Weapons

Small Arms

Bayonets | Pistols  | Rifles
Submachine Guns

Thompson Submachine Gun
Sten Gun
C1 Submachine Gun

Light Weapons

Light Machine Guns

Lewis Gun
Bren Gun
C2 LMG
C9 LMG

Machine Guns

Colt Machine Gun
Vickers Gun
C5 General Purpose MG
C6 General Purpose MG
M2 .50 calibre

Light Anti-Tank Weapons

Boys Anti-Tank Rifle
Projector, Infantry, Anti-Tank
Bazooka
M72 SRAAW (L)
Carl Gustav
Eryx

Mortars

2-inch Mortar
3-inch Mortar
3-inch Stokes Gun
6-inch Newton Mortar
9.45-inch Newton Mortar
C3 81mm Mortar
M19 60mm Mortar

Ordnance

Anti-Tank Guns

106mm Recoilless Rifle
2-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
6-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
17-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
TOW Missile

Guns

18-pounder Gun
25-pounder Gun
60-pounder Howitzer
C1 105mm Howitzer
C3 105mm Howitzer
LG1 C1 105mm Howitzer

Anti-Aircraft Guns

3.7-inch Gun

Grenades

Hand Grenades
No. 69 Grenade
M61 & M67 Grenade
Rifle Grenades
Grenade Launchers
Anti-Tank Grenades
No. 68 Grenade

Ammunition
Small Arms & Light Weapons

.303 Mk VII
5.56mm
7.62mm NATO
Pistol Ammunition
PIAT Ammunition

Ordnance

106mm Ammunition
Armour Piercing
Armour Piercing Composite Rigid
AP Discarding Sabot
High Explosive Anti-Tank
High Explosive, Squash Head

Terminology

Fixed ammunition
Proximity Fuze

7.62mm Ammunition

7.62mm NATO was the standard NATO rifle cartridge adopted after the Second World War.

Other Designations

This round is sometimes referred to by its case length (i.e. 7.62 x 51), or by its civilian designation of .308 Winchester (.308 being the Imperial measurement, or calibre).

Types

Several types of 7.62 mm ammunition were issued for use with the FN C1 and FN C1A1, the FN C2 Light Machine Gun and the C1 General Purpose Machine Gun - all of which were replaced by 5.56 mm weapons in 1985, with 5.56 mm becoming the new NATO standard. The 7.62 mm rounds continued to be used after 1985 by the C6 GPMG.

Pictured below are the major machine gun rounds issued in 7.62 mm - ball ammunition, tracers (red tipped) - generally issued out 1 tracer to every 4 rounds of ball ammunition, the standard for use against personnel, armour piercing (not available via the Canadian Forces supply system but obtainable through US sources in Europe), a "dummy" or "drill" round, used for gun drills, and blank cartridges for use in exercises. Additionally, Inspection Cartridges were also issued, identified by a chromium case and absence of a flash hole, used by armourers and weapons technicians. From the left - Ball, Tracer, Armour Piercing (US), Dummy (Fluted) and Blank cartridges.

The C33 blank cartridge was also issued out with the grenade launcher for the FN C1/C1A1 Assault Rifle. This round had a flat head and was used exclusively to project grenades from the launcher, which was attached to the muzzle of the rifle.

Tracer rounds are used to assist machine gunners in laying their weapons on target; chemicals in the base of the projectile start to burn and give off a glow at a distance of about 125 metres from the weapon, burning out at approximately 800 metres.


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