North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)
The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation was formed on 4 Apr 1949. The official name of the organization uses the British spelling (i.e. with an 's' in Organisation). This group of nations was organized for collective security, headquartered in Brussels, Belgium. In French, the name is l'Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord (OTAN).
Canada was a founding member of NATO, along with
Several nations joined the alliance during the Cold War:
After the collapse of Communism in eastern Europe, several former Warsaw Pact members joined NATO, their former adversaries:
Several other Warsaw Pact nations joined in 2004, as well.
France withdrew itself from NATO's integrated military command in 1966 but remained a member to NATO's political structure.
Iceland joined on the condition that they would not be expected to establish a military of their own.
Greece withdrew from NATO’s military command structure between 1974 and 1980 as a result of Greco-Turkish tensions in the wake of the 1974 Cyprus dispute.
Two Canadians were appointed as Chairman of the NATO Military Committee during the 20th Century.