontario) 91st Regiment (Canadian Highlanders)
20th Battalion (Central Ontario) 12th Regiment (York Rangers)
20th Regiment (Halton Rifles)
23rd Regiment (Northern Fusiliers)
31st Regiment (Grey Regiment)
34th Regiment (Ontario Regiment)
35th Regiment (Simcoe Foresters)
36th Regiment (Peel Regiment)
37th Regiment (Dufferin Rifles)
39th Regiment (Haldimand Rifles)
44th Regiment (Lincoln and Welland)
77th Regiment (Wentworth)
97th Regiment (Algonquin Rifles)
21st Battalion (Eastern Ontario) 14th Regiment (The Princess Of Wales' Own Rifles)
15th Regiment (Argyll Light Infantry)
16th Prince Edward Regiment
42nd Lanark and Renfrew Regiment
49th Regiment (Hastings Rifles)
59th Stormont and Glengarry Regiment
5th Canadian Infantry Brigade 22nd Battalion (Canadien-Francais) None
24th Battalion (Victoria Rifles of Canada) 3rd Regiment (Victoria Rifles of Canada)
25th Battalion (Nova Scotia Rifles) 68th Regiment
76th Colchester and Hants Regiment
26th Battalion (New Brunswick) 62nd Regiment (St. John Fusiliers)
6th Canadian Infantry Brigade  27th Battalion (City of Winnipeg) 99th Manitoba Rangers
28th Battalion (Northwest) 60th Rifles of Canada
95th Saskatchewan Rifles
29th Battalion (Vancouver) 6th Regiment (The Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles)
31st Battalion (Alberta) various Alberta units

Battles and Engagements

  • France and Flanders
  • Actions of the St. Eloi Craters. 27 Mar-16 Apr 1916.
  • Battle of Mount Sorrel. 2-13 Jun 1916.
  • Battle of Flers - Courcelette. 15-22 Sep 1916.
  • Battle of Thiepval. 26-28 Sep 1916.
  • Battle of Le Transloy. 1-18 Oct 1916.
  • Battle of the Ancre Heights. 1 Oct-11 Nov 1916.
  • Battle of Vimy. 9-14 Apr 1917.
  • Attack on La Coulotte. 23 Apr 1917.
  • Battle of Arleux. 28-29 Apr 1917.
  • Third Battle of the Scarpe. 3-4 May 1917.
  • Battle of Hill 70. 15-25 Aug 1917.
  • Second Battle of Passchendaele. 26 Oct-10 Nov 1917.
  • First Battle of Arras. 28 Mar 1918.
  • Battle of Amiens. 8-11 Aug 1918.
  • Actions round Damery. 15-17 Aug 1918.
  • Battle of the Scarpe. 26-30 Aug 1918.
  • Battle of Cambrai. 8-9 Oct 1918.
  • The Pursuit to the Selle. 9-12 Oct 1918.
  • Passage of the Grande Honelle. 5-7 Nov 1918.

Commanders

  • Major General S.B. Steele, CB, MVO (25 May 1915 - 16 Aug 1915)
  • Major General R.E.W. Turner, VC, CB, DSO (17 Aug 1915 - 26 Nov 1916)
  • Major General Sir H.E. Burstall, KCB, CMG (15 Dec 1916 - 22 May 1919)

Major General Sam Steele had enjoyed a long career with the North West Mounted Police and seen action in the Red River Expedition in 1870, the North-West Rebellion of 1885, and the Boer War. At the start of the First World War, he was rejected for military service due to his age, but a compromise was later made allowing him to command the division in England. He was replaced by Major General Turner in Aug 1915.

Insignia

Beginning in mid-1916, the Division adopted a system of coloured Battle Patches which were worn on both sleeves of the Service Dress jacket as well as the greatcoat. A rectangle 2 inches tall by 3 inches wide in dark blue was adopted to distinguish the 2nd Division from other formations of the Canadian Corps. Coloured geometric shapes used in combination with the divisional patch distinguished individual formations, units and sub-units within the division. The markings were also seen painted on steel helmets, vehicles and used as road signs. The diagram below is a representative list only.


canadiansoldiers.com 1999-present