Organization

Canadian Army

Domestic Military Organization

Headquarters

Militia HQ

Canadian Forces HQ

National Defence HQ (NDHQ)

Political Institutions

Dept. of Militia & Defence

►►Minister of Militia & Defence

►►Militia Council

Department of National Defence

►►Minister of National Defence

►►Chiefs of Staff Committee

Reorganizations

1902-1904 Dundonald Reforms
1920 Otter Committee
1936 Reorganization
1954 Kennedy Board
1957 Anderson Report
1964 Suttie Commission
1968 Unification
1995 Special Commission

Organizational Corps/Branches

1900-1968 Organizational Corps
1968-2000 Branches

Field Forces

1914-1919  

Canadian Expeditionary Force
CEF Regional Affiliations

Territorial Reinforcement Regts.

1919

Canadian Siberian Exped Force

1939-1940 (1945) 

Canadian Active Service Force

1945

Canadian Army Pacific Force

1950-1953

Canadian Army Special Force

Field Force Formations

1914-1918  
Canadian Corps
1st Div | 2nd Div | 3rd Div | 4th Div 5th Div
1939-1945

1st Canadian Army

1st Canadian Corps

2nd Canadian Corps

Atlantic Command

Pacific Command
1st Infantry Division
2nd Infantry Division

3rd Infantry Division

4th (Armoured) Division
5th (Armoured) Division
6th Division 

7th Division 

8th Division 
1st Armoured Brigade
2nd Armoured Brigade
3rd Armoured Brigade
3rd Tank Brigade

 1950-1953
1 Com Div | 25 Inf Bde

Foreign Headquarters

Allied Forces HQ (AFHQ)

►►15th Army Group

►►►8th Army

SHAEF

►►21st Army Group

►►►2nd British Army

Special Forces

1st Canadian Para Battalion

First Special Service Force

Pacific Coast Militia Rangers

Canadian Rangers

Special Air Service (SAS) Coy

The Canadian Airborne Regt

Organizational Formations

Reserve Bdes - 1941-1945

13 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

14 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

27th Canadian Brigade

1 CMBG

2 CMBG

3 CMBG

4 CMBG

5 CMBG

1st Cdn Division (1954-1958)

1st Cdn Division (1988-2000)

Special Service Force

Auxiliary Services
Alliances

1914-1918 Triple Alliance
1939-1945 Allies
1949-1999 NATO

Veteran's Organizations

Defence Associations

Canadian Cavalry Association
Canadian Infantry Association
Intelligence Branch Association

National Defence Emp Assoc
RCAC (Cavalry)
RCA Association
RCOC Association
Union of Nat Def Employees

Veteran's Associations

ANAVETS
Royal Canadian Legion

Supplementary Order of Battle

Unit Listings by year

1900 | 1901 | 1902 | 1903 | 1904
1905 | 1906 | 1907 | 1908 | 1909
1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914
1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924
1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934
1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944
1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949
1950 | 1951 | 1952 | 1953 | 1954
1955 | 1956 | 1957 | 1958 | 1959
1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964
1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969
1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974
1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979
1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984
1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989
1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994
1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999

Unit Listings by Corps/Branch

Armoured Units 1940-1945

Cdn Dental Corps 1939-1945
Cdn Intelligence Corps 1942-45

Cdn Provost Corps 1940-1945

Infantry Battalions 1939-1945

RCOC 1939-1945

1st Commonwealth Division

The 1st Commonwealth Division was the formation of the British Army in which Commonwealth troops served during the Korean War as part of the United Nations forces in Korea. The formation was designated as such in Jul 1951. As a multi-national division, combat arms and service units from different nations participated, and Canadian involvement included an entire combat brigade as well as divisional support units.

The division was preceded by the British Army's 27th Infantry Brigade, which was the initial formation of Commonwealth land forces in Korea. The brigade arrived in August 1950; the first Canadian troops in Korea, the 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI), joined the brigade in Feb 1951. After the intervention of China in the Korean War, both the Commonwealth forces and the Canadian contribution were increased, with the increase to a division sized force, and the addition of two more Canadian infantry battalions as well as a squadron of armour, creating the 25th Canadian Brigade.

Other Commonwealth forces included troops from Australia, New Zealand and India.

The division was deactivated in 1954 as part of the demobilisation of forces in Korea after the end of hostilities and a period of occupation duty.

General Officers Commanding

  • Major General James Cassels, 28 Jul 28 1951 - 7 Sept 1952

  • Major General Michael Alston-Roberts-West, 7 Sep 1952 - 1953

Brigadier, Royal Artillery

  • Brigadier William Pike Jul 1951-1952

  • Brigadier G. Gregson 1952

Order of Battle

  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company 1st Commonwealth Division

25th Canadian Infantry Brigade

See page on 25th Canadian Brigade
 

28th British Commonwealth Infantry Brigade

  • 1st Battalion, The King's Own Scottish Borderers, July 1951-August 1952

  • 1st Battalion, The King's Own Shropshire Light Infantry, July 1951-September 1952

  • 1st Battalion, The Royal Fusiliers, August 1952-July 1953

  • 1st Battalion, The Durham Light Infantry, September 1952-July 1953

  • 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (3 RAR), September 1950-July 1953

  • 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1 RAR), June 1952-March 1953

  • 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment](2 RAR), April 1953-July 1953

29th British Infantry Brigade

  • 1st Battalion, The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, July 1951-October 1951

  • 1st Battalion, The Gloucestershire Regiment, July 1951-November 1951

  • 1st Battalion, The Royal Ulster Rifles, July 1951-October 1951

  • 1st Battalion, The Royal Norfolk Regiment, October 1951-September 1952

  • 1st Battalion, The Leicestershire Regiment, October 1952-June 1952

  • 1st Battalion, The Welch Regiment, November 1951-November 1952

  • 1st Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment), June 1952-July 1953

  • 1st Battalion, The King's Regiment (Liverpool), September 1952-July 1953

  • 1st Battalion, The Duke of Wellington's Regiment, September 1952-July 1953

  • 1st Battalion, The Royal Scots, July 1953

Divisional Signals

  • 1st Commonwealth Division Signals, Jul1951-July 1953

Divisional Artillery

  • 45th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, Jul-Nov 1951

  • 11th (Sphinx) Battery, Royal Artillery, Jul-Nov 1951

  • 170th Light Battery, Royal Artillery, Jul-Nov 1951

  • 14th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, Nov 1951-Dec 1952

  • 120th Light AA Battery, Royal Artillery, Oct 1951-Dec 1952

  • 42nd Light AA Battery, Royal Artillery, Nov 1951-Feb 1952

  • 61st Light Field Regiment, Jan 1952-Jul 1953

  • 20th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, Dece 1952-Jul 1953

  • 16th Field Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery, Jul 1951-Jul 1953

  • 2nd Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, Jul 1951-May 1952

  • 1st Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, May 1952-Apr 1953

  • 81st Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery, from Apr 1953 (renamed 4th Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery in Oct 1953)

  • 1903 Independent Air Observation Post Flight, Royal Artillery, July 1951-July 1953

Divisional Engineers

  • 28th Field Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers, Jul 1951-Jul 1953

    • 64th Field Park Squadron, Royal Engineers, Jul 1951-Jul 1953

Armour

  • 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars, Jul 1951-Dec 1951

  • 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards, Dec 1951-Dec 1952

  • "C" Squadron, 7th Royal Tank Regiment, Jul 1951-Oct 1951

  • 1st Royal Tank Regiment, Dec 1952-Jul 1953

  • "C" Squadron, Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) (to Jun 1952)

  • "B" Squadron, Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) Jun 1952 - May 1953

  • "A" Squadron, Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) (from May 1953)

Uniform Insignia

Two types of Commonwealth Formation Patches were worn by Canadians serving in the Far East. Those in the 25th Canadian Brigade wore the 1st Commonwealth Division shield, usually on the left arm. The shield bore a Tudor Crown, but occupation troops serving in Korea after the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953 wore St. Edward's Crowns. The "official" backing colour to the shield was UN Blue, but like French Grey, the exact shade used in practice varied from badge to badge.

Selection of patches from the collection of Bill Alexander, including a printed badge with a King's Crown, and a silk badge printed with the Queen's Crown.

Troops not serving directly in the Commonwealth Division instead wore the square Commonwealth Forces patch. The examples above are from the collection of Bill Alexander.


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