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Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry

Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army that was, uniquely, the last privately raised regiment in British Empire. The regiment was retained on the order of battle as one of Canada's permanent infantry regiments throughout the 20th Century and into the 21st. 

Lineage

  • 10 August 1914: Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry raised at Ottawa, ON.

  • November 1915: Transferred to Canadian Expeditionary Force

  • 19 March 1919: Disbanded.

  • 1 April 1919: Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry reformed as part of the Permanent Force.
     

Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry

Headquarters: various
Predecessors: none
Perpetuates: 260th Battalion, CEF
Raised: 10 August 1914
Status on 31 December 1999: Active Regular Force Regiment with Reserve Force affiliation

History

The regiment was organized at Ottawa, Ontario on 10 August 1914 by Hamilton Gault, and recruited from former soldiers for service in the British Army rather than the Canadian Expeditionary Force. The unit went overseas and arrived in the U.K. on 14 October 1914, joining the 80th Brigade of the 27th Division. It moved to the Continent on 21 December 1914, and fought its first actions with as a component of this British formation, notably seeing action at Frezenberg during the 2nd Battle of Ypres. On 25 November 1915, the battalion was transferred to the Canadian Expeditionary Force, where it served in the 7th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division. Three soldiers of the battalion were awarded the Victoria Cross, including Lieutenant H. McKenzie (30 October 1917), Sergeant G.H. Mullin, MM (30 October 1917) and Sergeant R. Spall (12-13 August 1918).

The PPCLI returned to Canada and disbanded on 19 March 1919.1 On 1 April 1919, the PPCLI was reconstituted as a regiment of the Permanent Active Militia, the full-time component of Canada's armed forces. The CEF component was officially disbanded by General Order 149/20 on 30 August 1920.2

The regiment was placed on active service on 1 September 1939, and on 22 December 1939 embarked for the United Kingdom as a component of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division. The unit served in Sicily, Italy, and North-West Europe and returned to Canada in September 1945. The overseas battalion disbanded on 1 March 1946.

A second Battalion was raised on 1 June 1945 for service in the Pacific. This battalion was designated 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion (Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry). On 2 September 1945, when the Canadian Army Pacific Force was disbanded, this battalion was re-designated 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry. On 1 March 1946 the battalion became simply Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, CIC, and on 27 June 1946 became a component of the post-war Permanent Force (Active Force). Battalions of the PPCLI served successively in Korea as part of the 25th Canadian Brigade, itself a component of the 1st Commonwealth Division.

On 7 August 1950, a 2nd Battalion was formed for service with the Canadian Army Special Force, the field force created for employment in the Korean War. On 1 January 1952, the 2nd Battalion officially "ceased to be embodied" in the CASF. A 1st Battalion was embodied in the CASF from 29 September 1951 to 31 December 1952, and a 3rd Battalion from 30 November 1950 to 1 November 1953. The 3rd Battalion was reduced to nil strength on 8 January 1954 and disbanded on 21 July 1954.

On 27 April 1970, following major reorganizations of the Regular Force, a 3rd Battalion was authorized once more.

Battalions

After the Second World War, the regiment was divided into a number of separate battalions.

On 19 October 1954, The Loyal Edmonton Regiment changed its designation to become "The Loyal Edmonton Regiment (3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry)". The designation changed to "4th Battalion" when the PPCLI regained a third battalion of its own. The Loyal Edmonton Regiment remained a separate regiment, however, with distinct lineage, battle honours and perpetuations.

Perpetuations

  • 260th Battalion, CSEF (perpetuation granted in 1997).

Field Force Contributions

The regiment went overseas to participate in the First World War as a whole. In the Second World War, the regiment mobilized as part of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division. A second battalion was raised for the Canadian Army Pacific Force in 1945.

In the Korean War, three numbered battalions were designated in 1950, and subsequently served in succession as part of the 25th Canadian Brigade. The 2nd Battalion, authorized on 7 Aug 1950, was the first to see combat, and were relieved by the 1st Battalion (itself a redesignation of the regiment at home). The 3rd Battalion was raised on 30 Nov 1950 and served in Korea in 1953. The regiment retained three battalions until 8 Jan 1954, when the 3rd Battalion was rebadged as a battalion of The Canadian Guards. A 3rd Battalion was once again created in 1970, when the Guards were disbanded.

Battle Honours

 

Ypres, 1915, '17
Bellewaarde
Somme, 1916
Ancre Heights
Vimy, 1917
Amiens
Hindenburg Line
Pursuit to Mons

Siberia 1918-1919
Landing in Sicily
Agira
The Moro
Liri Valley
Gothic Line
San Fortunato
Naviglio Canal
Granarolo
Appeldoorn
Kapyong
Frezenberg
Mount Sorrel
Flers-Courcelette
Arras, 1917, '18
Arleux
Passchendaele
Scarpe, 1918

Canal Du Nord
France and Flanders 1914-18
Leonforte
Sicily, 1943
The Gully
Hitler Line
Rimini Line
Savio Bridgehead
Fosso Munio
Italy 1943-1945
North-West Europe 1945
Korea, 1950-1953

 

Honorary Distinction

The United States Presidential Unit Citation battle streamer and shoulder badge were awarded for the actions of the 2nd Battalion, PPCLI at Kapyong on 24 and 25 April 1951. The streamer and badge belong to the 2nd Battalion alone. The streamer is worn on the Regimental Colour of the 2nd Battalion while the Presidential Unit Citation (at the time of the award, the distinction was referred to as the Distinguished Unit Citation) in the form of a small blue badge was worn on the sleeve of the dress uniform (battle dress, service dress, and later the CF uniform and DEU). Any soldier on the strength of the 2nd Battalion, PPCLI wears the PUC as it is a unit award, and any soldier who was on the strength of the 2nd Battalion, PPCLI during the Battle of Kapyong was permitted to wear the citation even in the event of transfer from the battalion.

 

Insignia

 

The regimental badge is described as follows:

Description

Argent the coronet of Her Royal Highness Princess Patricia enfiled by her cypher Or all within an annulus Gules edged and inscribed PRINCESS PATRICIA'S CANADIAN LIGHT INFANTRY in letters Or the whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper.


Symbolism


The crown represents service to the Sovereign. The cypher and coronet are those of H.R.H. Princess Patricia, the granddaughter of Queen Victoria, who granted the regiment the right to bear her name. "PRINCESS PATRICIA'S CANADIAN LIGHT INFANTRY" is the regimental title.
3
 

Notes

  1. Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army, p.116

  2. A-DH-267-000/AF-003 p.2-2-186 accessed online at http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/ol-lo/vol-tom-3/par2/ppclir-eng.asp

  3. Ibid

 


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