Glossary - E
Echelon - a subdivision of a unit, not to be
confused with sub-units. Canadian Army units in the 20th Century were
usually divided into several echelons for administrative purposes. As an
example, an Infantry Battalion in the Second World War was divided as
"fighting") Echelon consisted of the rifle companies and support companies,
and were located in the front line. As well, fighting transport and
supplies, along with battalion headquarters, were considered part of "F"
"A" Echelon was
located three to five miles behind "F" echelon and held quartermaster
stores, repair equipment, spare transport and supplies, the rear battalion
HQ (where records were kept; the paymaster was also located here). "A"
echelon was under brigade control.
under divisional control, held the Headquarters Company headquarters, dental
staff, personnel Left Out of Battle, and was where kit was stored.
Emblazonment: Battle Honours selected to be displayed on regimental
colours, guidons, standards, etc. are said to be "emblazoned." The
display of battle honours has been subject to several guidelines:
honours are emblazoned in the sequence prescribed by military, which
is in the order in which they were awarded, as well as heraldic
Precedence is given to the front on top of a display, and to the
right-of-the-line (left as seen by an observer facing the display).
battle honour list is displayed on both sides of a central device
for a balanced effect, the honours are placed in two columns in
their order of precedence, commencing at the top left as seen from
the front and alternating from the left to right downwards.
number of honours is sufficient, they may be displayed in four,
rather than two columns, the order of precedence being across each
of the four columns, commencing at the top left as seen from the
there are an odd number of honours to be shown, the last honour is
placed in the centre below any central device or motto scroll.
honours have simultaneous chronology, theatre or primary honours are
listed before subsidiary ones within the theatre.
type-face varies in some written records to indicate the type of
battle honour for historical purposes, all honours are considered
equal in recognition. Therefore, they are all emblazoned equally in
capital letters on Colours, honour boards and regimental
appointments. Regiments are restricted on the number of honours they
may emblazon on their Colours. These restrictions were put in place
as a result of available space on the various types of Colours or as
a result of the large number of awards allocated during the World
Environment - in the mid-1980s, when a return
to distinctive uniforms for the three services was instituted, the new
services were then referred to as environments. They were designated:
Distinctive Environment Uniform (DEU) replaced the former CF Uniform as
the dress uniform of the Canadian Forces. The new environments were also
colloquially referred to as "Navy", "Army" and "Air Force" and those
designations began to appear slowly in some publications and references.