Organization

Canadian Army

Domestic Military Organization

Headquarters

Militia HQ

Canadian Forces HQ

National Defence HQ (NDHQ)

Political Institutions

Dept. of Militia & Defence

►►Minister of Militia & Defence

►►Militia Council

Department of National Defence

►►Minister of National Defence

►►Chiefs of Staff Committee

Reorganizations

1902-1904 Dundonald Reforms
1920 Otter Committee
1936 Reorganization
1954 Kennedy Board
1957 Anderson Report
1964 Suttie Commission
1968 Unification
1995 Special Commission

Organizational Corps/Branches

1900-1968 Organizational Corps
1968-2000 Branches

Field Forces

1914-1919  

Canadian Expeditionary Force
CEF Regional Affiliations

Territorial Reinforcement Regts.

1919

Canadian Siberian Exped Force

1939-1940 (1945) 

Canadian Active Service Force

1945

Canadian Army Pacific Force

1950-1953

Canadian Army Special Force

Field Force Formations

1914-1918  
Canadian Corps
1st Div | 2nd Div | 3rd Div | 4th Div 5th Div
1939-1945

1st Canadian Army

1st Canadian Corps

2nd Canadian Corps

Atlantic Command

Pacific Command
1st Infantry Division
2nd Infantry Division

3rd Infantry Division

4th (Armoured) Division
5th (Armoured) Division
6th Division 

7th Division 

8th Division 
1st Armoured Brigade
2nd Armoured Brigade
3rd Armoured Brigade
3rd Tank Brigade

 1950-1953
1 Com Div | 25 Inf Bde

Foreign Headquarters

Allied Forces HQ (AFHQ)

►►15th Army Group

►►►8th Army

SHAEF

►►21st Army Group

►►►2nd British Army

Special Forces

1st Canadian Para Battalion

First Special Service Force

Pacific Coast Militia Rangers

Canadian Rangers

Special Air Service (SAS) Coy

The Canadian Airborne Regt

Organizational Formations

Reserve Bdes - 1941-1945

13 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

14 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

27th Canadian Brigade

1 CMBG

2 CMBG

3 CMBG

4 CMBG

5 CMBG

1st Cdn Division (1954-1958)

1st Cdn Division (1988-2000)

Special Service Force

Auxiliary Services
Alliances

1914-1918 Triple Alliance
1939-1945 Allies
1949-1999 NATO

Veteran's Organizations

Defence Associations

Canadian Cavalry Association
Canadian Infantry Association
Intelligence Branch Association

National Defence Emp Assoc
RCAC (Cavalry)
RCA Association
RCOC Association
Union of Nat Def Employees

Veteran's Associations

ANAVETS
Royal Canadian Legion

Supplementary Order of Battle

Unit Listings by year

1900 | 1901 | 1902 | 1903 | 1904
1905 | 1906 | 1907 | 1908 | 1909
1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914
1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924
1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934
1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944
1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949
1950 | 1951 | 1952 | 1953 | 1954
1955 | 1956 | 1957 | 1958 | 1959
1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964
1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969
1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974
1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979
1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984
1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989
1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994
1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999

Unit Listings by Corps/Branch

Armoured Units 1940-1945

Cdn Dental Corps 1939-1945
Cdn Intelligence Corps 1942-45

Cdn Provost Corps 1940-1945

Infantry Battalions 1939-1945

RCOC 1939-1945

3rd Canadian Division

The 3rd Canadian Division refers to three organizations raised by the Canadian Army during the 20th Century.

  • 3rd Canadian Division

  • 3rd Canadian Infantry Division (Second World War)

  • 3rd Canadian Division (CAOF)

The first formation so designated was a fully manned and equipped combat division which operated as part of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. The Division distinguished itself in several hard fought campaigns, and was disbanded at the end of the First World War. A second iteration was raised for the Second World War, and served in II Canadian Corps. A duplicate division was raised for duty with the Canadian Army Occupation Force in 1945. This article deals with the First World War formation which served in the Canadian Corps.

The Division was formed in France in Dec 1915, and served in France and Flanders until the Armistice. The Division originally fought under the command of Major-General M.S. Mercer, who became the highest ranking Canadian officer killed in action in the First World War. Brigadier V. A. Williams, commanding the 8th Brigade, became the highest ranking Canadian officer captured in the First World War, also at Ypres. Mercer was replaced by Louis Lipsett, who was also killed in action.

Order of Battle

7th Canadian Brigade

Royal Canadian Regiment Dec 1915 - 11 Nov 1918
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 24 Dec 1915 - 11 Nov 1918
42nd (Royal Highlanders) Battalion Dec 1915 - 11 Nov 1918
49th (Edmonton) Battalion Dec 1915 - 11 Nov 1918

8th Canadian Brigade

1st Bn Canadian Mounted Rifles Dec 1915 - 11 Nov 1918
2nd Bn Canadian Mounted Rifles Dec 1915 - 11 Nov 1918
4th Bn Canadian Mounted Rifles Dec 1915 - 11 Nov 1918
5th Bn Canadian Mounted Rifles Dec 1915 - 11 Nov 1918

9th Canadian Brigade
(Joined the Division in Jan 1916)

43rd (Cameron Highlanders) Battalion Jan 1916 - 11 Nov 1918
52nd (North Ontario) Battalion Jan 1916 - 11 Nov 1918
58th (Central Ontario) Battalion Jan 1916 - 11 Nov 1918
60th (Victoria Rifles) Battalion. Disbanded. Jan 1916 - 30 Apr 1917
116th (Ontario County Infantry) Battalion Apr 1917 - 11 Nov 1918

9th Brigade Canadian Field Artillery

  • 31st Field Battery
  • 33rd Field Battery
  • 45th Field Battery
  • 36th Howitzer Battery

10th Brigade Canadian Field Artillery

  • 38th Field Battery
  • 39th Field Battery
  • 40th Field Battery
  • 35th Howitzer Battery

 Divisional Units

  • 3rd Division Ammunition Column
  • 3rd Brigade Canadian Engineers
    • 7th, 8th and 9th Battalions
  • 3rd Divisional Signal Company
  • 3rd Canadian Pioneer Battalion. 8 Jan 1916 - May 1917 (Disbanded)
  • 123rd Canadian Pioneer Battalion. Mar 1917 - Jun 1918 (Moved to 3rd Canadian Engineer Brigade.)

Canadian Machine Gun Corps

7th Machine Gun Company
8th Machine Gun Company
9th Machine Gun Company
15th Machine Gun Company

In early 1918, infantry machine gun companies were consolidated into Machine Gun Battalions, one per division. At first the battalion had three companies, and in May 1918 this increased to four, with a total complement of 96 Vickers Guns. The 3rd Canadian Machine Gun Battalion was formed for the 3rd Division.

Militia Regiment Parentage

The following is a list of the Militia Regiments in Canada that provided soldiers for the numbered infantry battalions.

7th Canadian Brigade Royal Canadian Regiment Prewar Regular unit
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry Privately raised
42nd (Royal Highlanders) Battalion 5th Regiment (Royal Highlanders of Canada)
49th (Edmonton) Battalion 101st Regiment (Edmonton Fusiliers)
8th Canadian Brigade 1st Bn Canadian Mounted Rifles 22nd Saskatchewan Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
2nd Bn Canadian Mounted Rifles 30th Regiment (British Columbia Horse)
21st Alberta Hussars
4th Bn Canadian Mounted Rifles Governor General's Body Guard
9th Mississauga Horse
5th Bn Canadian Mounted Rifles 7th Hussars
XI Hussars
27th Light Horse
9th Canadian Brigade 43rd (Cameron Highlanders) Battalion 79th Cameron Highlanders of Canada
52nd (North Ontario) Battalion 96th The Lake Superior Regiment
58th (Central Ontario) Battalion 10th Regiment (Royal Grenadiers)
60th (Victoria Rifles) Battalion. Disbanded. 3rd Regiment (Victoria Rifles of Canada)
116th (Ontario County Infantry) Battalion 34th Ontario Regiment

Battles and Engagements

  • France and Flanders

  • Battle of Mount Sorrel. 2-13 Jun 1916.

  • Battle of Flers - Courcelette. 15-22 Sep 1916.

  • Battle of Thiepval. 26-28 Sep 1916.

  • Battle of Le Transloy. 1-18 Oct 1916.

  • Ancre Heights 1 -11 Oct 1916.

  • Vimy 9-14 Apr 1917.

  • Attack on La Coulotte. 23 Apr 1917.

  • Third Battle of the Scarpe. 3-4 May 1917.

  • Affairs South of the Souchez River. 3-25 Jun 1917.

  • Capture of Avion. 26-29 Jun 1917.

  • Hill 70 15-25 Aug 1917.

  • Passchendaele 26 Oct-10 Nov 1917.

  • Amiens 8-11 Aug 1918.

  • Actions around Damery. 15-17 Aug 1918.

  • Battle of the Scarpe. 26-30 Aug 1918, including the capture of Monchy le Preux.

  • Canal Du Nord 27 Sep-1 Oct 1918, including the capture of Bourlon Wood.

  • Battle of Cambrai. 8-9 Oct 1918, including the Capture of Cambrai.

  • Valenciennes 1-2 Nov 1918.

  • Pursuit to Mons 11 Nov 1918.

Commanders

  • Major General M.S. Mercer, CB (24 Dec 1915 - 2 Jun 1916)

  • Major General L.J. Lipsett, CB, CMG (16 Jun 1916 - 12 Sep 1918)

  • Major General F.O.W. Loomis, CB, CMG, DSO (13 Sep 1918 - 11 Apr 1919)

Insignia

Beginning in mid-1916, the Division adopted a system of coloured Battle Patches which were worn on both sleeves of the Service Dress jacket as well as the greatcoat. A rectangle 2 inches tall by 3 inches wide in black was adopted to distinguish the 3rd Division from other formations of the Canadian Corps. In short order the colour was changed to French Grey. Coloured geometric shapes used in combination with the divisional patch distinguished individual formations, units and sub-units within the division. The markings were also seen painted on steel helmets, vehicles and used as road signs. The diagram below is a representative list only.

 


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