Regiments Main Page


Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

The Algonquin Regiment

The Algonquin Regiment was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army that briefly belonged to the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps from 1954 to 1965.

Lineage

  • 97th Regiment of Rifles formed in 1900 from four independent companies

  • Redesignated 97th Regiment "Algonquin Rifles" on 1 June 1903

  • Redesignated The Algonquin Rifles on 1 May 1920

  • Redesignated The Algonquin Regiment on 15 February 1929

  • Reorganized on 15 December 1936 when the regiment (less "B", "C" and "D" Companies) amalgamated with The Sault Ste. Marie Regiment to become The Sault Ste. Marie and Sudbury Regiment (M.G.) while the remainder amalgamated with The Northern Pioneers, retaining the designation The Algonquin Regiment

  • Redesignated The Algonquin Regiment (26th Armoured Regiment) 1 October 1954 and converted to armour

  • Redesignated The Algonquin Regiment (RCAC) 19 May 1958

  • Redesignated The Algonquin Regiment and converted back to infantry in 1965
     

The Algonquin Regiment

Headquarters: North Bay, ON
Predecessors: 97th Regiment "Algonquin Rifles", The Northern Pioneers
Perpetuates: 122nd, 159th, 162nd, 228th and 256th Battalions, CEF
Raised: 1900
Status on 31 December 1999: Active Militia Regiment

 

On 1 June 1922, The Algonquin Rifles were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization and reorganized the same day by authority of General Order 120/22. The change was administrative and has no affect on the lineage of the regiment. Likewise, The Algonquin Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization and amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day under the authority of General Order 189/36, in a similar administrative move that also did not break the lineage of the regiment.

On 15 December 1936, 'The Sault Ste. Marie Regiment' was amalgamated with "'Headquarters" and "A Company" of The Algonquin Regiment and redesignated The Sault Ste. Marie and Sudbury Regiment (MG) by authority of General Order 189/36. The unit eventually became the 49th Field Artillery Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery. The same day, The Northern Pioneers were amalgamated with "B", "C" and "D" Companies of The Algonquin Regiment, retaining the latter designation.

 

First World War

The 23rd Regiment "The Northern Pioneers" were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protective duties, contributing soldiers to the 1st Battalion, CEF, and later recruiting for the 122nd Battalions and 162nd Battalions of the CEF. Both units later provided reinforcements for units of the Canadian Corps in the field. The Algonquin Regiment was permitted to perpetuate the history of these CEF battalions.

 

The 97th Regiment "Algonquin Rifles" contributed men to the 15th Battalion, CEF in September 1915, and later recruited for the 159th, 228th and 256th Battalions. The latter two served in France as the 6th and 10th Battalions, Canadian Railway Troops while the 159th provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps.

 

Second World War

The Algonquin Regiment, CASF was mobilized on 24 May 1940, and served in Newfoundland from 7 February 1942 to 6 February 1943. The unit embarked for the United Kingdom on 19 June 1943, and landed in Normandy on 23-24 July 1944 as part of the 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade, a component of the 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division. The active unit, redesignated 1st Battalion, The Algonquin Regiment, was disbanded on 15 February 1946. A 2nd Battalion served in the Reserve Army.

 

Post War

On 4 May 1951, the regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies, designated "E" and "F" (CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 245/51 and SD 1 Letter No. 4237, 5 May 1951). "E" Company was reduced to nil strength upon its personnel being absorbed into the '1st Canadian Infantry Battalion' for service in Germany with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (SD 1 Letter No. 4365, 12 November 1951). It was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53). "F" Company was initially used as a reinforcement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength, upon its personnel being absorbed by the newly formed '2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion' for service in Korea with the United Nations (SD 1 Letter No. 4452, 22 April 1952 and CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 283/52). "F" Company was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53).1

Battle Honours

 

Ypres '15, '17
Arras, 1917
Hill 70
St. Quentin
Hindenburg Line
St. Quentin Canal
Cambrai, 1918
Falaise
The Laison
The Seine, 1944
The Scheldt
The Lower Maas
The Hochwald
Küsten Kanal
Festubert, 1915
Arras, 1917
Somme, 1918
Bapaume, 1918
Epehy
Beaurevoir
France and Flanders, '15, '17-'18
Falaise Road
Chambois
Moerkerke
Breskens Pocket
The Rhineland
Veen
Bad Zwischenhahn
North-West Europe,1944-45

 

Insignia
 

Cap Badge

The cap badge is described in "Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army" as:

Within an annulus inscribed "THE ALGONQUIN REGIMENT", the head of a bull moose, facing dexter; below the head of the bull moose, the motto "NE-KAH-NE-TAH"; supporting the annulus, on either side, two maple leaves; below the annulus, a scroll inscribed "CANADA", the whole surmounted by the Crown.

 
  Badge design (Queen's Crown) Combat Cap badge

Collar Badges


Collar badges were issued in left and right pairs, in either silver (officers) or white metal (other ranks). The badges measured 5/8" high by 1-1/4" wide.2

 

Metal Shoulder Titles


Officers wore silver 1/2" wide shoulder titles, other ranks wore white metal. The badges were a downwards arc with the word ALGONQUIN.

 
Buttons

Buttons featured the bull moose from the regimental crest, in white metal or silver, and came in three sizes.3

 

Cloth Shoulder Flashes


The overseas battalion wore a dark blue shoulder flash on Battle Dress during the Second World War, with yellow lettering. After the war, a similar title with CANADA was adopted.

 

Notes

  1. A-DH-267-000/AF-003 http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/ol-lo/vol-tom-3/par2/doc/ar.pdf

  2. Thompson, Roy J.C. Canadian Army Cap Badges 1953-1973, 2nd Edition

  3. Thompson, Ibid


Lieutenant-Colonel W.J. Megill, Commanding Officer, The Algonquin Regiment, Wadhurst, England, 22 November 1943. Megill wears the full range of unit insignia, including regimental shoulder flashes, CANADA titles, and the dark green patches of the 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division. Megill was destined to leave the battalion before it went into combat, in order to lead the 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 2nd Canadian Division through the Normandy campaign, and beyond.


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