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Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's)

The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army during the 20th Century that continued its service into the 21st.1

Lineage

  • 88th Regiment "Victoria Fusiliers" authorized on 3 September 1912

  • 50th Regiment authorized 15 August 1913

  • 50th and 88th Regiments amalgamated and redesignated The Canadian Scottish Regiment on 15 March 1920

  • Reorganized into 1st Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment and 2nd Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment on 1 August 1930

  • 2nd Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment amalgamated with "A" Company, 11th Canadian Machine Gun Battalion, Canadian Machine Gun Corps and redesignated 2nd Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment (M.G.), 15 December 1936

  • 1st Battalion redesignated 3rd (Reserve) Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment on 7 November 1940

  • 3rd (Reserve) Battalion redesignated 3rd (Reserve) Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment (M.G.) 26 March 1942

  • 2nd Battalion redesignated 66th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Canadian Scottish Regiment) 1 April 1946

  • 3rd Battalion redesignated The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) 29 April 1948

  • Amalgamated with 66th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment and 62nd Anti-Tank Battery (Self-Propelled) 31 December 1954

The Canadian Scottish Regiment
(Princess Mary's)

Headquarters: Victoria, BC
Predecessors: 50th and 88th Regiments
Perpetuates: 16th, 48th, 67th, 88th, 103rd and 143rd Battalions, CEF
Created: 15 March 1920
Status on 31 December 1999: Active Militia Regiment

First World War

The 50th and 88th Regiments were placed on active service on 10 August 1914 for local protective duties, and contributed to the 16th and 7th Battalions of the CEF respectively, later recruiting for the 48th, 67th, 88th, 103rd and 143rd Battalions.

 

The 16th Battalion drew its initial companies from four Highland Regiments across Canada and its companies originally went to Valcartier and later the UK in the tartan of those regiments; the 50th (Gordon Highlanders of Canada) from Victoria, 72nd (Seaforth Highlanders of Canada) from Vancouver,  73rd (Cameron Highlanders of Canada) from Winnipeg, 91st (Canadian Highlanders) from Hamilton, later The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada.

 

The 16th Battalion became known as simply "Canadian Scottish" and adopted a predominantly khaki tartan. It served with the 3rd Infantry Brigade of the 1st Canadian Division, and four soldiers of the Battalion were awarded the Victoria Cross:

 

  • Private (Piper) James Cleland Richardson - 8 October 1916

  • Private W.J. Milne - 9 April 1917

  • Lieutenant Colonel Cyrus W. Peck, DSO

  • Lance Corporal W.H. Metcalf, MM - 2 September 1918

 

Second World War

Details of The Canadian Scottish Regiment were placed on active service on 1 September 1939 for local protective duty. The Regiment mobilized "1st Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment, Canadian Active Service Force" on 24 May 1940. The unit concentrated with other units of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division in Debert, Nova Scotia and embarked for the United Kingdom on 25 August 1941. The active battalion landed in Normandy on 6 June 1944 as a component of the 7th Canadian Infantry Brigade and served throughout the campaign in North-west Europe, disbanding on 15 January 1946.

 

The regiment mobilized "2nd Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment, CASF" on 1 January 1941. The 2nd Battalion served in Canada and disbanded on 15 October 1943.

 

An additional unit, designation 4th Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment, was formed on 1 June 1945 for service in the Canadian Army Occupation Force, and it served in Germany until disbandment on 29 April 1946.

 

Two battalions (the 2nd, and 3rd (Reserve) Battalions) served in the Reserve Army during the war.

 

Battle Honours

 

The Regiment was awarded Battle Honours for both World Wars (bold type indicates honours selected for emblazonment):

General Order No. 110 of 1929 granted honours for the First World War.

 

Ypres 1915, '17
St. Julien

Mount Sorrel
Pozières
Thiepval
Ancre, 1916
 Vimy, 1917
Scarpe, 1917, '18
Passchendaele
Drocourt-Quéant
Pursuit to Mons
France and Flanders, 1915-18
Putot-en-Bessin
The Orne
The Laison
The Scheldt
Breskens Pocket
Waal Flats
The Rhine
Deventer
Gravenstavel
Festubert, 1915

Somme, 1916
Flers-Courcelette
Ancre Heights
Arras, 1917, 18
Arleux
Hill 70
Amiens
Hindenburg Line
Canal du Nord
Normandy Landing
Caen

Falaise
Calais, 1944
Leopold Canal
The Rhineland
Moyland Wood
Emmerich-Hoch Elten
North-West Europe,1944-45
 

Traditions

Regimental Alliances
  • Officially granted a Regimental Alliance with The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) on 15 March 1927.

Regimental Motto
  • The Regimental motto is Deas Gu Cath

Official Marches
  • Quick Time: All the Blue Bonnets are O'er the Border

Uniforms

T
he 16th Battalion had worn the tartan of the four contributing regiments on formation (Gordon (50th Regiment), Mackenzie (72nd Regiment) Cameron of Erracht (73rd Regiment) and Government (91st Regiment)) and later adopted one tartan for all with a khaki field. When The Canadian Scottish Regiment was created, a mixture of regimental styles of dress continued, with the plain blue glengarry of the Camerons, the red and white hose of the Argylls, the unique sporran of the Gordons, and the Mackenzie tartan kilt of the Seaforths. The latter was useful, since due to shortages of equipment, items of Highland kit often had to be borrowed from Vancouver's Seaforth Highlanders for dress parades up to 1927. After the alliance with The Royal Scots, the Hunting Stuart tartan was officially adopted, and though the Royal Scots were a lowland regiment (i.e. wore trews, or tartan trousers), the Canadian Scottish wore the kilt, as did one Territorial battalion of the Royal Scots. In actual use, the 2nd Battalion received new kilts first, Ordnance informed the 1st Battalion that they had to first wear out their Mackenzie Tartan kilts before new ones would be issued. It is recorded that even as late as 1939, some soldiers of the 1st Battalion were still clad in the Mackenzie tartan.2

 

Insignia
 

Metal Shoulder Titles

 

When Battle Honours for the First World War were being considered in the 1920s, the units that perpetuated the 10th and 16th Battalions of the CEF were perturbed that they did not receive recognition for the Battle of Kitcheners' Wood.  That battle had marked the first offensive action taken by Canadian soldiers in the First World War, and was later described by Marshall Foch as "the finest act in the War."  The commanding officers of the three battalions (The Canadian Scottish Regiment, The Calgary Highlanders, and The Winnipeg Light Infantry) petitioned Ottawa, and gained the support of many prominent individuals such as Sir Arthur Currie.  The Adjutant General proposed that a distinction in dress be awarded in lieu of a battle honour.

In June 1926, it was suggested that one or more oak leaves on a blood red background be adopted as a collar badge, as Kitcheners Wood had been an oak plantation.   The Calgary Highlanders preferred a badge be worn on the lower sleeve while the WLI preferred an upper sleeve badge.  All three agreed that an acorn and oak leaf design was desirable.  The Adjutant General agreed that a collar badge depicting a single acorn and oak leaf was acceptable, and could be worn in conjunction with existing collar badges, as precedence for double collar badges had been set in the British Army by The Seaforth Highlanders and The Royal Irish Fusiliers.

In 1930, the Adjutant General's office proposed that the collar badges of the individual units be set upon a bronze oak leaf.  This idea was rejected, and in 1933 a metal shoulder badge was agreed upon.  The Calgary Highlanders and Canadian Scottish wanted the full name of the regiment to be part of the design, while the WLI wanted only their initials.

General Orders in 1934 granted authority for the Calgary Highlanders and Canadian Scottish to wear bronze oak leaf and acorn badges with their names inscribed on an annulus.  The WLI were to wear a badge consisting of the oak leaf and acorn with the initials on the regiment superimposed
.3

 

Notes

  1. The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army, Queen's Printer, Ottawa, 1964, pp.233-235

  2. Roy, Reginald H. Ready for the Fray (Deas gu Cath): The History of The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) (Bunker to Bunker Publishing, Calgary, AB, 2002) ISBN 1-894255-11-9 pp.1-26


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