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No. 69 Grenade
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Ammunition
Small Arms & Light Weapons

.303 Mk VII
5.56mm
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Terminology

Fixed ammunition
Proximity Fuze

M61 & M67 Fragmentation Grenades

Grenade, Hand, Fragmentation, Delay, M61 and M67 is the designation listed in the Grenade Manual, refering in fact to two seperate types of Hand Grenades used by the Canadian Army.

M61 M67


 

General

The M61 Grenade was the standard anti-personnel grenade of the Canadian Forces in the latter part of the 20th Century and had great lethality and dependability as well as being light in weight. The M67 Grenade was a similar but improved version of the M61. It was planned to issue the M67 Grenade when stocks of the M61 were depleted. The M61 and M67 Grenades were designed to be used in close quarter fighting to clear enemy from slit trenches, dugouts, buildings and any position that couldn't be neutralized by direct fire.

The M61 was egg-shaped and had a flat base. The M67 had a spherical shape.

Both grenades consisted of the following main components: body assembly; bursting charge; fuze; and safety clip.

Inside the tin body was a closely wound coil of hard drawn square steel wire. The wire had notches cut at intervals on the interior surface and it was this which provided the fragmentation effect of the grenade.

The M61 was 10.5 cm (4 118 in) high and 6 cm (2.4 in) in diameter. The M67 was 9 cm (3.5 in) high and 7 cm (2.8 in) in diameter.

For markings, both grenades were painted olive drab and had the information shown at right stencilled in yellow on the exterior.

These grenades were issued in wooden boxes each containing 30 grenades. Each grenade was packed in a fibreboard container.

The M61 and M67 were each fitted with a safety clip. The safety clip was a single piece of steel spring which was wound around the fuze body, the claw of which snapped over the safety lever. The safety clip secured the safety lever even when the safety pin had been removed and was to prevent accidental firing if the fuze safety pin and pull ring should snag on undergrowth and be accidentally pulled from its channel.

Characteristics M61 M67

Weight

0.45 kg (1 lb) 0.45 kg (1 lb)
Fuze Factory primed Factory primed
Delay Time 5 second 4.5 second
Delivery
  • Hand

  • L1A2 rifle launcher

  • M1A2 projector

Hand only
Lethality 18 metres (20 yards) 18 metres (20 yards)
Danger Radius

up to 300 m (325 yds) from point of impact

up to 300 m (325 yds) from point of impact

Mechanism

When the safety clip and pin were removed and the safety lever released the striker spring forced the striker to rotate on its axis and to strike the primer. The flash from the primer ignited a safety fuze which burned for 4.5 to 5 seconds before setting off the detonator. The detonator in turn set off the main explosive charge in the grenade. The explosion of the main charge caused the steel body to rupture and to project the steel wire, which was broken into many fragments of uniform size and weight, up to a distance of 200 metres (approximately 215 yards).


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