Several major examinations and/or reorganizations
of the Canadian Army took place in the 20th Century.
1900: Redesignation of Militia battalions as
1902-1904: Dundonald Reforms
1920: Otter Committee
1936: Deterioration of the international
political situation in the face of aggression by Nazi Germany, Italy, and
Japan prompted reorganization and modernization of the Canadian Army in 1936.
Establishment of the Non-Permanent Active Militia was reduced from a paper
figure of 134,000 in 15 divisions to 86,557 in 7. Mechanization of some
cavalry units was achieved, and by 1939 artillery units had been increased
from 97 to 155. The Canadian Machine Gun Corps was disbanded as a separate
arm, the first tank units were created (both MGs and tanks were now the
responsibility of the infantry).
1954: Kennedy Board
1957: Anderson Report
1964: Suttie Commission
1995: Special Commission on the Restructuring
of the Reserves