Regiments Main Page


Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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CEF Battalions 1914-1920

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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

The Royal Montreal Regiment

The Royal Montreal Regiment was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army during the 20th Century that continued its service into the 21st.

Lineage

  • 58th Westmount Rifles authorized on 2 November 1914

  • The regiment was redesignated The Royal Montreal Regiment on 1 April 1920

  • Redesignated The Royal Montreal Regiment (M.G.) on 15 December 1936

  • Redesignated The Royal Montreal Regiment on 1 September 1954

The Royal Montreal Regiment

Headquarters: Montreal, PQ
Predecessors: none
Perpetuates: 14th and 23rd Battalions, CEF
Raised: 2 Nov 1914
Status on 31 December 1999: Active Militia Regiment

First World War

The 14th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force was formed in Valcartier in August 1914, from drafts of the three Militia regiments existing in Montreal at that time, the Canadian Grenadier Guards, the 3rd Regiment (Victoria Rifles of Canada) and the 65th Regiment (Carabiniers Mont-Royal). The battalion took on the regimental identity of a Montreal area unit which was later reflected by the post-war creation of The Royal Montreal Regiment. The 14th served as a component of the 3rd Infantry Brigade of the 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders from 15 February 1915 to the end of the war. Captain Frederick A.C. Scrimger, the unit medical officer, was awarded the Victoria Cross for actions during the Second Battle of Ypres 22-25 April 1915, and Lieutenant G.B. McKeen, MC, MM received the Victoria Cross for actions on 27-28 April 1918.

 

Second World War

The regiment mobilized a machine gun battalion for the Canadian Active Service Force on 1 September 1939 and embarked for the United Kingdom in December. In 1940, the scale of machine gun units were reduced from one per brigade to one per division. The unit was redesignated the 32nd Reconnaissance Regiment (Royal Montreal Regiment) on 25 January 1943, and on 12 April 1944 reduced in size to become the 1st Canadian Army Headquarters Defence Company (Royal Montreal Regiment). The company landed in Nomandy on 28 July 1944. The company was exchanged with rifle companies of The Regina Rifle Regiment during the fighting at Calais and the Leopold Canal in order to provide battle experience, and on 5 April 1945 the company expanded to a battalion. The unit disbanded on 30 September 1945. No. 9 Defence and Employment Platoon (Royal Montreal Regiment) also mobilized in England on 24 May 1944, landed in Normandy on 27 July as part of First Canadian Army Troops, and disbanded on 16 October 1945. A 6th Canadian Infantry Division Reconnaissance Troop (The Royal Montreal Regiment) mobilized on 1 June 1945 for service with the Canadian Army Pacific Force but disbanded on 1 November 1945 without seeing action following Japan's surrender. A 2nd Battalion served in the Reserve Army.

 

Battle Honours

 

The Regiment was awarded Battle Honours for service in the two World Wars (bold type indicates honours selected for emblazonment):
 

Ypres, 1915, '17
St. Julien
Mount Sorrel
Pozières
Ancre Heights
Vimy, 1917
Scarpe, 1917, '18
Passchendaele
Drocourt Quéant
Canal du Nord
France and Flanders, 1915-18
The Scheldt
Gravenstafel
Festubert, 1915
Somme, 1916
Thiepval
ARRAS, 1917, '18
Arleux
Hill 70
Amiens
Hindenburg Line
Pursuit to Mons
Calais, 1944
Leopold Canal
Northwest Europe, 1944-45

Traditions

Regimental Alliances
  • Formed a Regimental Alliance with The Yorkshire Regiment

Official Marches
  • Quick Time: Ça ira

Insignia
 

Cap Badge

The cap badge is described in "Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army" as:

A maple leaf inscribed "ROYAL MONTREAL REGT" within the Garter and motto "HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE" surmounted by the Crown and resting on a scroll bearing the word "CANADA".1

 
 

Notes

  1. The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army, Queen's Printer, Ottawa, 1964, p.241


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