Rank & Appointment Insignia

Chris Brooker's CEF Guide

Cap Badges


Corps & Services 1939-1945

Mounted Units 1939-1945

Collar Badges


 Metal Shoulder Titles

 Slip-On Shoulder Titles 

Buttons 1939-1945

Formation Patches
C.E.F. Troops  
1st Canadian Army

Canadian Military HQ

1st Canadian Corps

2nd Canadian Corps

Atlantic Command

Pacific Command

1st Canadian Division

2nd Canadian Division

3rd Canadian Division

4th Canadian Division

5th Canadian Division

6th Canadian Division

7th Canadian Division

8th Canadian Division

1st Armoured Brigade

2nd Armoured Brigade

3rd Armoured Brigade

Misc. & Foreign 1939-45  
Postwar .


Miscellaneous Insignia

Active Service Badges

Good Conduct Chevrons

Instructors Badges

Tank Badges
NCO Corps Badges
Service Chevrons
Wound Stripes
National Insignia

Special Distinctions


Canadian Expeditionary Force Formation Insignia

The full story of the evolution of Canadian formation patches, or "battle patches" is given in Clive Law's book "Distinguishing Patches" available from Service Publications.1  Briefly, however, by 1916 British and Canadian leadership recognized the difficulty of identifying friendly troops, especially when infantry battalions were on the attack.  While British units did have distinguishing cap badges, shoulder titles, and other "quiffs", Canadian soldiers presented a more homogenous appearance, with common CANADA shoulder titles, and for the most part cap and collar badges based on the maple leaf.  To that end, coloured badges were introduced, first intended to be worn on the back of the tunic, but later moved to the sleeves.  These patches were first worn by Canadian soldiers in the middle of 1916.  Towards the end of the war, many units took to painting the patches on steel helmets as a further aid to identification.

The images and descriptions below are based on a colour poster designed and printed by Service Publications

1st Canadian Division

1DIVFORM.gif (15906 bytes)

1divbad.jpg (44403 bytes)

Artifacts and image courtesy of Bill Alexander.
Click to enlarge.

2nd Canadian Division

2divform.gif (15981 bytes)

2divmg.jpg (14695 bytes)

20bnbad.jpg (40012 bytes) 21bnbad.jpg (21150 bytes) 24bnbad.jpg (23335 bytes) 29offbad.jpg (24594 bytes)

Artifacts and images courtesy of Bill Alexander.
Click to enlarge.

3rd Canadian Division


3divform.gif (17214 bytes)
Divisional patches for the Third Division were originally white in colour, then changed to black and finally to French-Grey.

cebad.jpg (21493 bytes) cmrbad.jpg (62494 bytes) 3mgbn.jpg (23052 bytes)

Artifacts and images courtesy of Bill Alexander.
Click to enlarge.

4th Canadian Division

4divform.gif (16343 bytes)

4divbad.jpg (64504 bytes)

Artifacts and images courtesy of Bill Alexander.
Click to enlarge.

4divbad2.jpg (71671 bytes)

5th Canadian Division

5divform.gif (14971 bytes)

Siberian Expeditionary Force

sefform.gif (4676 bytes)

Canadian Cavalry Brigade

cavbde.gif (5352 bytes)

Line of Communication and Corps Troops, C.E.F.

lofcform.gif (27917 bytes)

cga.jpg (18208 bytes) cetpt.jpg (14290 bytes)

Artifacts and images courtesy of Bill Alexander.
Click to enlarge.


  1. Law, Clive M. Distinguishing Patches: Formation Patches of the Canadian Army (2nd Ed.) Service Publications, Ottawa, ON, 2008 ISBN 978-1-894581-50-9 1999-present