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Carl Gustav


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3.7-inch Gun


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Small Arms & Light Weapons

.303 Mk VII
7.62mm NATO
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High Explosive, Squash Head


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Proximity Fuze

2-inch Mortar

The 2-inch Mortar was a mortar used by the Canadian Army during the Second World War.

The weapon was small and was used at the Infantry Platoon level, issued one per platoon and forming part of the platoon headquarters section, with a crew of two (Number One (gunner) and Number Two (loader)). The weapon was extremely small and light, and had no bipod; the weapon was fired while the Number One held the weapon in position.

Aiming was done by a simple line of sight from the firer's eye, aided by a set of simple iron sights as well as a white line painted vertically on the barrel of the mortar. Since the barrel was so short, the firing mechanism normally associated with modern mortars (a fixed firing pin striking the base of the bomb as it was dropped down the tube) was modified by the addition of a trigger which was manually fired.


The mortar fired cylindrical bombs which had a perforated four finned tail. The mortar fired both High Explosive and smoke rounds, the former with an impact fuze was fitted in the nose of the bomb. An illumination round was also used.

  • Length: 21 inches (53cm)

  • Weight: 10 lbs (4.8kg)

  • Firing mechanism: Trip

  • Elevation: 45-90

  • Ammunition (with round weight)

  • High Explosive: 2 lb 2 oz. (1kg)

  • Smoke: 2 lb (909g)

  • Illuminating: 1 lb 5 oz. (596g)

  • Range: 500 yards (457m)

  • Rate of fire: 8 rounds per minute

A smaller version, the Mark VIII, was issued to airborne units.

Photos of 2-inch mortar crews from the Australian War Memorial (left) and Imperial War Museum (right).


A 2-inch Mortar has the finishing touches applied by factory worker Viola Davies at the Elevator Company in the summer of 1941. LAC Photos.


Components of the 2-inch Mortar and accessories, courtesy of Petr Falta, Czechoslovak Armed Forces 1918 - 1945 Museum
1 Web Transit Case 5 Web Barrel Cover 9 Mortar sight
2 Cleaning Kit 6 Mortar tube and base assembly 10 Oil bottle
3 3-tube mortar bomb carrier 7 Tool box 11 Bore brush
4 Web muzzle cover and sling 8 Mortar bomb    

2-inch Mortar with ammunition and accessories, courtesy Ron May via Facebook Society of Military Artifact Preservation.
Mortar bombs include HE (red and green stripes, far let), Smoke (green, centre) and illumination (far right, parachute from parachute flare shown).
Bore brush handle is shown collapsed for storage in the cleaning kit at top right.

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