Regiments Main Page


Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

The Canadian Guards

The Canadian Guards was an infantry regiment of Foot Guards formed in the 1950s as part of an expansion of the Canadian Army Active Force. The Guards were patterned after Guards Regiments of the British Army. They enjoyed a short life and were removed from the order of battle shortly after Unification.
 

The Canadian Guards

Headquarters: Petawawa, ON
Predecessor: None
Perpetuates: None
Raised: 16 October 1953
To Supplementary Order of Battle: 6 July 1970

 

History

On 16 October 1953, The Canadian Guards were formed as part of the Canadian Army Active Force (the regular Army). Four battalions were raised for this Regiment.


1st Battalion

The 1st Battalion was not created until 15 April 1954, when 3rd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment was redesignated as such.

The 1st Battalion did a six-month tour of Cyprus as part of UNFICYP beginning in September 1964.

On 1 October 1968, the 1st Battalion was reduced to nil strength, as well as the Regimental Band, leaving only the 2nd Battalion on the order of battle.


2nd Battalion

The 2nd Battalion had been created on 8 January 1954, when 3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry was redesignated. On 1 October 1968, the battalion was reduced to three rifle companies, but continued as an Ace Mobile Force unit, and participated in NATO exercises in Denmark in 1969. Many soldiers left the Guards in 1968 for The Canadian Airborne Regiment.


3rd & 4th Battalions

On 16 October 1953, the 3rd Battalion was created, as a redesignation of 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion (part of the 27th Canadian Brigade), and the 4th Battalion was created the same day, as a redesignation of 2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion.

The 4th Battalion served in Korea from 14 April 1954 to 29 October 1954.

On 31 March 1957, both the 3rd and 4th Battalions were disbanded, with personnel going to form cadres for two new regiments of the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps.


Regimental Band

On 22 April 1954, the 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion Band was redesignated as the Canadian Guards Band. The Band was disbanded on 30 September 1968.


Regimental Pipes and Drums

Two regimental pipes bands were formed in the Canadian Guards.


2nd Battalion

The 2nd Battalion, Canadian Guards formed a pipe band in February 1954 under Pipe Major Archie Cairns, formerly of The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's). From 1957-1959 the band accompanied the battalion on NATO duty in West Germany. In 1960, they returned to Petawawa, performing public duties on Parliament Hill in the summers.

In 1964 Pipe Major Cairns was posted to the volunteer Royal Canadian Air Force Pipes and Drums in Ottawa, where he would become the first Regular Force piper to achieve the rank of Chief Warrant Officer. He was succeeded in the 2nd Battalion Pipes and Drums by Pipe Major William Stirling, who was in turn replaced in 1969 by Pipe Major John Huggan. In 1970, when the Regiment was reduced to nil strength, the pipers and drummers went to the 3rd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment, to become the pipe band of that battalion.


4th Battalion

After returning from Korea in November 1954, Regimental Headquarters obtained authority for a pipe band and a British Army Pipe Major to lead it. The Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Colonel Strome Galloway, was reported to have been surprised when Pipe Major Ronald "Ronnie" Hill reported for duty in July 1955. The band had few active pipers to draw from in the battalion, but the band developed to the point it was parading with the 2nd Battalion pipe band at the Canadian National Exhibition in 1956.


Regimental Depot

The Regimental Depot was activated on 1 September 1954 in Camp Petawawa. On 3 June 1968, the Depot of The Canadian Guards was closed in the wake of Unification.


Canadian Guards Regimental Association

The Canadian Guards Regimental Association was a veterans association discussed in February 1969 by six serving and retired members of The Canadian Guards. Their stated aim was to "foster, maintain and promote the well being of former members of the Regiment, to maintain the comradeship of their Regimental service and to further the best interests of the Regiment among other military and civic groups or associations." The Association was officially established in October 1969 with Regimental Sergeant Major Jim Baird elected as President.

Association Headquarters was established in Ottawa, to become the parent organization for other branches established in Petawawa, Picton and the Atlantic provinces. Less formal gatherings of Canadian Guardsmen have assembled on occasion outside these areas, such as Victoria and Kingston, where functions to commemorate the Regimental Birthday met with some success.

The Association maintained contact through regular newletters, and later via email.

Over 7,000 Canadian soldiers belonged to the Canadian Guards in its short history, with 1,600 additional members of the Canadian Forces serving in support roles with battalions of the Guards or at the Regimental Depot. All were entitled to join the Association as members.

At the end of the 20th Century, membership was approximately 550.


Militia Regiments

On 1 September 1954, two regiments of the Canadian Army Reserve Force were redesignated:

The Governor General's Foot Guards (5th Battalion, Canadian Guards) at Ottawa were a redesignation of The Governor General's Foot Guards.


The Canadian Grenadier Guards (6th Battalion, Canadian Guards) at Montreal were a redesignation of The Canadian Grenadier Guards.

In 1969, the two Militia battalions each formed a company-sized Public Duties Detachment. The two Militia battalions, retained their Canadian Guards designations until 1976, when they resumed their former identities. In 1979, the Public Duties Detachment was renamed The Ceremonial Guard.


Public Duties

The Canadian Guards began performing public duties on Parliament Hill in 1959, passing those duties on to the Public Duties Detachment (later Ceremonial Guard) in 1969.


Final Parade

On 6 June 1970, with only the 2nd Battalion still active, a Final Trooping and Laying Up of the Regiment Colours was conducted, and on 6 July 1970, the battalion was redesignated as the 3rd Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment. The Canadian Guards was officially added to the Supplementary Order of Battle.


Regimental Traditions


Motto

A Mari Usque Ad Mare (Latin: From sea to sea. This motto also appears on the official coat of arms of Canada.)


Regimental March

Quick Time: The Standard of St. George
Slow Time: From Sea to Sea

Museum

A Regimental Museum was created at CFB Petawawa, known as "The Regiment of Canadian Guards Museum."


 

Insignia

 

Cap Badge

The cap badge is described in "Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army" as:

A ten-pointed star of sixty rays; on the centre an annulus bearing the motto "A MARI USQUE AD MARE"; within the annulus, three hard maple leaves conjoined on one stem; superimposed upon the topmost point of the star and ensigning the remainder of the design, the Crown.

 

Thompson: Q12 brass other ranks badge Thompson: Q12c miniature gilt and silver officers' badge Thompson: Q12d Pipe Band badge
  Thompson also desrcibes:

 Q12a brass and white metal NCO badge
 Q12b gilt and silver officers' badge

 


Buttons

Image:Buttcanadianguards.jpg

According to Smylie and Thompson, these buttons were issued in brass and gilt, in three sizes. Smylie Reference Number: F-131. The buttons were spaced singly on the jacket, and not in the manner of some British Foot Guards regiments.

Cloth Shoulder Badges

Numbered battalion titles were worn with "plain" un-numbered titles worn by troops at the Depot.

 


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