Regiments Main Page


Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

The Governor General's Horse Guards

The Governor General's Horse Guards was a regiment of cavalry formed in the Canadian Army as part of the Militia. The unit later converted to armour, and continued its service into the 21st Century as an armoured reconnaissance regiment.

Lineage

  • 27 December 1885 1st and 2nd Troops of Volunteer Militia Cavalry of the County of York authorized

  • 1st Troop redesignated The Governor General's Body Guard for Upper Canada on 27 April 1866

  • Redesignated The Governor General's Body Guard for Ontario 1 July 1867, reorganized as two troop squadron on 5 May 1876, and again as regiment on 17 May 1889 by amalgamation with 1st Troop, 2nd Regiment of Cavalry and 2nd Troop, 2nd Regiment of Cavalry.

  • Redesignated The Governor General's Body Guard on 13 July 1895

  • Amalgamated with The Mississauga Horse on 15 December 1936 to become The Governor General's Horse Guards

  • Converted to armour and redesignated 3rd (Reserve) Armoured Regiment (The Governor General's Horse Guards) on 1 April 1941

  • Redesignated The Governor General's Horse Guards (3rd Armoured Regiment) on 4 February 1949

  • Redesignated The Governor General's Horse Guards on 19 May 1958

The Governor General's Horse Guards

Headquarters: Downsview, ON
Perpetuates: 4th Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion; 7th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles; and the 216th Battalion, CEF
Authorized: 17 May 1889 (seniority to 27 December 1855)
Status as of 31 December 1999: Active Militia Regiment

History

The Governor General's Body Guard for Ontario served as a unit in the North West Rebellion in 1885, guarding General Middleton's lines of communication. The Governor General's Body Guard also contributed individual volunteers to Canadian contingents serving overseas in the Second Boer War 1899-1902.

The Governor General's Body Guard and the 9th Mississauga Horse both contributed volunteers for the 3rd and 2nd Battalions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, respectively, at the beginning of the First World War, and later recruited for the 4th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF. The 9th Mississauga Horse also recruited for the 7th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF. The 4th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles served overseas with the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Brigade until reorganization in January 1916, when it became the 4th Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF and served as a regular infantry battalion and component of the 8th Infantry Brigade of the 3rd Canadian Division. Private T.W. Holmes was awarded the Victoria Cross for actions performed while serving with this battalion. The 7th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles (less its "A" Squadron, which was reorganized in Canada as a divisional cavalry squadron) was reformed as the Canadian Mounted Rifles Depot in the United Kingdo.

Details of The Governor General's Horse Guards were placed on active service on 1 September 1939 for local protective duty. On 24 May 1940, the regiment mobilized the 2nd Canadian Motorcycle Regiment, Canadian Active Service Force (Governor General's Horse Guards). On 9 February 1941, the unit reverted to its former designation of The Governor General's Horse Guards and two days later officially became the 3rd Armoured Regiment (The Governor General's Horse Guards). The active unit embarked for the United Kingdom on 9 October 1941, and was redesignated the 3rd Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment (The Governor General's Horse Guards) on 1 January 1943. It moved to Italy on 19 December 1943 and served as the armoured reconnaissance regiment of the 5th Canadian (Armoured) Division. In actual practice, the two Canadian armoured reconnaissance regiments were outfitted and equipped almost identically to standard armoured regiments, with three squadrons of Sherman tanks, though their role in action may have been different. The regiment moved to North-West Europe on 16 February 1945 and disbanded on 31 January 1946. A 3rd (Reserve) Armoured Regiment (The Governor General's Horse Guards) remained in Canada as part of the Reserve Army.

Traditions

Regimental Quick Marches: Men of Harlech
Motto: Nulli Secundus (Latin: Second to None)

Battle Honours

North West Canada, 1885
Mount Sorrel
Flers-Courcelette
Arras, 1917, '18
Hill 70
Passchendaele
Scarpe, 1918
Canal du Nord
Valenciennes
France and Flanders, 1915-18
Melfa Crossing
Lamone Crossing
Fosso Munio
Ijsselmeer
South Africa, 1900
Somme, 1916
Ancre Heights
Vimy, 1917
Ypres, 1917
Amiens
Hindenburg Line
Cambrai, 1918
Sambre
Liri Valley
Gothic Line
Misano Ridge
Italy, 1944-45
North-West Europe, 1945

Insignia

Regiments and Corps describes the regimental badge as

The Garter and motto "HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE" surmounted by the Crown; within the Garter a unicorn, rampant, gorged with a coronet composed of crosses patee and fleur-de-lis, a chain affixed thereto; below, a scroll inscribed "NULLI SECUNDUS".1

References

  1. The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army (Queen's Printer, Ottawa, ON, 1964), pp.51-53.

 


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