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Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


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1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
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IV PLDG
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11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
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31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
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Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
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British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
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King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
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Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

The 48th Highlanders of Canada

The 48th Highlanders of Canada was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army during the 20th Century that continued its service into the 21st.

Lineage

  • 48th Battalion (Highlanders) authorized 16 October 1891

  • Redesignated 48th Regiment "Highlanders" 8 May 1900

  • Redesignated The 48th Regiment (Highlanders) 15 May 1920

  • Redesignated The 48th Highlanders of Canada 1 August 1930
     

History

 

The regiment was raised in Toronto in the 19th Century and provided volunteers for the 2nd (Special Service) Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment for service in South Africa during the Second Boer War (1899-1902).

The 48th Highlanders of Canada

Headquarters: Toronto, ON
Raised: 16 October 1891
Predecessors: None
Perpetuates: 15th, 92nd, and 134th Battalions, CEF
Status on 31 December 1999: Active Militia Regiment

 

First World War

The 15th Battalion, CEF was unique in that it went overseas with an identity firmly established by one of the Militia units that raised it. The battalion wore the Davidson tartan kilt and adopted cap and collar badges associated it with the 48th Highlanders of Canada. The battalion served in France and Flanders as a component of the 3rd Infantry Brigade of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division. The 48th Highlanders also perpetuated the 92nd and 134th Battalions, which wore the Davidson tartan and were strongly associated with the 48th, but were broken up overseas for reinforcements.

 

Otter Committee

 

After the First World War, the 48th Regiment "Highlanders" emerged from the massive reorganizations of the Otter Committee relatively intact, with only a slight change in redesignation to become The 48th Regiment (Highlanders) on 15 May 1920, and then ten years later, "The 48th Highlanders of Canada".

 

Second World War

The 48th Highlanders mobilized a battalion for the Canadian Active Service Force on 1 September 1939. The battalion moved to the United Kingdom with the 1st Canadian Infantry Division, arriving on 16 December of the same year. The unit was a component of the 1st Canadian Infantry Brigade for the duration of the war. An abortive move to France was made in June 1940, but all troops were withdrawn from the Continent before contact was made with the Germans. The 1st Division landed on Sicily on 10 July 1943 and remained in the Mediterranean until February 1945; they, as part of 1st Canadian Corps, was repatriated to 1st Canadian Army in March and served in North-West Europe until V-E Day on 8 May 1945. The 1st Battalion, 48th Highlanders of Canada, as the active service unit came to be known, returned to Canada and disbanded on 31 December 1945. A 2nd Battalion served in Canada as part of the Reserve Army throughout the war.

 

A 3rd Canadian Infantry Battalion (48th Highlanders of Canada) was mobilized on 1 June 1945 for service with the Canadian Army Pacific Force, and trained for the invasion of Japan, before being disbanded on 1 November 1945.

 

Post War

 

On 4 May 1951, the regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies designated "E" and "F" Company (CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 245/51; and SD 1 Letter No. 4237, 5 May 1951). "E" Company was reduced to nil strength upon its personnel being incorporated into the '1st Canadian Highland Battalion' for service in Germany with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (SD 1 Letter No. 4365, 12 November 1951). It was disbanded on 29 July 1953 ( CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53). "F" Company was initially used as a reinforcement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength, upon its personnel being absorbed by the newly formed '2nd Canadian Highland Battalion' for service in Korea with the United Nations (SD 1 Letter No. 4452, 22 April 1952; and CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 283/52). "F" Company was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53).2

 

Battle Honours

 

South Africa, 1899-1900
Ypres '15, '17
St. Julien
Mount Sorrel
Pozières
Ancre Heights
Vimy, 1917
Scarpe, 1917, '18
Passchendaele
Drocourt-Quéant

Canal du Nord
France and Flanders, 1915-18
Valguarnera
Agira
Regalbuto
Landing at Reggio
Torella
The Gully
San Nicola-San Tommaso
Gustav Line
Hitler Line
Lamone Crossing

Rimini Line
Fosso Vecchio
Apeldoorn
Gravenstafel
Festubert, 1915
Somme, 1916

Thiepval
Arras 1917, '18
Arleux
Hill 70
Amiens

Hindenburg Line
Pursuit to Mons
Landing in Sicily
Assoro

Adrano
Sicily, 1943
Campobasso
San Leonardo
Ortona
Cassino II
Liri Valley
Gothic Line

Misano Ridge
San Martino-San Lorenzo
Italy, 1943-1945
North-West Europe,1944-45
 

 

 

Insignia
 

Cap Badge

 

The first pattern shown by Daniel Mazeas for the Regiment shows a falcon's head completely enclosed by a belt, with the numeral 48 as shown at right. The pattern was changed by 1904 to that shown below with the falcon displaced upwards to accommodate a scroll with the word HIGHLANDERS.

 

The cap badge is described by the Directorate of History and Heritage as:

On a torteau the number 48 Argent above a scroll Azure edged and inscribed HIGHLANDERS in letters Argent, all encircled by a belt Azure edged buckled and inscribed DILEAS GU BRATH in letters Argent, overall in chief on a wreath Argent and Gules a falcon's head couped Argent.

The use of the belted annulus in the design of the badge has been controversial; cap badges in the Second World War had the belt removed as it was considered an element of heraldry inappropriate to unit cap badges. The badge was described in Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army in 1964 as:

Within an annulus inscribed "DILEAS GU BRATH", the numeral "48"; above the numeral and resting on a bar, a falcon's head, couped; below the numeral a curved scroll inscribed "HIGHLANDERS".


 

Notes

  1. A-AD-267-000/AF-003 Official Lineages, Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments – Armour Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. June 11, 2010 accessed online at http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/ol-lo/vol-tom-3/par2/doc/ar.pdf

  2. Ibid

 

 


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