Regiments Main Page


Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
1

|

2 | 3 | 4 | 5
6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10
11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15
16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20
21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25
26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30
31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35
36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40
41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45
46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50
51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55
56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60
61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65
66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70
71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75
76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80
81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85
86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90
91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95
96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100
101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105
106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110

CEF Battalions 1914-1920

|

| | |
6 | | | 9 |
11 | 12 | | |
| 17 | | 19 | 20
21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25
26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30
31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35
36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40
41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45
46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50
51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55
56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60
61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65
66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70
71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75
76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80
81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85
86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90
91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95
96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100
101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105
106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110
111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115
116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120
121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125
126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130
131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135
136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140
141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145
146 | 147 | 148 | 149 | 150
151 | 152 | 153 | 154 | 155
156 | 157 | 158 | 159 | 160
161 | 162 | 163 | 164 | 165
166 | 167 | 168 | 169 | 170
171 | 172 | 173 | 174 | 175
176 | 177 | 178 | 179 | 180
181 | 182 | 183 | 184 | 185
186 | 187 | 188 | 189 | 190
191 | 192 | 193 | 194 | 195
196 | 197 | 198 | 199 | 200
201

|

202 | 203 | 204 | 205
206 | 207 | 208 | 209 | 210
211 | 212 | 213 | 214 | 215
216 | 217 | 218 | 219 | 220
221 | 222 | 223 | 224 | 225
226 | 227 | 228 | 229 | 230
231 | 232 | 233 | 234 | 235
236 | 237 | 238 | 239 | 240
241 | 242 | 243 | 244 | 245
246 | 247 | 248 | 249 | 250
251 | 252 | 253 | 254 | 255
256 | 257 | 258 | |

Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)

Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) was a regiment of cavalry formed in the Canadian Army as part of Canada's regular forces, later converted to armour.

Lineage

  • 1 Jul 1901: The Canadian Mounted Rifles created as a Permanent Force unit, by redesignation of "A" Squadron, Canadian Mounted Rifles.
  • 1 Oct 1903: Redesignated The Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
  • 1 Oct 1909: Redesignated Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)
  • 1 May 1911: Redesignated Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)
  • 11 Feb 1941: Redesignated 2nd Armoured Regiment (Lord Strathcona's Horse) (Royal Canadians)
  • 2 Mar 1949: Redesignated Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) (2nd Armoured Regiment)
  • 19 May 1958: Redesignated Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)

Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)

Headquarters: various
Predecessor: none
Perpetuates: Strathcona's Horse
Raised: 1 July 1901
Status 1 Jan 2000: Regular Force Armoured Regiment.

Perpetuations

None

History

The original Strathcona's Horse regiment was one of the last in the British Empire to be created and raised by a private individual. During the Boer War, Donald Alexander Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, recruited and equipped the regiment at his own expense for service in South Africa, where it served with distinction. On its return to Canada on 9 Mar 1901, the regiment was disbanded.

A regular force cavalry unit was created by the redesignation of "A" Squadron of the Canadian Mounted Rifles (a Militia unit). "The Canadian Mounted Rifles" were thus designated on 1 Jul 1901, and redesignated "The Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles" on 1 Oct 1903. On 1 Oct 1909, the unit was redesignated "Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)" in recognition of the Honorary Colonel, Lord Strathcona, who had raised the original contingent for South Africa. His title was added to the regiment's name in 1911.

At the outbreak of the First World War, the Regiment was mobilized and sent to the UK. In 1915, the regiment served as dismounted infantry in France. The regiment was reorganized as a mounted regiment once more on 16 Feb 1916, and placed under command of the Canadian Cavalry Brigade, attached to the 2nd Indian Cavalry Division, with was itself redesignated in Nov 1916 as the British 5th Cavalry Division.

The regiment saw action as cavalry in Mar 1917 on the Somme front, where Lieutenant Frederick Harvey's actions in an attack earned him the Victoria Cross. During 1918, the Canadian Cavalry Brigade was under the command of the Canadian Corps. A Victoria Cross was earned by Lieutenant G.M. Flowerdew on 30 Mar 1918 at Moreuil Wood, where he led his squadron against superior numbers and heavy machine gun fire.

Mechanization occurred slowly between the war; in Jul 1940 headquarters and one squadron of the regiment were mobilized, to form the "1st Canadian Motorcycle Regiment (RCD/LSH(RC)). The unit was redesignated "Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)" on 21 Sep 1940, and allocated to the Canadian Armoured Corps upon conversion to an Armoured Regiment on 15 Nov 1940. The newly designated "2nd Armoured Regiment (Lord Strathcona's Horse) (Royal Canadians)" served with the 5th Canadian (Armoured) Division for the remainder of the war.

The regiment moved to the UK in November 1941. During an inspection there, King George VI noticed that the divisional patches on the sleeves of the troopers bore the legend "LSH". He remarked to a Strathcona's officer that he had always thought the proper abbreviation of "Lord" was "Ld". The regiment promptly changed its formation patches and have used that abbreviation ever since.

The Regiment trained in England with Canadian built Ram tanks, and moved to the Mediterranean for service in the Italian Campaign in November 1943.

One of the Regiment's most noteworthy battles in Italy was at the Melfa Crossing, where the reconnaissance troop established a bridgehead on the Melfa River and held it against determined German tank and infantry attacks until reinforcements could arrive. Lieutenant Edward Perkins was nominated for a Victoria Cross for this action. The Regiment left Italy in Feb 1945 as part of Operation GOLDFLAKE, and moved to North-West Europe.

The regiment returned to Canada in Jan 1946. With the exception of two operational tours in West Germany, the regiment resided in the Calgary garrison at Harvey Barracks until the late 1990s when it was moved to Edmonton.

Three squadrons were raised for service in the Korean War.

Later deployments included two six-month missions in Bosnia in 1994 (under United Nations command) and 1997 (as part of the NATO forces there).

Field Force Contributions

  • Mobilized as a cavalry regiment for the First World War.

  • Jul 1940: contributed one squadron to 1st Canadian Motorcycle Regiment (Royal Canadian Dragoons/Lord Strathcona's Horse), later reroled as a full Armoured Regiment of the 5th Canadian (Armoured) Division.

  • Provided three squadrons in succession for the Korean War which served with the 25th Canadian Brigade from 1951-1954.

Alliance

Formation/District Assignments

Battle Honours

Battle Honours in bold were selected for emblazonment:

South Africa 1900–01
Somme 1916 ’18

Pozières
Cambrai, 1917, ’18
Amiens
St. Quentin Canal
Pursuit to Mons
Liri Valley
Torrice Crossroads
Pozzo Alto Ridge
Lamone Crossing

Casale
Fosso Munio
IJsselmeer
Festubert, 1915
Bazentin
Flers-Courcelette
St. Quentin
Hindenburg Line
Beaurevoir
France and Flanders 1915–18
Melfa Crossing
Gothic Line
Coriano
Misano Ridge
Naviglio Canal
Italy 1944–45
North-West Europe, 1945
Korea, 1951–53

Insignia

Cap Badges: Lord Strathcona's Coat of Arms, without supporters, being a shield surmounted by a maple tree inclined to the left, and cut through by a beaver working at the base; in the chief a demi-lion rampant; in the centre a railroad spike and hammer crossed; in the base a canoe bearing a flag inscribed NW and containing four men; the whole surrounded by a riband which is encircled by a wreath of roses, thistles, shamrocks and maple leaves, and inscribed LORD STRATHCONA'S HORSE, ROYAL CANADIANS, surmounted by a scroll bearing the motto PERSEVERANCE, and the whole surmounted by the Crown.

The crest commemorated Lord Strathcona's role in the fur trade and in the settlement of North West Canada (as the province of Alberta was called prior to 1905) by its representation of a Hudson's Bay Company trade canoe, the flag 'NW' (for "North West"), and the representation of the railway construction tools. The latter mark Lord Strathcona's direct role in the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Lord Strathcona personally drove the last spike marking the end of construction of Canada's first trans-national rail line in Nov 1885.


© canadiansoldiers.com 1999-present