Regiments Main Page


Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

1st Hussars

1st Hussars was a regiment of the Militia that served throughout the 20th Century, as both a cavalry regiment and later as an armoured regiment.

Lineage

  •  31 May 1872: 1st Regiment of Cavalry formed from regimentation of five independent troops. Formed with HQ at London, Ont., by regimentation of five independent troops:

    • No. 1 Troop at St. Thomas, raised 20 Mar. 1855 as The St. Thomas Troop of Volunteer Militia Cavalry; redesignated 25 Jan. 1867 as 2nd Troop, The London and St. Thomas Squadron of Cavalry.

    • No. 2 Troop at London, raised 24 Jul 1866 as 1st Troop of Volunteer Militia Cavalry of London; redesignated 25 Jan 1867 as 2nd Troop, The London and St. Thomas Squadron of Cavalry.

    • No. 3 Troop at Mooretown, formed 31 May 1872 by redesignation of Mooretown Mounted Infantry Company of 27th Lambton Battalion of Infantry.

    • No. 4 Troop at Kingsville, raised 12 Apr 1872 as The Kingsville Troop of Cavalry.

    • No. 5 Troop at Bayfield, raised 23 May 1872 as The Bayfield Troop of Cavalry.

    • No. 6 Troop at Stratford, raised 7 June 1872 as The Stratford Troop of Cavalry. Disbanded 2 Jun 1874.

  • 1892: Redesignated 1st Hussars.

  • 1 Apr 1941: Redesignated 6th (Reserve) Armoured Regiment (1st Hussars)

  • 4 Feb 1949: Redesignated 1st Hussars (6th Armoured Regiment)
    19 May 1958: Redesignated 1st Hussars.1

1st Hussars

Headquarters: London, ON
Predecessor: None
Perpetuates: None
Raised: 31 May 1872
Status 1 Jan 2000: Militia regiment


Field Force Contributions

The regiment contributed to several field forces. During the South African War, volunteers from the regiment joined various Canadian contingents overseas between 1899 and 1902.


The regiment contributed to many units that saw service on the Western Front in the First World War. The 1st Hussars contributed personnel (66 individuals) to the 1st Battalion, CEF. The unit also raised "A" Squadron of the 7th Canadian Mounted Rifles. This squadron was attached to the 2nd Canadian Division in Mar 1915 as the divisional cavalry squadron. In Jun 1915, the 7th CMR embarked for the UK, and in Jan 1916 "A" Squadron was redesignated "Special Service Squadron, First (Canadian) Hussars)". In mid-May, the squadron became a sub-unit of the Canadian Corps Cavalry Regiment, later renamed Canadian Light Horse, and became designated as "B" Squadron of that regiment.

During the Second World War, the "1st Hussars, Canadian Active Service Force" was mobilized on 1 Sep 1939. The unit reorganized as the "1st Canadian Cavalry Regiment (Mechanized)" on 1 Mar 1940, and as the 6th Armoured Regiment (1st Hussars) on 11 Feb 1941. The unit embarked for the UK on 13 Nov 1941, briefly served as part of the 3rd Canadian Armoured Brigade before that formation was reorganized, and then served in North-West Europe with the 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade from D-Day to the end of the war. The active regiment disbanded on 31 Jan 1946.
 

Despite having the designation "1st" in the official title, the regiment was not the most senior cavalry or armoured regiment in Order of Precedence. A Militia reorganization of 1872 required that the senior or only cavalry regiment within a Military District adopt the numerical designation of that district. As the 1st Hussars were located in Military District No. 1, the regiment became designated as the 1st Regiment of Cavalry. When the unit was renamed "1st Hussars in 1892", it was felt unnecessary to add "Canada" or "Canadian" to the designation as no British mounted unit numbered "1" had ever existed.

Following the Second World War, the inclusion of many former infantry regiments in the order of battle of the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps let to a decision to decide seniority on date of formation regardless of the Corps in which the unit was originally raised, with Regular Force units taking seniority to Militia units. In that scheme, the 1st Hussars found themselves lower on the official order of precedence than their designation might suggest.
Formation/District Assignments


Battle Honours

In the 1920s, the regiment was granted the Battle Honours earned by the Special Service Squadron, First (Canadian) Hussars/Canadian Light Horse and in the 1950s the Battle Honours earned by the 6th Armoured Regiment (1st Hussars) were approved and authorized.

 

Battle Honours in bold were selected for emblazonment:

 
South Africa, 1900
Flers-Courcelette
Arras, 1917,'18
Amiens
Drocourt-Quéant
Canal du Nord
Pursuit to Mons
Normandy Landing
Le Mesnil-Patry
The Orne
Faubourg de Vaucelles
Falaise
Quesnay Wood
Chambois
The Lower Maas
The Hochwald
Bad Zwischenahn
Somme, 1916
Ancre Heights
Vimy, 1917
Scarpe, 1918
Hindenburg Line
Cambrai, 1918
France and Flanders, 1915-18
Putot-en-Bessin
Caen
Bourguébus Ridge
Verrières Ridge-Tilly-la-Campagne
Falaise Road
The Laison
Calais, 1944
The Rhineland
Apeldoorn
North-West Europe 1944-1945


District

 

In the period 1900-1920, the Hussars served in Military District No. 1 and Divisional Area No. 1 as an unbrigaded unit.2

 

Sub-Units

 

In the period 1900-1920, the unit had a headquarters, "A" and "B" Squadrons in London, with "C" Squadron in Amherstburg.3

 

Allied Regiment

 

11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own)

 

Insignia

 

The cap badge is described as follows: "Within a wreath of maple leaves, a plaque inscribed "FIRST", across the centre a scroll inscribed "HUSSARS"; surmounting the plaque, a coronet bearing a horse rampant; across the lower bend of the wreath two scrolls the upper inscribed with the motto "HODIE NON CRAS", the lower inscribed "CANADA."4 The motto translates as "Today, Not Tomorrow."5


 

Notes

  1. The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army (Queen's Printer, Ottawa, ON, 1964)

  2. Hampson, William C. A Catalogue of Twentieth-Century Canadian Military and Metal Shoulder Titles 1900 to 1999 Part II: Royal Canadian Armoured Corps (William C. Hampson Publishing, Calgary, AB, 1999) ISBN 0-9685714-1-7 p.22

  3. Ibid

  4. Regiments & Corps, Ibid

  5. Hampson, Ibid

 


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