The success of the Wasp (a Universal Carrier fitted with a flamethrower) led to the development of the Badger. Universal Carriers were not proof against any kind of anti-tank weapon (and were also extremely vulnerable to mines), and so late model Ram Kangaroos had the bow machine-guns replaced with a flame nozzle, with the Wasp fuel tanks located inside the vehicle. The nozzle of the Wasp was actually fitted to the Badger upside-down.

The Badger first saw action with The Lake Superior Regiment (Motor) in Feb 1945; trial vehicles had been in the possession of First Canadian Army from Dec 1944.

A second batch was ordered, known as Badger Mark II, in which an armoured roof was added to the turret ring opening, with the auxiliary turret from early Rams used as a commander's cupola, complete with machine gun.

When the 5th Canadian (Armoured) Division relocated to North-West Europe, they modified several Ram tanks, complete with turret, into Badger configuration.

The scale of issue for the trial was 6 to each armoured regiment of 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, and six to the Motor battalion of the 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division (The Lake Superior Regiment (Motor)).

The Badger was originally known as the "Cougar".


  • Roberts, Paul The Ram: Development and Variants Volume 2 (Service Publications, Inc., Ottawa, ON, 2004) ISBN 1894581199

  • Knight, Doug (editor) Tools of the Trade: Equipping the Canadian Army (Service Publications, Ottawa, ON, 2005) ISBN 1894581237 1999-present