Weapons

Small Arms

Bayonets | Pistols  | Rifles
Submachine Guns

Thompson Submachine Gun
Sten Gun
C1 Submachine Gun

Light Weapons

Light Machine Guns

Lewis Gun
Bren Gun
C2 LMG
C9 LMG

Machine Guns

Colt Machine Gun
Vickers Gun
C5 General Purpose MG
C6 General Purpose MG
M2 .50 calibre

Light Anti-Tank Weapons

Boys Anti-Tank Rifle
Projector, Infantry, Anti-Tank
Bazooka
M72 SRAAW (L)
Carl Gustav
Eryx

Mortars

2-inch Mortar
3-inch Mortar
3-inch Stokes Gun
6-inch Newton Mortar
9.45-inch Newton Mortar
C3 81mm Mortar
M19 60mm Mortar

Ordnance

Anti-Tank Guns

106mm Recoilless Rifle
2-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
6-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
17-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
TOW Missile

Guns

18-pounder Gun
25-pounder Gun
60-pounder Howitzer
C1 105mm Howitzer
C3 105mm Howitzer
LG1 C1 105mm Howitzer

Anti-Aircraft Guns

3.7-inch Gun

Grenades

Hand Grenades
No. 69 Grenade
M61 & M67 Grenade
Rifle Grenades
Grenade Launchers
Anti-Tank Grenades
No. 68 Grenade

Ammunition
Small Arms & Light Weapons

.303 Mk VII
5.56mm
7.62mm NATO
Pistol Ammunition
PIAT Ammunition

Ordnance

106mm Ammunition
Armour Piercing
Armour Piercing Composite Rigid
AP Discarding Sabot
High Explosive Anti-Tank
High Explosive, Squash Head

Terminology

Fixed ammunition
Proximity Fuze

Weapons

The Canadian Army employed a wide variety of weapons during the 20th Century, progressing from bolt action rifles to fully automatic assault rifles as the standard infantry arm. Artillery became a highly scientific arm during the First World War, and a variety of weapons such as hand grenades, land mines and flame weapons were developed to assist Canadian soldiers in their tasks on the battlefield.

M72 SRAAW (L)

The Rocket, High Explosive, 66mm, Anti-Tank M72 began appearing in Canadian units in the 1970s as an additional anti-armour asset primarily for infantrymen. It is officially known as the M72 and also as the Short-Range Anti-Armour Weapon - Light or SRAAW(L).

History

This weapon, known also unofficially as a LAW (Light Anti-armour Weapon) was used extensively by US forces in Vietnam, against armour as well as other hard targets such as bunkers or walls.

Description

This US-designed weapon is a disposable, one-shot rocket launcher. The weapon weighs less than 2.5kg and is less than a metere long, and is fitted with an integral sling all of which makes it very man-portble. Improvements in tank armour since the inception of the weapon during the Vietnam war lessened the M72ís effective in its original role over time, though it remained useful for bunker work or urban fighting.

Range was a limiting factor on the use of the weapon; maximum range was given as 1000m, though effective range was generally considered to be 300m, or 150m against moving targets.

As a recoilless weapon, the M72 produces a violent backblast, limiting its employment in enclosed areas such as vehicles, bunkers or buildings and also creating a 60 degree cone of flame and exhaust gases that extended 25m behind the weapon - kicking up dirt, dust or debris and easily giving away the firer's position.

The M72 was, however, was extremely simple to use; the soldier simply had to remove the tube covers, extend the weapon (which was collapsed for carrying), elevate the sights, and cock the arming switch. The weapon is fired and the launcher is abandoned (in combat) or either destroyed or possibly retained for training and drill purposes in peacetime.

Variants

  • M72

  • M72A1

  • M72A2

  • M72C7

Ammunition

The M72 rocket projectile weighed one kilogram (2.2 lbs) and was capable of penetrating 300mm of simple steel plate.

The M72C7 variant's M18 warhead used 34g of explosive, which was effective against conventional armour plate but not capable of penetrating explosive reactive armour (ERA) or ceramic add-on armour.

A sub-calibre training insert could be fired on the range, simulating the trajectory of a full bore M72 round.

DND Photo, from [http://www.sfu.ca/casr/101-0intro.htm DND-101]


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