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Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

13th Battalion, CEF

The 13th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force was a unit raised for service in the First World War.

History

The 13th Canadian Infantry Battalion organized at Valcartier in September 1914 under Camp Order 241 dated 2 September 1914. The battalion was raised from Montreal soldiers (Military District 4).1

 

The battalion was commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel F.O.W. Loomis, and embarked for the United Kingdom on 25 September 1914 at Quebec City aboard S.S. Alaunia, arriving in England on 16 October 1914 with a strength of 25 officers and 1110 other ranks.

 

The unit moved to France on 16 February 1915 as the senior battalion of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Brigade in the Canadian Division (later 1st Canadian Division). The unit remained a component of the division for the remainder of the war. It eventually drew reinforcements from the 20th Canadian Reserve Battalion.

 

Three soldiers of the battalion were awarded the Victoria Cross: Lance Corporal Frederick Fisher, for actions near St. Julien on 23 April 1915; Private John Bernard Croak for actions at Amiens on 8 August 1918; and Corporal Herman Good for actions at Hangard Wood, also on 8 August 1918.

 

The unit returned to England on 17 March 1919, and arrived back in Canada on 18 April 1919, demobilizing on 20 April. The unit was officially disbanded by General Order 159 dated 15 September 1920.

13th Battalion, CEF

Organized: 6 August 1914
Initial Strength: 25 officers, 1110 other ranks
Service: Component of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders.
Disbanded: G.O. 149/1920 eff 15 September 1920
Perpetuated by: The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada

 

The unit was unique in taking overseas the identity and traditions of one of the prewar Militia units, notably the 5th Regiment, Royal Highlanders of Canada. The unit wore the Government (Black Watch) Tartan, and had its own pipe band of 24 pipers and 12 drummers, with pipers clad in the Royal Stewart tartan.2

 

The battalion adopted a goat mascot named Flora Stewart upon arrival in France. A stand of colours were presented, and deposited in St. Paul's Church in Montreal.

 

Following the war the battalion was perpetuated by The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, the successor unit to the 5th Regiment, Royal Highlanders of Canada following the Otter Committee reorganizations.

Insignia

In 1914, there had been little time to adopt distinctive unit badges for the hastily assembled battalions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. As many battalions were drawn from men from several of the pre-war Militia regiments, there was a desire to avoid using existing badges and forming associations with those existing units, in favour of creating new identities - the General Officer Commanding the 1st Canadian Contingent (later 1st Canadian Division) is quoted as saying sometime in October or November of 1914 "there must be distinctive badges for each unit."3 Until unit badges were approved and issued, a mixture of pre-war Militia badges and maple-leaf pattern General Service badges were seen.

Metal cap and collar badges were also worn on service dress.

In mid-1916, cloth "battle-patches" were added to the sleeves of the Service Dress and greatcoat. The 1st Division was distinguished by a red rectangle, 3 inches wide by 2 inches tall, worn on each upper arm. The 13th Battalion was further distinguished by a blue circle worn above the rectangle, the blue indicating the 3rd Brigade, and the circle indicating the senior battalion in the brigade. More information on formation patches can be found in the article on the organization of the division.

Metal cap and collar badges were also worn on service dress.

Battle Honours

Ypres 1915, 17

St. Julien
Mount Sorrel

Pozieres
Ancre Heights
Vimy, 1917
Scarpe, 1918
Drocourt-Quéant
Canal du Nord

Gravenstafel
Festubert, 1915
Somme, 1916
Thiepval

Arras 1917, '18
Arleux

Amiens
Hindenburg Line
Pursuit to Mons

France and Flanders, 1915-18

Notes

  1. Guide to Sources, p.72, Love, p.137, and Stewart p.7

  2. Guide to Sources cites a band strength of 24 pipers while Stewart gives a number of 18

  3. Harper, Joseph A Source of Pride: Regimental Badges and Titles in the Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919 (Service Publications, Ottawa, ON, 1999) ISBN 0-9699845-8-8 p.5

References

  • Love, David W. A Call to Arms: The Organization and Administration of Canada's Military in World War One (Bunker to Bunker Books, Calgary, AB, 1999) ISBN 1894255-03-8

  • Stewart, Charles H. Overseas: The Lineages and Insignia of the Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919 (Little & Stewart, Toronto, ON, 1970)

  • Guide to Sources Relating to Units of the Canadian Expeditionary Force Infantry Battalions (Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, ON, 2012)

Archival Holdings

 

The following holdings at Library and Archives Canada may be useful for further research on this unit:

 

  • War diary, 13 Oct. 1914 -20 April 1919

    • RG 9, III-D-3, vol. 4921, folders 382-385

  • Affiliation with 5th Royal Highlanders

    • RG 24, vol. 1528, file HQ683-75-1

  • Badges

    • RG 24, vol. 1528, file HQ683-75-2

  • Demobilization

    • RG 24, vol. 1528, file HQ683-75-3

  • History

    • RG 24, vol. 1528, file HQ683-75-4

  • Appointment of officers

    • RG 24, vol. 1378, file HQ593-6-1-13

  • Organization

    • RG 9, III-C-7, vol. 4490, file 4D, 48-13-1

  • DHS file

    • RG 24, vol. 1904, file DHS 5-7-9

  • Manitoba’s contribution to battalion.

    • RG 24, vol. 1824, file GAQ 5-47

  • 13th Battalion

    • RG 24, vol. 1828, file GAQ 7-24

  • 13th Battalion

    • RG 24, vol. 1828, file GAQ 7-25

  • Overseas Ministry file, 1915 - 1916

    • RG 9, III-A-1, vol. 47, file 8-5-52

  • Records of personnel

    • RG 9, III-A-2, vol. 356, file 45

  • Accounts

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 381, file A-92-1

  • Promotions

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 980, file P-27-3

  • Promotions, appointments

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 984, file P85-3

  • Clothing and equipment, 1915 - 1916

    • RG 9, III-C-1, vol. 3877, folder 10, file 3

  • Pte G.R. Barrie’s statement re crucifixion of Canadian soldier, 12 Feb. 1916

    • RG 9, III-C-1, vol. 3879, folder 13, file 7

  • Machine guns claimed by battalion

    • RG 9, III-C-1, vol. 3890, folder 46, file 11

  • Operations, Festubert, 20 May 1915

    • RG 9, III-C-3, vol. 4011, folder 15, file 8

  • Report on minor operations, 1 Dec. 1916

    • RG 9, III-C-3, vol. 4017, folder 35, file 21

  • Operation orders, 30 Jan. 1918

    • RG 9, III-C-3, vol. 4067, folder 6, file 4

  • Operation orders, 30 May - 10 Oct. 1917

    • RG 9, III-C-3, vol. 4077, folder 4, file 18

  • Order, March 1917, Badges

    • RG 9, III-D-1, vol. 4691, folder 49, file 22

  • Historical record

    • RG 9, III-D-1, vol. 4691, folder 49, file 21

  • Honours and awards

    • RG 9, III-D-1, vol. 4691, folder 49, file 23

  • Operations. St Eloi, 1916

    • RG 9, III-D-1, vol. 4691, folder 49, files 25-27

  • Operations. Mount Sorrel, June 1916

    • RG 9, III-D-1, vol. 4691, folder 49, files 28-29

  • Operations. Arras, 2 Sept. 1918

    • RG 9, III-D-1, vol. 4691, folder 49, file 30

  • Photographs

    • RG 9, III-D-1, vol. 4691, folder 49, file 24

  • Nominal roll on embarkation, 1914

    • RG 9, IIB3, vol. 79

  • Promotions, appointments

    • RG 9, III-B-1, vol. 2908, file P 30-33

  • Purchase of kilts

    • RG 9, III-A-1, vol. 9, file 4-2-23

  • Colt guns

    • RG 9, III-A-1, vol. 11, file 4-5-3

  • Alphabetical lists of NCOs men invalided and transferred, 1 Jan. 1917 - 1 March 1919, killed or fatally wounded, 1 Jan. 1917 -

    11 Nov. 1918

    • MG 30, E 102

  • Daily Orders

    • RG 150, vol. 68

      • File Part 1=1914/10/19-1914/12/31

      • File Part 2=1915/01/01-1915/03/28

      • File Part 3=1915/04/04-1915/12/25

      • File Part 4=1916/01/01-1916/06/30

      • File Part 5=1916/06/30-1916/12/31

    • RG 150, vol. 67

      • File Part 1=1917/01/01-1917/06/30

      • File Part 2=1917/07/07-1917/10/31

      • File Part 3=1917/11/24-1918/02/28

      • File Part 4=1918/03/02-1918/08/31

      • File Part 5=1918/09/03-1918/12/31

    • RG 150, vol. 182, 1918/12/31-1919/02/16

      • RG 9, III-C-4, vol. 4341, folder 2, file 5


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