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Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

The King's Own Calgary Regiment

The King's Own Calgary Regiment was a regiment of the Canadian Army during the 20th Century that continued its service into the 21st; originally raised as an infantry unit in 1910 it was one of six units designated as an Infantry (Tank) battalion between the wars, then converted to armour during the Second World War.

Lineage

  • 103rd Regiment "Calgary Rifles" formed on 1 April 1910

  • Redesignated The Calgary Regiment on 15 March 1920

  • 2nd Battalion of The Calgary Regiment redesignated 2nd Battalion,   The Calgary Regiment on 15 September 1921 (the 1st Battalion had been redesignated 1st Battalion, Calgary Highlanders, The Calgary Regiment)

  • Regiment reorganized as two separate regiments; split into The Calgary Highlanders and The Calgary Regiment on 15 May 1924

  • Amalgamated with Battalion Headquarters and "B" Company of the 13th Machine Gun Battalion, Canadian Machine Gun Corps on 1 April 1936 with no immediate change in designation.

  • Redesignated The Calgary Regiment (Tank) 15 December 1936

  • Redesignated 14th (Reserve) Army Tank Battalion (The Calgary Regiment) (Tank) on 1 April 1941

  • Redesignated 14th (Reserve) Army Tank Regiment (The Calgary Regiment (Tank)) on 15 August 1942

  • Redesignated 14th Armoured Regiment (Calgary Regiment) 1 April 1946

  • Redesignated 14th Armoured Regiment (King's Own Calgary Regiment) 22 July 1946

  • Redesignated The King's Own Calgary Regiment (14th Armoured Regiment) 4 February 1949

  • Redesignated The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC) 19 May 1958

The King's Own Calgary Regiment

Headquarters: Calgary, AB
Predecessors: 103rd Regiment, Calgary Rifles
Perpetuates: 50th, 89th and 137th Battalions, CEF and 13th MG Battalion, Canadian Machine Gun Corps 1919-1936
Raised: 1 April 1910
Status on 31 December 1999: Active Reserve Force Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment

First World War

The 103rd Regiment placed details on active service for local protective duty on 6 August 1914, and soldiers of the 103rd Regiment helped staff prisoner of war and internment camps in Alberta. The Regiment provided drafts to the 10th Battalion, CEF on its formation in September, 1914 and later recruited for the 50th, 56th, 82nd, 89th and 137th Battalions of the CEF. The Calgary Highlanders were later permitted to perpetuate the 10th Battalion (in a dual perpetuation with The Winnipeg Light Infantry, as the 106th Regiment had also contributed materially to the unit on formation), the 56th and 82nd Battalions, with The Calgary Regiment perpetuating the 50th Battalion, which served in the 4th Division, and the 89th and 137th, which served as reinforcement units. Private John G. Pattison of the 50th Battalion was awarded the Victoria Cross for actions at Vimy Ridge on 10 April 1917.1

 

Reorganization - The Calgary Regiment

 

Upon redesignation of the 103rd Calgary Rifles as The Calgary Regiment on 15 March 1920, the unit was organized as a four battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (50th Battalion, CEF) and 2nd Battalion (56th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 3rd Battalion (82nd Battalion, CEF) and 4th Battalion (137th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle (i.e. paper units). The reserve battalions were disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).2

 

In 1936 during modernization of the Militia, the Canadian Machine Gun Corps was dismantled, with individual infantry battalions being repurposed as machine gun battalions. The '13th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC' originated in Edmonton, Alberta on 1 June 1919, when the '13th Machine Gun Brigade, CMGC' was authorized to be formed. It was redesignated the '13th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC' on 15 September 1924 and on 1 April 1936 it was amalgamated with 'The Calgary Regiment'.

 

Six infantry battalions were also designated as "Tank" battalions; The Calgary Regiment became one of them in December 1936. The Canadian Armoured Corps was not created until the Second World War.

 

Second World War

The Calgary Regiment (Tank) placed details on active service on 1 September 1939 for local protective duty. The 14th Army Tank Battalion (The Calgary Regiment (Tank)) was mobilized on 11 February 1941 and embarked for the United Kingdom on 20 June 1941. The unit was redesignated the 14th Army Tank Regiment (The Calgary Regiment (Tank)) on 15 May 1942, and was assigned to Operation RUTTER, which was cancelled and remounted as Operation JUBILEE, the raid on Dieppe. The unit landed Churchill tanks during the raid on 19 August 1942, the first Canadian armoured unit to see action in the Second World War. The unit was re-equipped with the Sherman tank and went to Sicily in July 1943. In August 1943, the unit was redesignated 14th Canadian Armoured Regiment (The Calgary Regiment). As part of the 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade, the unit moved to Italy on 3 September 1943 and fought through several battles of the Italian Campaign, moving to North-West Europe on 9 March 1945. The active unit disbanded on 15 December 1945. A 14th (Reserve) Army Tank Regiment (The Calgary Regiment (Tank)) served in the Reserve Army in Canada during the war.3

 

The regiment was granted the King's Own prefix following the Second World War and continued to operate Sherman tanks into the 1970s. Later equipment included Cougar AVGPs.

 

Battle Honours

 

The Regiment was awarded Battle Honours for both World Wars (bold type indicates honours selected for emblazonment):
 

Ypres 1915, '17
Mount Sorrel
Ancre Heights
Arras, 1917, '18
Hill 70
Amiens
Drocourt-Quéant

Canal du Nord
France and Flanders, 1915-18
Sicily, 1943
San Leonardo
Cassino II
Pignataro
Aquino
Arezzo
Cerrone
Festubert, 1915
Somme, 1916
Ancre, 1916
Vimy, 1917
Passchendaele
Scarpe, 1918
Hindenburg Line
Valenciennes

Dieppe
Motta Montecorvino
The Gully
Gustav Line
Liri Valley
Trasimene Line
Advance to Florence
Italy, 1943-1945
North-West Europe, 1942, 1945


Insignia

 

The badge initially approved for The Calgary Regiment was approved, according to Mazeas, in 1925. Surviving examples are in bi-metal. The badge was patterned after the coat of arms of the City of Calgary. There was apparently a conflict in that the Sovereign's Crown was not superior to other devices on the badge - the sunburst instead taking priority. For that reason, it is said, the sunburst does not appear on the badge of the King's Own Calgary Regiment which appeared in 1949.

The cap badge of The King's Own Calgary Regiment is described as follows:

On a shield Argent a cross Gules surmounted by a maple leaf in autumnal tints charged with a bison statant on a mound, on a chief the local landscape at sunset all proper, the shield ensigned by the Royal Crown, supported dexter by a horse, sinister by a steer, adorned beneath with a rose between shamrocks and thistles all proper, the whole set upon three scrolls Or, the upper one inscribed with the motto ONWARD and the two below inscribed KING'S OWN CALGARY REGIMENT in letters Azure.4

The symbolism is described officially as:

The Crown represents service to the Sovereign. The badge, incorporates the shield, the horse, the steer and the roses, thistles and shamrocks, as adopted by the City of Calgary in 1902. "KING'S OWN CALGARY REGIMENT" is a form of the regimental title and "ONWARD" is the motto of the regiment.5

 

Notes

  1. The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army, Queen's Printer, Ottawa, 1964, pp.101-102

  2. A-AD-267-000/AF-003 Official Lineages, Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments – Armour Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. June 11, 2010 accessed online at http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/ol-lo/vol-tom-3/par1/arm-bli/KOCR-eng.asp

  3. Regiments and Corps, ibid

  4. Official Lineages, Ibid

  5. Ibid


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