Rank & Appointment Insignia

Chris Brooker's CEF Guide

Cap Badges


Corps & Services 1939-1945

Mounted Units 1939-1945

Collar Badges


 Metal Shoulder Titles

 Slip-On Shoulder Titles 

Buttons 1939-1945

Formation Patches
C.E.F. Troops  
1st Canadian Army

Canadian Military HQ

1st Canadian Corps

2nd Canadian Corps

Atlantic Command

Pacific Command

1st Canadian Division

2nd Canadian Division

3rd Canadian Division

4th Canadian Division

5th Canadian Division

6th Canadian Division

7th Canadian Division

8th Canadian Division

1st Armoured Brigade

2nd Armoured Brigade

3rd Armoured Brigade

Misc. & Foreign 1939-45  
Postwar .


Miscellaneous Insignia

Active Service Badges

Good Conduct Chevrons

Instructors Badges

Tank Badges
NCO Corps Badges
Service Chevrons
Wound Stripes
National Insignia

Special Distinctions


1st Canadian Corps Formation Insignia

Canada fielded a national army for the first time in its history during the Second World War. A logical extension of the existing formation patch series, itself a continuation of those originally adopted by the divisions of the Canadian Corps in 1916, was the adoption of a red geometric shape.1  The patches were made from three materials mainly (canvas, felt and wool). 

Members of various corps serving in support units came to wear formation patches with letters in the middle. When the 1st Canadian Corps was formed, it was not anticipated that a 2nd Canadian Corps would be raised. Corps patches for units of some arms and services were thus rendered in the colours of their respective arm or service (i.e. emerald green for the Canadian Dental Corps, blue for the Royal Canadian Engineers, etc.)  When the 2nd Canadian Corps was raised, and a blue diamond approved as its formation patch, some of the patches worn by I Canadian Corps units had to be changed from arm/service colour to the red of 1st Canadian Corps.2

Soldiers whose units were directly attached to lower formations within the Corps wore the formation patches of those formations.

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Badge examples below courtesy of Bill Alexander.  Click the pictures to enlarge.


  1. Falconer, D.W. Battery Flashes of W.W. II (D.W. Falconer, 1985) ISBN 0-9691865-0-9

  2. Law, Clive M. Distinguishing Patches: Formation Patches of the Canadian Army (2nd Ed.) Service Publications, Ottawa, ON, 2008 ISBN 978-1-894581-50-9 1999-present