Regiments Main Page


Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

The British Columbia Dragoons

The British Columbia Dragoons was a regiment of cavalry formed in the Canadian Army that later converted to armour that served from its formation in 1911 to the end of the 20th Century.

Lineage

  • The Regiment originated at Vernon, B.C., on 1 April 1911 when "B" and "C" Independent Squadrons, British Columbia Horse (originally formed as "B" and "C" Independent Squadrons, Canadian Mounted Rifles on 1 April 1908 and 1 April 1910 respectively) were grouped with two other regiments authorized the same day to create a regiment as yet unnamed1

  • 1 December 1911: regiment designated 1st Regiment, British Columbia Horse

  • Redesignated 30th Regiment, British Columbia Horse 15 April 1912

  • On 15 Mar 1920, amalgamated with Victoria Independent Squadron (British Columbia Horse) (originally authorized as "Victoria Indepenent Squadron 15 July 1914") and redesignated The British Columbia Mounted Rifles

  • Redesignated The British Columbia Dragoons 15 March 1929

  • Redesignated 9th (Reserve) Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Dragoons) 1 April 1941

  • Redesignated 9th Reconnaissance Regiment (The British Columbia Dragoons) 1 April 1946

  • Redesignated The British Columbia Dragoons (9th Reconnaissance Regiment) 4 February 1949

  • Redesignated The British Columbia Dragoons 19 May 1958

The British Columbia Dragoons

Headquarters: Vernon, later Kelowna, BC
Predecessor: none
Perpetuates: 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles and 11th CMR, CEF
Raised: 1 April 1911
Status 1 Jan 2000: Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment of Canadian Forces Reserve

History

The 30th Regiment, British Columbia Horse mobilized on 10 August 1914 for local protective duties and contributed volunteers to the 5th Battalion, C.E.F., as well as recruiting later for the 2nd and 11th Regiments, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF.

The 2nd CMR was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the "2nd Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF". It embarked for the U.K. on 12 June 1915, then arrived in France on 22 September 1915 where it served with the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifles Brigade. The unit was reorganized as an infantry battalion on 1 January 1916 and assigned to the 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 3rd Canadian Division. The regiment had been amalgamated with "B" Squadron and headquarters troops of the 3rd Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, and served in the division as the "2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF". The 2nd CMR Battalion was disbanded on 6 November 1920. Captain J. McGregor, MC, DCM, was awarded the VC for actions on 28 September - 3 October 1918.

The 11th CMR provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.

The British Columbia Dragoons placed details on active service on 1 September 1939 for local protective duty, and the 5th Canadian Motorcycle Regiment, CASF was mobilized on 24 May 1940. The unit was converted to armour and designated The British Columbia Dragoons on 9 February 1941, then 9th Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Dragoons) two days later. The active service unit embarked for the United Kingdom on 13 November 1941 where it underwent training, then landed in Italy on 19 December 1943 as part of the 5th Canadian (Armoured) Division. It served with the 5th Canadian Armoured Brigade in Italy until early 1945, then repatriated to First Canadian Army with the rest of I Canadian Corps, travelling to North-West Europe in February. The active unit returned to Canada and disbanded on 31 January 1946. A 9th (Reserve) Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Dragoons) served in Canada in the Reserve Army during the war.

Battle Honours

Battle Honours in bold were selected for emblazonment:

Mount Sorrel
Flers-Courcelette
Arras, 1917, '18
Hill 70
Passchendaele
Scarpe, 1918
Canal du Nord
Pursuit to Mons
Liri Valley
Gothic Line
Lamone Crossing
Fosso Munio
Italy, 1944-45
Delfzijl Pocket
 Somme, 1916
Ancre Heights
Vimy, 1917
Ypres, 1917
Amiens
Hindenberg Line
Cambrai, 1918
France and Flanders, 1915-18
Melfa Crossing
Pozzo Alto Bridge
Naviglio Canal
Conventello-Comacchio
Ijsselmeer
North-West Europe 1945
 

Insignia

The cap badge is described as follows:

An oval inscribed "THE BRITISH COLUMBIA DRAGOONS" surmounted by the Crown and flanked by sprays of maple leaves; within the oval a maple leaf; loped through the lower portion of the oval a scroll inscribed "QUANSEM ILEP".2

The Latin motto of the Regiment translates into English as "Always First."3

 

References

  • The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army (Queen's Printer, Ottawa, ON, 1964)

  • Hampson, William C. A Catalogue of Twentieth-Century Canadian Military and Metal Shoulder Titles 1900 to 1999 Part II: Royal Canadian Armoured Corps (William C. Hampson Publishing, Calgary, AB, 1999) ISBN 0-9685714-1-7

  • Mazeas, Daniel Insignes de la Milice Canadienne - Canadian Militia Badges Pre 1914

  • Mazeas, Daniel Insignes Canadiens 1920-1950 - Canadian Badges Revised Edition

Notes

  1. Regiments and Corps, p. 102, though the DHH information contained in A-AD-267-000/AF-003 gives the location as Vernon

  2. Regiments and Corps, p.103

  3. A-AD-267-000/AF-003 Official Lineages, Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments – Armour Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. June 11, 2010 p.2-2-19 accessed online http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/ol-lo/vol-tom-3/par1/arm-bli/BCD-eng.asp

 

 


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