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The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps

The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps

Created: 2 July 1904

Disbanded: 2 July 1974, reorganized as Medical Service Branch of Canadian Forces

The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps was an administrative corps of the Canadian Army.

 

Lineage

  • Regular Force

    • 2 Jul 1904: Permanent Active Militia Army Medical Corps established.

    • 1 May 1909: Redesignated Canadian Army Medical Corps.

    • 3 Nov 1919: Redesignated The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps.

  • Militia

    • 2 Jul 1904: Militia Army Medical Corps established.

    • 1 May 1909: Redesignated Canadian Army Medical Corps.

    • 29 Apr 1936: Redesignated Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps.

    • 22 Mar 1948: Redesignated The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps.

  • On 2 July 1974, the Medical Service Branch of the Canadian Forces was formed by the amalgamation of The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps, and equivalent services of the former Royal Canadian Navy and former Royal Canadian Air Force as part of Unification.

Functions

The corps provided medical services to the Canadian Army.

History

During the First World War, the corps provided field ambulances, a casualty clearing station and sanitary sections for the Canadian Corps in France, as well as Canadian general and stationary hospitals in the UK and on the continent. Four Canadian stationary hospitals served with British formations during the Gallipoli campaign, and a field ambulance and stationary hospital served with the Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Force in 1919. Two members of the Canadian Army Medical Corps were awarded the Victoria Cross, Captain F.A.C. Scrimger, for actions during the 2nd Battle of Ypres, and Captain B.S. Hutcheson, MC, for actions during September 1918.

In the Second World War, a wide range of medical units deployed around the world, including field ambulance units, surgical teams and hospitals and convalescent depots. Soldiers deployed in support of many missions after the war, including the United Nations mission in Korea, and various peacekeeping missions.

In 1974, the corps was reorganized with the medical services of the naval and air forces of Canada as part of Unification to become the Medical Service Branch of the Canadian Forces.

Insignia

The insignia of the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps is described as follows:

Within a wreath of maple leaves, the Rod of Aesculapius (a serpent entwined about a rod); superimposed upon the base of the wreath, a plaque inscribed "ROYAL CANADIAN" and below, a scroll inscribed "ARMY MEDICAL CORPS"; the whole surmounted by the Crown.1

Notes

  1. The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army (Queen's Printer, Ottawa, ON, 1964) p.29


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