Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force was a unit
raised for service in the First World War.
Battalion was organized in Regina, Saskatchewan in accordance
with General Order 11 of 1 February 1917 and General Order
48 of 1 May 1917.1
was composed of recruits from Regina, Saskatoon, Swift
Current, Moosomin, Weyburn, Melville, Maple Creek and
Estevan. The unit absorbed the 250 Battalion on 10 October
1917, and was commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel R.B.
unit embarked for overseas from Hallifax on 21
February 1918 aboard S.S. Saxonia and S.S.
Megantic and disembarked in the U.K. on 4 March
1918 with a strength of 15 officers, 709 other ranks.
was absorbed by the 15th Canadian Reserve Battalion on 6
March 1918, and disbanded on 27 July 1918 by Privy Council
Initial Strength: 15 officers, 709 other
Service: Absorbed by 15th Reserve Battalion.
Disbanded: Privy Council Order 1366 & 1863 eff
4 June 1917
Perpetuated by: The Pictou Highlanders
During its time in
Canada, the battalion had its own band (Stewart lists it as a pipe
band), and its Colours are deposited in the Legislative Building in
In 1914, there had been little time to
adopt distinctive unit badges for the hastily assembled battalions
of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. As many battalions were drawn
from men from several of the pre-war Militia regiments, there was a
desire to avoid using existing badges and forming associations with
those existing units, in favour of creating new identities - the
General Officer Commanding the 1st Canadian Contingent (later 1st
Canadian Division) is quoted as saying sometime in October or
November of 1914 "there must be distinctive badges for each unit."2
Metal cap and collar badges were also
worn on service dress.
Guide to Sources,
p.674, (copy in RG24, vol. 1258, file HQ 593-2-1, pt. 1).
Harper, Joseph A Source of
Pride: Regimental Badges and Titles in the Canadian
Expeditionary Force 1914-1919 (Service Publications,
Ottawa, ON, 1999) ISBN 0-9699845-8-8 p.5
Love, David W.
A Call to Arms: The Organization and Administration of
Canada's Military in World War One (Bunker to Bunker
Books, Calgary, AB, 1999) ISBN 1894255-03-8
H. Overseas: The Lineages and Insignia of the Canadian
Expeditionary Force 1914-1919 (Little & Stewart,
Toronto, ON, 1970)
Guide to Sources Relating to
Units of the Canadian Expeditionary Force Infantry Battalions (Library
and Archives Canada, Ottawa, ON, 2012)
The following holdings at Library and
Archives Canada may be useful for further research on this unit:
Enlistment of aliens
Inspection reports, clothing and
Treatment of recruits
Band, recruiting tour
Pay and paysheets
Appointment of officers
Returns and statistics
Extract from OMFC Routine Order, 28
August 1918, re disbandment
Inspection reports prior to leaving
Argyll House file