Exercises are missions carried out by military forces in a simulated environment for training purposes, unlike Operations which are missions carried out with real-world objectives.

In the first half of the 20th Century and gradually fading from use thereafter, exercises were often referred to as "schemes".

An Exercise will normally be given a name by a commander in the same manner as Operations; in Canadian military writing these names are generally capitalized, i.e. Exercise TIGER, Exercise SPARTAN, etc.

Types of Exercises

Field Exercises

A field exercise (also called a "Scheme" during the Second World War, and later as a "Field Tactical Exercise" (FTX)) was a full-scale rehearsal of military maneuvers as practice for warfare. These exercises could be one-sided, with an imaginary enemy, or with opposing forces exercising against each other.


Other types of exercise included the TEWT (Tactical Exercise Without Troops), also known as a sand table, map or cloth model exercise. This type of exercise allowed commanders to manipulate abstract models through possible scenarios in military planning.

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