Regiments Main Page


Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
1

|

2 | 3 | 4 | 5
6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10
11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15
16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20
21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25
26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30
31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35
36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40
41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45
46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50
51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55
56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60
61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65
66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70
71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75
76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80
81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85
86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90
91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95
96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100
101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105
106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110

CEF Battalions 1914-1920

|

| | |
6 | | | 9 |
11 | 12 | | |
| 17 | | 19 | 20
21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25
26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30
31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35
36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40
41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45
46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50
51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55
56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60
61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65
66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70
71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75
76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80
81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85
86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90
91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95
96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100
101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105
106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110
111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115
116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120
121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125
126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130
131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135
136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140
141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145
146 | 147 | 148 | 149 | 150
151 | 152 | 153 | 154 | 155
156 | 157 | 158 | 159 | 160
161 | 162 | 163 | 164 | 165
166 | 167 | 168 | 169 | 170
171 | 172 | 173 | 174 | 175
176 | 177 | 178 | 179 | 180
181 | 182 | 183 | 184 | 185
186 | 187 | 188 | 189 | 190
191 | 192 | 193 | 194 | 195
196 | 197 | 198 | 199 | 200
201

|

202 | 203 | 204 | 205
206 | 207 | 208 | 209 | 210
211 | 212 | 213 | 214 | 215
216 | 217 | 218 | 219 | 220
221 | 222 | 223 | 224 | 225
226 | 227 | 228 | 229 | 230
231 | 232 | 233 | 234 | 235
236 | 237 | 238 | 239 | 240
241 | 242 | 243 | 244 | 245
246 | 247 | 248 | 249 | 250
251 | 252 | 253 | 254 | 255
256 | 257 | 258 | |

Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

Royal 22e Régiment

The Royal 22e Régiment was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army created after the First World War as a permanently established francophone infantry unit on the order of battle, where it remained throughout the 20th Century and into the 21st.1

Lineage

  • 7 November 1914: 22nd (French-Canadian) Battalion organized for service with the Canadian Expeditionary Force.

  • 20 May 1919: 22nd Battalion disbanded.

  • 1 April 1920: 22nd Regiment reformed as part of the Permanent Force.

  • Redesignated Royal 22nd Regiment 1 June 1921

  • Redesignated Royal 22e Régiment 15 June 1928

Royal 22e Régiment

Headquarters: various
Predecessors: 22nd Battalion, CEF
Perpetuates: various
Raised: 1 April 1920
Status on 31 December 1999: Active Regular Force Regiment with Reserve Force affiliation

History

The 22nd (French Canadian) Battalion arrived in the United Kingdom on 29 March 1915 and served with the 5th Infantry Brigade of the 2nd Canadian Division. The battalion moved to France on 15 September 1915 and participated in every major engagement in which the 2nd Canadian Division served. Two soldiers of the Battalion were awarded the Victoria Cross: Corporal Joseph Kaeble, MM for action on 8-9 June 1918, and Lieutenant Jean Brillant for actions at Amiens on 8-9 August 1918.

Between the wars, the newly reorganized 22nd Regiment was selected as one of only three units to be kept on the order of battle of the Permanent Force, Canada's standing regular army. In 1939, the regiment was placed on active service and went overseas as a unit of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 1st Canadian Division, arriving in the U.K. on 17 December 1939. The unit went to Sicily in August 1943, and landed in Italy on 3 September 1943. Acting Major Paul Triquet was awarded the Victoria Cross for actions at Casa Berardi on 14 December 1943. In March 1945 the regiment moved to North-West Europe as part of Operation GOLDFLAKE and ended the war in the Netherlands.

The unit returned to Canada in September 1945. A second battalion (designated "1st Canadian Infantry Battalion (Royal 22e Régiment)" was authorized for use in the Canadian Army Pacific Force on 1 June 1945. The CAPF was modelled on the 1st Canadian Infantry Division, but following the detonation of two atomic bombs on Japan in August, and subsequent Japanese surrender, the force was disbanded and the battalion redesignated 2nd Battalion, Royal 22e Régiment. The battalion still serving in the Canadian Army (Active) was disbanded on 1 March 1946, and the 2nd Battalion dropped the "2nd Battalion" designation from its title.2 On 27 June 1946, the Regiment was once again made a permanent peacetime standing army.3

The Royal 22e Régiment was one of three Canadian infantry regiments to see active combat service in the Korean War, making up the 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group, itself a component of the 1st Commonwealth Division. The 2nd Battalion served in Korea from 4 May 1951 to 21 April 1953, replaced by the 1st Battalion on 20 April 1952, which served for one year until 21 April 1953. The 3rd Battalion served from 16 April 1953 to 27 July 1953.

The final combat deployment of the regiment during the 20th Century occurred when "C" Company of the 1st Battalion deployed to Doha, Qatar to provide airfield security during the Gulf War from 24 December 1990 to the end of March 1991.

Battalions

After the Second World War, the regiment was divided into a number of separate battalions.

  • Converted to a parachute battalion on 7 January 1950

  • 2nd Battalion authorized 7 August 1950

  • 3rd Battalion authorized 30 November 1950

  • 4th Battalion created 1 September 1954 when Le Régiment de Châteauguay amalgamated with the Royal 22e Régiment and was redesignated 4e Bataillon, Royal 22e Régiment.

    • Redesignated 4e Bataillon, Royal 22e Régiment (Châteauguay) 27 April 1956

  • 5th Battalion created 1 September 1954 by amalgamation of Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent and Le Régiment de Montmagmy and redesignation as Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent (5th Battalion, Royal 22e Régiment)

    • Redesignated Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent (5e Bataillon, Royal 22e Régiment) 2 November 1963

    • Redesignated Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent on 1 April 1968.

  • 6th Battalion created 2 February 1956 by amalgamation of Le Régiment de St-Hyacinthe with Royal 22e Régiment to become 6th Battalion, Royal 22e Régiment

    • Redesignated 6e Bataillon, Royal 22e Régiment 9 November 19634

  • On 12 August 1977, generic unit identifiers such as "battalion" were replaced with bilingual titles throughout the Canadian Forces.5

Perpetuations

  • According to the Directorate of History and Heritage, the Regiment officially perpetuates the following units:

    • 7th Battalion, Select Embodied Militia, Les Chasseurs, Beauharnois, Beloeil, Boucherville, Chambly, Isle Jésus, St. Denis, St. Hyacinthe, St. Ours, and Verchères Divisions (1812-15)

Headquarters

Headquarters are listed below; note the 4th and 6th Battalions were Reserve Army battalions (as was the 5th during its brief existence as part of the Royal 22e).

  • 1st Battalion: Valcartier, Quebec

  • 2nd Battalion: Quebec City, Quebec

  • 3rd Battalion: Valcartier, Quebec

  • 4th Battalion: Laval, Quebec

  • 6th Battalion: Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec

Regimental headquarters and a regimental museum is currently located at The Citadel in Québec City. A regimental depot at Québec City was first established on 19 March 1953.

Regimental Name

From the regimental website:

The regiment is nicknamed the Van Doos, a corruption of vingt-deux, French for "twenty-two." ... Most units of the Canadian Forces have official names in English and in French, but the historic regiments are exceptions, having monolingual names for the sake of tradition. The English name "Royal 22nd Regiment" is often seen, but strictly speaking is incorrect: only the French form is official.6

Battle Honours

Mount Sorrel
Flers-Courcelette
Ancre Heights
Vimy, 1917
Scarpe, 1917, '18
Ypres, 1917
Amiens

Canal Du Nord
Pursuit to Mons
Landing in Sicily
Adrano
Sicily, 1943
Potenza
Casa Berardi

Cassino II
Liri Valley
Gothic Line
Lamone Crossing
San Martino-San Lorenzo
Cesena
Apeldoorn
Somme, 1916, '18
Thiepval
Arras, 1917, '18
Arleux
Hill 70
Passchendaele
Hindenburg Line
Cambrai, 1918
France and Flanders 1915-18
Valguarnera
Catenuova
Landing at Reggio
The Sangro
Torre Mucchio
Gustav Line
Hitler Line
Borgo Santa Maria
Rimini Line
San Fortunato
Italy, 1943-1945
North-West Europe, 1945
Korea, 1950-1953

Note: in honour of the 200th anniversary of the War of 1812, retroactive awards of battle honours were made in the 21st Century, to include "Defence of Canada - 1812-1815", "Châteauguay", and "Crysler's Farm".7 In addition to being granted as a Theatre Honour, a "non-emblazonable Honorary Distinction" also titled "Defence of Canada - 1812-1815" was granted to the Regiment.8

  • "Châteauguay" was granted to the Royal 22e Régiment on September 14, 2012 as the perpetuating unit of Les Chasseurs, Beauharnois Division (1812-15) and Boucherville Division (1812-15) and to commemorate the service of the Canadian Regiment of Fencible Infantry.

  • "Crysler's Farm" was granted to the Royal 22e Régiment on September 14, 2012 to commemorate the service of the Canadian Regiment of Fencible Infantry.

  • The Honorary Distinction commemorates the service of:

    • 7th Battalion, Select Embodied Militia

    • Beloeil Division (1812-15)

    • Chambly Division (1812-15)

    • Isle Jésus Division (1812-15)

    • St. Denis Division (1812-15)

    • St. Hyacinthe Division (1812-15)

    • St. Ours Division (1812-15)

    • Verchères Division (1812-15)

Insignia

 

The regimental badge is described as follows:

Description

A beaver couchant proper on a log Or bearing the motto JE ME SOUVIENS in letters Sable, overall a pellet charged with the 1868 arms of the province of Quebec (Or on a fess Gules between in chief two fleurs-de-lis Azure and in base a sprig of maple leaves Vert, a lion passant guardant Or) within an annulus Gules edged and inscribed REGIMENT CANADIEN FRANCAIS, surmounted at the base by the number 22 Argent and ensigned by the Royal Crown proper.


Symbolism


The beaver represents service to Canada, and the Crown, service to the Sovereign. The shield is the coat of arms granted to the province of Quebec in 1868. The fleurs-de-lis emphasize the French origin of the population, the lion on a red background recalls Quebec's ties to Great Britain and the sprig of three maple leaves is a symbol of Canada. The number "22" and the words "REGIMENT CANADIEN FRANCAIS" represent the 22nd Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force of the First World War. "JE ME SOUVIENS" is the motto of the regiment and of the province of Quebec.
9

References

  • The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army (Queen's Printer, Ottawa, ON, 1964)

  • Mazeas, Daniel Insignes de la Milice Canadienne - Canadian Militia Badges Pre 1914

  • Mazeas, Daniel Insignes Canadiens 1920-1950 - Canadian Badges Revised Edition

Notes

  1. Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army, p.117

  2. Ibid, p.118

  3. A-DH-267-000/AF-003 p.2-2-186 accessed online at http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/ol-lo/vol-tom-3/par2/R22R-eng.asp 

  4. Ibid, p.118

  5. A-DH-267-000/AF-003, Ibid

  6. http://www.vandoos.com/ index page accessed 25 August 2013

  7. "War of 1812 Battle Honours": Prime Minister of Canada website and news background accessed online at http://pm.gc.ca/eng/media.asp?id=5031

  8. "The Creation of the Commemorative Theatre Honour and Honorary Distinction 'DEFENCE OF CANADA - 1812-1815 - DÉFENSE DU CANADA'": Prime Minister of Canada website and news background accessed online at http://pm.gc.ca/eng/media.asp?id=5033

  9. A-DH-267-000/AF-003, Ibid

 


© canadiansoldiers.com 1999-present