Regiments Main Page


Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada

The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army during the 20th Century that continued its service into the 21st. The regiment was briefly on the order of battle as a Regular Force infantry regiment during the 1950s and 1960s, and reverted back to a one-battalion Militia unit in 1970.

Lineage

  • 5th Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles, Canada formed on 31 Jan 1862 at Montreal from six volunteer Militia companies

  • Redesignated The Royal Light Infantry of Montreal on 7 November 1862

  • Redesignated 5th Battalion Fusileers Montreal (sic) on 19 November 1875

  • Redesignated 5th Battalion, "Royal Fusiliers" Montreal on 14 January 1876

  • Redesignated 5th Battalion, "Royal Scots Fusiliers" on 27 February 1880

  • Redesignated 5th Battalion, "Royal Scots of Canada" on 29 February 1884

  • Redesignated 5th Regiment, "Royal Scots of Canada" on 8 May 1900

  • Redesignated 5th Regiment "Royal Scots of Canada, Highlanders" on 2 May 1904

  • Redesignated 5th Regiment "Royal Highlanders of Canada" on 1 October 1906

  • Redesignated The Royal Highlanders of Canada on 1 April 1920

  • Redesignated The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada on 1 July 1935

The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada

Headquarters: Various, see article
Predecessors: none
Perpetuates: 13th, 42nd and 73rd Battalions, CEF
Raised: 31 January 1862
Status on 31 December 1999: Active Militia Regiment

Early History

 

The regiment had provided personnel to guard the Canadian border during the Fenian Raids in 1866 and 1870, and contributed volunteers for South Africa during the Second Boer War in 1899-1902. The 5th Regiment, Royal Highlanders of Canada were expanded to a two-battalion Regiment on 1 August 1906 by General Order 125/06. Both battalions remained on the order of battle of the Non-Permanent Active Militia (i.e. were not regular, full-time battalions).

 

First World War

The regiment raised three kilted battalions for the Canadian Expeditionary Force, all of which served in the front line with the Canadian Corps. The 13th Battalion served with the 1st Division, the 42nd Battalion with the 3rd Division and the 73rd Battalion with the 4th Division. Three soldiers of the 13th Battalion (Lance Corporal Frederick Fisher, Corporal Herman Good, Private John Bernard Croak) and one of the 42nd (Private Thomas Dinesen) were awarded the Victoria Cross.

 

On 12 March 1920, as part of the reorganizations of the Otter Committee, the regiment was reorganized as a four-battalion regiment. The 1st and 2nd Battalions, The Royal Highlanders of Canada remained on the order of battle of the Non-Permanent Active Militia while the 3rd and 4th Battalions were reserve battalions. The latter were disbanded on 14 December 1936 during the reorganization of that year.

 

Second World War

Details of the regiment (designated The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada in 1935) were placed on active service on 26 August 1939 for local protective duties. At this time the regiment consisted of regimental headquarters and two N.P.A.M. battalions. The regiment mobilized a battalion for the Canadian Active Service Force (C.A.S.F.) on 1 September 1939. Components of the regiment as of 2 September thus included:

  • Regimental Headquarters, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, NPAM

  • 1st Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, CASF

  • 1st Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, CASF, Depot

  • 1st Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, NPAM

  • 2nd Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, NPAM

The C.A.S.F. unit was a component of the 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division and moved to the United Kingdom in August 1940 after a short tour of duty in Newfoundland. Three platoons were sent to Dieppe on 19 August 1942. The battalion landed in Normandy in July 1944, served throughout the Northwest Europe campaign, and was disbanded on 30 November 1945.

On 25 July 1940, the 1st Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, CASF, Depot, was absorbed into No. 4 District Depot. The N.P.A.M. was redesignated to become the Canadian Army (Reserve) and the two existing battalions of the N.P.A.M. were redesignated on 7 November 1940 to become the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion and 3rd (Reserve) Battalion while the C.A.S.F. unit was designated 1st Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada as part of the redesignation of the C.A.S.F. to become the Canadian Army (Active).

The Black Watch regimental structure after these changes on 7 November 1940:

  • Regimental Headquarters, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada (Reserve), Canadian Army
    (Reserve)

  • 1st (Active) Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Active)

  • 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Reserve)

  • 3rd (Reserve) Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Reserve)

A 2nd (Active) Battalion was placed on active service with effect 18 March 1942, serving with the 6th Division of Atlantic Command for home defence. The regimental structure then consisted of:

  • Regimental Headquarters, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada (Reserve), Canadian Army
    (Reserve)

  • 1st (Active) Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Active)

  • 2nd (Active) Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Active)

  • 3rd (Reserve) Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Reserve)

  • 4th (Reserve) Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Reserve)

The 2nd (Active) Battalion was disbanded on 15 August 1943, and the reserve battalions were again renumbered, the 4th Battalion becoming the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion.

  • Regimental Headquarters, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada (Reserve), Canadian Army
    (Reserve)

  • 1st (Active) Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Active)

  • 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Reserve)

  • 3rd (Reserve) Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Reserve)

On 30 November 1945, the 1st (Active) Battalion returned from duty overseas with the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division and was disbanded. The 3rd (Reserve) Battalion was redesignated to become the 1st Battalion once more and the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion was once more simply the 2nd Battalion.

  • Regimental Headquarters, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Reserve)

  • 1st Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Reserve)

  • 2nd Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, Canadian Army (Reserve)

On 31 March 1946, Regimental Headquarters and the 2nd Battalion were disbanded, and the 1st Battalion lost its numerical designation.1

 

Post War

 

The Black Watch provided a company to the 1st Canadian Highland Battalion raised for NATO service in West Germany on 4 May 1951, and on 10 April 1952 provided a second company for the 2nd Canadian Highland Battalion. On 16 October 1953, both battalions were redesignated the 1st and 2nd Battalions, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, with the Militia unit based in Montreal becoming the 3rd Battalion. A regimental depot at Gagetown, New Brunswick was authorized on 16 October 1953.

 

As a Regular Force regiment, the Black Watch served on NATO duty and peacekeeping missions overseas, notably Cyprus. Three soldiers of the unit were killed on duty serving with UNFICYP:

  • Cpl V.J. Perkin, Black Watch (RHR) of C, 18 Oct 1965

  • Pte J.P.E. Bernard, 2 Black Watch (RHR) of C, UNFICYP, 09 Jul 1966

  • Pte J.A. Lerue, 2 Black Watch (RHR) of C, UNFICYP, 09 Feb 19702

On 1 July 1970, the 1st and 2nd Battalions were reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle, and the Reserve Force battalion automatically surrendered its numerical designation, becoming simply "The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada" once again.

Battle Honours

 

The Regiment was awarded Battle Honours for South Africa and both World Wars (bold type indicates honours selected for emblazonment):

General Order No. 110 of 1929 granted honours for the First World War.

 

South Africa, 1899-1900
Ypres 1915, '17
St. Julien

Mount Sorrel
Pozières
Thiepval
Ancre, 1916
Vimy, 1917
Scarpe, 1917, '18
Passchendaele
Drocourt-Quéant
Canal du Nord
France and Flanders, 1915-18

Faubourg de Vaucelles
Falaise
Forêt de la Londe

Antwerp-Turnhout Canal
Woensdrecht
Walcheren Causeway

The Hochwald
The Rhine
Oldenburg
Gravenstavel
Festubert, 1915
Somme, 1916
Flers-Courcelette
Ancre Heights
Arras, 1917, '18
Arleux
Hill 70
Amiens
Hindenburg Line
Pursuit to Mons

Bourguébus Ridge
Verrières Ridge-Tilly-la-Campagne
Clair Tizon
Dunkirk, 1944
The Scheldt
South Beveland
The Rhineland
Xanten
Groningen
North-West Europe,1944-45
 

Traditions

Regimental Alliances
  • Formed a Regimental Alliance with The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of the British Army.

Motto

Nemo Me Impune Lacessit (Latin: No one assails me with impunity)

Regimental March

The Highland Laddie

Insignia
 

Cap Badge

The cap badge is described in "Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army" as:

Superimposed upon a diamond cut Star of the Order of the Thistle, a wreath of thistles; within the wreath, an oval inscribed "NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT"; within the oval, on a recessed seeded ground, St. Andrew and Cross; above the oval, a scroll inscribed "THE BLACK WATCH"; superimposed upon the scroll and surmounting the oval, the Crown; below the oval, two scrolls, the upper inscribed "ROYAL HIGHLAND REGIMENT", the lower bearing the inscription "OF CANADA".3

 

Red Hackle

The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of the British Army had jealously guarded its right to wear a red hackle on its headdress. The tradition was granted to the Canadian regiment in homage to its service in the First World War. The hackle was worn on tam o'shanters and balmorals in place of the metal cap badge, and during the Second World War a red hackle insignia marking was seen on steel helmets during the 1st Battalion's time in the United Kingdom. A tall red hackle was also worn on the feather bonnets of the Regimental Pipes and Drums.

 

Notes

  1. Thanks to Mark Tonner for his research and advice

  2. http://www.cavunp.org/honour.html

  3. The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army, Queen's Printer, Ottawa, 1964, pp.122-125

 

 


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