Weapons

Small Arms

Bayonets | Pistols  | Rifles
Submachine Guns

Thompson Submachine Gun
Sten Gun
C1 Submachine Gun

Light Weapons

Light Machine Guns

Lewis Gun
Bren Gun
C2 LMG
C9 LMG

Machine Guns

Colt Machine Gun
Vickers Gun
C5 General Purpose MG
C6 General Purpose MG
M2 .50 calibre

Light Anti-Tank Weapons

Boys Anti-Tank Rifle
Projector, Infantry, Anti-Tank
Bazooka
M72 SRAAW (L)
Carl Gustav
Eryx

Mortars

2-inch Mortar
3-inch Mortar
3-inch Stokes Gun
6-inch Newton Mortar
9.45-inch Newton Mortar
C3 81mm Mortar
M19 60mm Mortar

Ordnance

Anti-Tank Guns

106mm Recoilless Rifle
2-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
6-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
17-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
TOW Missile

Guns

18-pounder Gun
25-pounder Gun
60-pounder Howitzer
C1 105mm Howitzer
C3 105mm Howitzer
LG1 C1 105mm Howitzer

Anti-Aircraft Guns

3.7-inch Gun

Grenades

Hand Grenades
No. 69 Grenade
M61 & M67 Grenade
Rifle Grenades
Grenade Launchers
Anti-Tank Grenades
No. 68 Grenade

Ammunition
Small Arms & Light Weapons

.303 Mk VII
5.56mm
7.62mm NATO
Pistol Ammunition
PIAT Ammunition

Ordnance

106mm Ammunition
Armour Piercing
Armour Piercing Composite Rigid
AP Discarding Sabot
High Explosive Anti-Tank
High Explosive, Squash Head

Terminology

Fixed ammunition
Proximity Fuze

C3 81mm Mortar

The C3 81mm Mortar was a Battalion level indirect fire weapon which is capable of providing accurate High Explosive, smoke and illuminating rounds out to a maximum range of 5,650 metres.

Since the Second World War the mortar has been kept at the forefront of almost every nation's armoury and fresh designs have appeared in all major armies. The principal complaints of the war years - poor reliability and worse accuracy - have been overcome by better manufacturing techniques, though this has inevitably increased the cost. However, matters tend to balance out; whereas a wartime 3-in (76-mm) might have had to fire 100 bombs to get 30 into the target area and do worthwhile damage, today's (1978) 81-mm (3.2-in) mortar will put 30 bombs exactly where they are wanted, without waste.1

The 81mm mortar was introduced into the Canadian Army in 1967 and upgraded to C3 status commencing in 1968. Mortars were issued on a scale of eight per Regular Force Infantry Battalion.

Canada acquired 160 weapons, employing them in infantry battalions and mounting them on Armoured Personnel Carriers.

From the DND website:

The 81-mm mortar is an indirect fire support weapon used primarily by the infantry. A mortar crew can carry the weapon and some ammunition by backpack over short distances. A tactical advantage of the mortar is its high trajectory, which allows it to be sited behind high cover, to engage targets behind high cover, and to provide overhead support to friendly troops. The weapon can fire 20 rounds per minute for short periods and 15 rounds a minute for sustained periods. It can be used against targets between 200 and 4500 metres away. The mortar can fire high explosive rounds with a high degree of fragmentation in both ground and air bursts. It can also use red phosphorus rounds that produce a smoke screen and can also be used for signalling. Troops can also use illuminating rounds to light up the battlefield or for signalling.

  • Ammunition: High Explosive, Illumination, and Smoke

  • Caliber: 81.4 mm

  • Rate of fire: 20 rounds per minute for short periods, 15 rounds per minute for a sustained period, normmal rate 5 rounds per minute

  • Weight: 36.3 kg

  • Range: From 200 m to 4,500 m (depending on type of ammunition used)

  • Mortar sight unit: C2A1

  • Max Range HE: 5,650m

  • Min Range: 70m

  • Muzzle Velocity: 225m/s

  • Length of barrel: 1280mm

  • Weight in action: 35.3kg

  • Bomb Weight HE: 4.2kg

  • Calibre: 81mm.

The C2 mortar sight was also used on the Sustained Fire Kit of the C6 General Purpose Machine Gun.

In Britain, the 81mm Mortar was called the L16, the US version was the M252. Canada adopted the Bison as a mortar vehicle in the 1990s.

Notes

  1. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons and Warfare (Columbia House, New York, NY, 1978) p.2350

 


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