Organization

Canadian Army

Domestic Military Organization

Headquarters

Militia HQ

Canadian Forces HQ

National Defence HQ (NDHQ)

Political Institutions

Dept. of Militia & Defence

►►Minister of Militia & Defence

►►Militia Council

Department of National Defence

►►Minister of National Defence

►►Chiefs of Staff Committee

Reorganizations

1902-1904 Dundonald Reforms
1920 Otter Committee
1936 Reorganization
1954 Kennedy Board
1957 Anderson Report
1964 Suttie Commission
1968 Unification
1995 Special Commission

Organizational Corps/Branches

1900-1968 Organizational Corps
1968-2000 Branches

Field Forces

1914-1919  

Canadian Expeditionary Force
CEF Regional Affiliations

Territorial Reinforcement Regts.

1919

Canadian Siberian Exped Force

1939-1940 (1945) 

Canadian Active Service Force

1945

Canadian Army Pacific Force

1950-1953

Canadian Army Special Force

Field Force Formations

1914-1918  
Canadian Corps
1st Div | 2nd Div | 3rd Div | 4th Div 5th Div
1939-1945

1st Canadian Army

1st Canadian Corps

2nd Canadian Corps

Atlantic Command

Pacific Command
1st Infantry Division
2nd Infantry Division

3rd Infantry Division

4th (Armoured) Division
5th (Armoured) Division
6th Division 

7th Division 

8th Division 
1st Armoured Brigade
2nd Armoured Brigade
3rd Armoured Brigade
3rd Tank Brigade

 1950-1953
1 Com Div | 25 Inf Bde

Foreign Headquarters

Allied Forces HQ (AFHQ)

►►15th Army Group

►►►8th Army

SHAEF

►►21st Army Group

►►►2nd British Army

Special Forces

1st Canadian Para Battalion

First Special Service Force

Pacific Coast Militia Rangers

Canadian Rangers

Special Air Service (SAS) Coy

The Canadian Airborne Regt

Organizational Formations

Reserve Bdes - 1941-1945

13 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

14 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

27th Canadian Brigade

1 CMBG

2 CMBG

3 CMBG

4 CMBG

5 CMBG

1st Cdn Division (1954-1958)

1st Cdn Division (1988-2000)

Special Service Force

Auxiliary Services
Alliances

1914-1918 Triple Alliance
1939-1945 Allies
1949-1999 NATO

Veteran's Organizations

Defence Associations

Canadian Cavalry Association
Canadian Infantry Association
Intelligence Branch Association

National Defence Emp Assoc
RCAC (Cavalry)
RCA Association
RCOC Association
Union of Nat Def Employees

Veteran's Associations

ANAVETS
Royal Canadian Legion

Supplementary Order of Battle

Unit Listings by year

1900 | 1901 | 1902 | 1903 | 1904
1905 | 1906 | 1907 | 1908 | 1909
1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914
1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924
1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934
1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944
1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949
1950 | 1951 | 1952 | 1953 | 1954
1955 | 1956 | 1957 | 1958 | 1959
1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964
1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969
1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974
1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979
1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984
1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989
1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994
1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999

Unit Listings by Corps/Branch

Armoured Units 1940-1945

Cdn Dental Corps 1939-1945
Cdn Intelligence Corps 1942-45

Cdn Provost Corps 1940-1945

Infantry Battalions 1939-1945

RCOC 1939-1945

1st Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group

5e Groupement de Combat was a regular organizational formation of the Canadian Army.

Lineage

  • 1st Canadian Infantry Brigade created 14 October 1953

  • Redesignated 1st Canadian Infantry Brigade Group in October 1955

  • Redesignated 1 Combat Group in 1972

  • Redesignated 1 Canadian Brigade Group in 1976

  • Redesignated 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group in 1992

The brigade group continued operations into the 21st Century.

History

On 14 October 1953, the 1st Canadian Infantry Brigade replaced 27th Canadian Infantry Brigade in West Germany as Canada’s contribution to NATO. The Brigade returned to Canada In 1955, relocating its headquarters to Edmonton. The brigade was redesignated 1st Canadian Infantry Brigade Group in October, and in August 1958 relocated its Headquarters to Currie Barracks in Calgary.

In 1972, redesignation to 1 Combat Group was followed by further redesignations in 1976 to 1 Canadian Brigade Group and finally in 1992 to 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (1 CMBG), reflecting changes in equipment and role. According to the formation's DND web page, the change to the CMBG title reflected the Army's "commitment to maintaining a general-purpose combat capability."

Soldiers of the brigade group deployed in support of a number of missions around the world; initially Cyprus favoured heavily on the schedule. 1 Combat Engineer Regiment deployed to Kuwait in 1991 following the Gulf War, and in 1992 several Battle Groups were involved in the UNPROFOR missions to the former Yugoslavia, in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzogovina. When UN missions gave way to NATO peace enforcement in Bosnia and Kosovo, 1 CMBG soldiers participated in these missions as well and in 1999 1 CMBG troops led NATOs entry into Kosovo.

In the wake of the shut-down of major Regular Force activity in Calgary, HQ 1 CMBG redeployed back to Edmonton in 1997. Units were also active in domestic operations such as the 1997 Red River Flood and 1998 Ontario and Quebec ice storms.

Uniform Insignia

The brigade group wore a distinctive brigade patch on the DEU and Garrison Dress uniform, consisting of a ram's head, with a numeral "1".


DEU and Garrison Dress patches in subdued colours. Artifacts and photo courtesy Bill Alexander


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