Organization

Canadian Army

Domestic Military Organization

Headquarters

Militia HQ

Canadian Forces HQ

National Defence HQ (NDHQ)

Political Institutions

Dept. of Militia & Defence

►►Minister of Militia & Defence

►►Militia Council

Department of National Defence

►►Minister of National Defence

►►Chiefs of Staff Committee

Reorganizations

1902-1904 Dundonald Reforms
1920 Otter Committee
1936 Reorganization
1954 Kennedy Board
1957 Anderson Report
1964 Suttie Commission
1968 Unification
1995 Special Commission

Organizational Corps/Branches

1900-1968 Organizational Corps
1968-2000 Branches

Field Forces

1914-1919  

Canadian Expeditionary Force
CEF Regional Affiliations

Territorial Reinforcement Regts.

1919

Canadian Siberian Exped Force

1939-1940 (1945) 

Canadian Active Service Force

1945

Canadian Army Pacific Force

1950-1953

Canadian Army Special Force

Field Force Formations

1914-1918  
Canadian Corps
1st Div | 2nd Div | 3rd Div | 4th Div 5th Div
1939-1945

1st Canadian Army

1st Canadian Corps

2nd Canadian Corps

Atlantic Command

Pacific Command
1st Infantry Division
2nd Infantry Division

3rd Infantry Division

4th (Armoured) Division
5th (Armoured) Division
6th Division 

7th Division 

8th Division 
1st Armoured Brigade
2nd Armoured Brigade
3rd Armoured Brigade
3rd Tank Brigade

 1950-1953
1 Com Div | 25 Inf Bde

Foreign Headquarters

Allied Forces HQ (AFHQ)

►►15th Army Group

►►►8th Army

SHAEF

►►21st Army Group

►►►2nd British Army

Special Forces

1st Canadian Para Battalion

First Special Service Force

Pacific Coast Militia Rangers

Canadian Rangers

Special Air Service (SAS) Coy

The Canadian Airborne Regt

Organizational Formations

Reserve Bdes - 1941-1945

13 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

14 Cdn Infantry Training Bde

27th Canadian Brigade

1 CMBG

2 CMBG

3 CMBG

4 CMBG

5 CMBG

1st Cdn Division (1954-1958)

1st Cdn Division (1988-2000)

Special Service Force

Auxiliary Services
Alliances

1914-1918 Triple Alliance
1939-1945 Allies
1949-1999 NATO

Veteran's Organizations

Defence Associations

Canadian Cavalry Association
Canadian Infantry Association
Intelligence Branch Association

National Defence Emp Assoc
RCAC (Cavalry)
RCA Association
RCOC Association
Union of Nat Def Employees

Veteran's Associations

ANAVETS
Royal Canadian Legion

Supplementary Order of Battle

Unit Listings by year

1900 | 1901 | 1902 | 1903 | 1904
1905 | 1906 | 1907 | 1908 | 1909
1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914
1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924
1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934
1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944
1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949
1950 | 1951 | 1952 | 1953 | 1954
1955 | 1956 | 1957 | 1958 | 1959
1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964
1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969
1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974
1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979
1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984
1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989
1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994
1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999

Unit Listings by Corps/Branch

Armoured Units 1940-1945

Cdn Dental Corps 1939-1945
Cdn Intelligence Corps 1942-45

Cdn Provost Corps 1940-1945

Infantry Battalions 1939-1945

RCOC 1939-1945

5e Groupement de Combat

5e Groupement de Combat was a regular organizational formation of the Canadian Army.

Lineage

  • 5e Groupement de Combat created in 1968

  • Renamed 5 Groupe-brigade du Canada (5 Canadian Brigade Group) in 1977

  • Renamed 5e Brigade méchanisé du Canada (5 Canadian Mechanized Brigade) in 1989.

  • Renamed 5e Groupe-brigade méchanisé du Canada (5 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group) in 1992.

The brigade group continued operations into the 21st Century.

History

In the late 1960s, the Canadian Forces committed itself to creating French Language Units (FLUs) and encourage career opportunities for francophones. The Minister of National Defence, Léo Cadieux, announced their creation on 2 April 1968, to include artillery and armoured regiments as well as units of the supporting arms, with two battalions of the Royal 22e Regiment at their core. The Army FLUs eventually concentrated at Valcartier and became known as 5e Groupement de Combat (French for 5 Combat Group).

The establishment of 5 Combat Group was tied to the creation of new units including

  • 5e Régiment du génie de combat

  • 12e Régiment blindé du Canada

  • 5e Peloton de police militaire

  • 5e Régiment d’artillerie légère du Canada

Existing units were added to the Group, including 5e Escadron des transmissions and 2e Bataillon Royal 22e Régiment.

In 1969, additional units were added, including

  • 5e Unité médicale de Groupement de combat (5e Ambulance de campagne)

  • 3e Bataillon, Royal 22e Régiment

  • 5e Bataillon des services du Canada

In 1971, operational ties between the Group and the newly created 430e Escadron tactique d’hélicoptères were formed.

In 1989 the formation was renamed 5e Brigade mécanisée du Canada

In 1993, following the closure of Canadian Forces bases in Europe, 1 R22eR moved to CFB Valcartier (on 3 July) replacing 3 R22eR in the brigade.

In 1994, following new DND organizational schemes, 5 CMBG and CFB Valcartier split, becoming separate entities with the creation of 5 Area Support Group (which also included the Valcartier Garrison).

In 2002 58e Batterie d’artillerie antiaérienne (58 Air Defence Battery) joined 5 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group.

Uniform Insignia

In 1983, the brigade group adopted a distinctive patch for wear on the DEU and Garrison Dress. The Formation Patches were worn on the right sleeve only; the raw edged melton badges on the DEU and the swiss-embroidered edged badges on the Garrison Dress Jacket.


Artifacts and photo courtesy Bill Alexander


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