Weapons

Small Arms

Bayonets | Pistols  | Rifles
Submachine Guns

Thompson Submachine Gun
Sten Gun
C1 Submachine Gun

Light Weapons

Light Machine Guns

Lewis Gun
Bren Gun
C2 LMG
C9 LMG

Machine Guns

Colt Machine Gun
Vickers Gun
C5 General Purpose MG
C6 General Purpose MG
M2 .50 calibre

Light Anti-Tank Weapons

Boys Anti-Tank Rifle
Projector, Infantry, Anti-Tank
Bazooka
M72 SRAAW (L)
Carl Gustav
Eryx

Mortars

2-inch Mortar
3-inch Mortar
3-inch Stokes Gun
6-inch Newton Mortar
9.45-inch Newton Mortar
C3 81mm Mortar
M19 60mm Mortar

Ordnance

Anti-Tank Guns

106mm Recoilless Rifle
2-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
6-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
17-pounder Anti-Tank Gun
TOW Missile

Guns

18-pounder Gun
25-pounder Gun
60-pounder Howitzer
C1 105mm Howitzer
C3 105mm Howitzer
LG1 C1 105mm Howitzer

Anti-Aircraft Guns

3.7-inch Gun

Grenades

Hand Grenades
No. 69 Grenade
M61 & M67 Grenade
Rifle Grenades
Grenade Launchers
Anti-Tank Grenades
No. 68 Grenade

Ammunition
Small Arms & Light Weapons

.303 Mk VII
5.56mm
7.62mm NATO
Pistol Ammunition
PIAT Ammunition

Ordnance

106mm Ammunition
Armour Piercing
Armour Piercing Composite Rigid
AP Discarding Sabot
High Explosive Anti-Tank
High Explosive, Squash Head

Terminology

Fixed ammunition
Proximity Fuze

Submachine Guns

A Submachine Gun (SMG) is a weapon belonging to a category of small arms that include small, lightweight, fully automatic weapons firing pistol sized rounds (larger in diameter than rifle ammunition, but with a shorter cartridge). SMGs were noted for their high rate of fire, but their low effective range.

The SMG (also referred to as "machine carbines" by the Canadian Army) reached the apex of its usefulness in the Second World War. During that war, the Germans introduced a new type of weapon into the military lexicon - the Sturmgewehr, or "assault rifle". These assault rifles - of which the C7 rifle was an example - had become commonplace in the arsenals of the world's major armies by the end of the 20th Century. Assault rifles were characterized by a smaller round than a standard "rifle" round of the 1940s era, but with a longer cartridge than a pistol round, enabling the bullet to fire accurately to much greater distances than an SMG.

The SMG in the Second World War was the principal weapon of infantry section commanders, but were also used by dismounted tank crews, infantry officers, scouts, and other troops whose duties demanded personal protection but would be interfered with by the cumbersome service rifle.

Dates of issue are approximate; as with most items of uniform or equipment, weapons issue often took a long time to complete across the entire Canadian Army, both regular and reserves.

Dates of Service

Thompson 1940-1945
Sten 1942-1958
C1 Submachine Gun 1958-1988

 


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