Regiments Main Page


Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)

The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) was a regiment of infantry formed in the Canadian Army that later converted to armour, and ended the 20th Century as an active armoured reconnaissance unit of the Reserve Force.

Lineage

  • On 12 October 1883 the British Columbia Provisional Regiment of Garrison Artillery was authorized; it was formed from an independent company of rifles and two independent batteries of artillery. It was redesignated the British Columbia Brigade of Garrison Artillery on 7 May 1886, the British Columbia Battalion of Garrison Artillery in about April 1893, the 5th British Columbia Battalion of Garrison Artillery about March 1895, and finally became the 5th British Columbia Regiment of Garrison Artillery on 28 December 1895

  • On 29 September 1896 the regiment was reorganized into two units, the 1st Battalion, 5th British Columbia Regiment and the 2nd Battalion, 5th British Columbia Regiment

  • On 1 August 1899, the 2nd Battalion was converted to infantry and redesignated 6th Battalion Rifles

  • On 1 May 1900 the regiment was again redesignated to become 6th Regiment, "The Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles"

  • On 15 March 1920, the regiment amalgamated with the 104th Regiment, Westminster Fusiliers of Canada and was redesignated 1st British Columbia Regiment

  • Redesignated 1st British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) on 1 November 1920

  • Redesignated The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles) 15 January 1930

  • Converted to armour and redesignated 13th Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Regiment 1 April 1946

  • Redesignated The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) (13th Armoured Regiment) 4 February 1949

  • Redesignated The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) (RCAC) 19 May 1958

  • Redesignated The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) 7 October 1985

The British Columbia Regiment
(Duke of Connaught's Own)

Headquarters: Vancouver, BC
Predecessor: none
Perpetuates: 7th and 62nd Battalions, CEF
Raised: 12 October 1883, as artillery
Status 1 Jan 2000: Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment in the Canadian Forces Reserve

History

The regiment contributed men to the 2nd (Special Service) Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment during the South African War 1899-1902.

The 6th Regiment "The Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles" mobilized men for local protective duties on 10 August 1914, and contributed volunteers to the 7th Battalion, C.E.F. on its formation in September 1914. The unit later recruited for the 62nd Battalion, C.E.F.

The 7th Battalion served in France and Flanders as a component of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 1st Canadian Division. Three Victoria Crosses were awarded to soldiers of the Battalion: Captain E.D. Bellew (24 April 1915), Private M.J. O'Rourke (15-17 August 1917) and Private W.L. Rayfield (2-4 September 1918).

The 62nd Battalion provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.

Details of The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles) were placed on active service on 1 September 1939 for local protective duty. On 24 May 1940 the regiment mobilized The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles), CASF. The unit converted to armour and was redesignated 28th Canadian Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Regiment) on 26 January 1942. The unit embarked for the United Kingdom on 21 August 1942 where it trained with the 4th Canadian Armoured Brigade of the 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division. The unit landed in Normandy on 26-27 July 1944 and saw action in North-West Europe throughout the campaign. The active unit was disbanded on 15 February 1946 after returning to Canada. A 2nd Battalion of the unit served in the Reserve Army in its original infantry role. After the war, the regiment converted to armour.

Battle Honours

The Battle Honours held by the regiment as of 1 January 2000 were:

Battle Honours in bold were selected for emblazonment:

South Africa, 1900
Gravenstafel
Festubert, 1915
Somme, 1916
Ancre Heights
Vimy, 1917
Hill 70
Amiens
Drocourt-Quéant
Canal du Nord
France and Flanders, 1915-18
Falaise Road
Chambois
The Lower Maas
The Hochwald
Twente Canal
Bad Zwischenahn
Ypres, 1915, '17
St. Julien
Mount Sorrel
Thiepval
Arras, 1917, '18
Arleux
Passchendaele
Scarpe, 1918
Hindenburg Line

Pursuit to Mons
Falaise
The Laison
The Scheldt
The Rhineland
Veen
Küsten Canal
North-West Europe, 1944-1945

Note on Battle Honours:

According to the Directorate of History and Heritage, The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) possessed the battle honour PURSUIT TO MONS from the First World War, but on amalgamation with The Irish Fusiliers of Canada (The Vancouver Regiment) in 2002 voided it as the honour cannot be perpetuated if a regiment is already entitled to VALENCIENNES or SAMBRE. As The Irish Fusiliers of Canada possessed Valenciennes, that honour was perpetuated instead, as were additional honours. The current list, valid from 2002, is as below:1

South Africa, 1900
Gravenstafel
Festubert, 1915
Somme, 1916, 18
Thiepval
Ancre 1916
Vimy, 1917
Hill 70
Amiens
Drocourt-Quéant
Canal du Nord
Valenciennes
Falaise
The Laison
The Scheldt
The Rhineland

Veen
Küsten Canal
Ypres, 1915, '17
St. Julien
Mount Sorrel
Flers-Courcelette
Ancre Heights
Arras, 1917, '18
Arleux
Passchendaele
Scarpe, 1917, '18
Hindenburg Line

Cambrai, 1918
France and Flanders, 1915-18
Falaise Road

Chambois
The Lower Maas
The Hochwald
Twente Canal
Bad Zwischenahn
North-West Europe, 1944-1945.

Insignia

The cap badge is described as follows:

On a maple leaf Vert resting upon a scroll Argent inscribed FRANCE FLANDERS 1915-18, two scrolls conjoined in pale Or inscribed BRITISH COLUMBIA, all above a bugle horn Argent and within a wreath of laurel Vert ensigned by the coronet of a younger son of the Sovereign proper, environed with a battle honour scroll Argent inscribed dexter VIMY 1917, SOMME 1916, FESTUBERT 1915, HINDENBURG LINE and sinister AMIENS, CANAL DU NORD, PASSCHENDAELE, DROCOURT-QUÉANT, the wreath surmounted below the coronet by two battle scrolls conjoined in pale Argent and inscribed SOUTH AFRICA 1899-1900 and YPRES 1915-17 and in base by a scroll Argent inscribed DUKE OF CONNAUGHT'S OWN RIFLES, all inscriptions in letters Sable.2

The symbolism of the badge is further described there as thus:

The coronet of His Royal Highness Prince Arthur represents the tie between the Duke of Connaught and the original regiment. The maple leaf and scrolls represent the perpetuation of the 7th Canadian Infantry Battalion, CEF. The bugle, laurel wreath and the inscription "DUKE OF CONNAUGHT'S OWN RIFLES" reflect the unit's role as a rifle regiment from 1900 to 1920 and from 1930 to 1946. The battle honours represent the honours awarded to the regiment and its perpetuated units.2

References

  • The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army (Queen's Printer, Ottawa, ON, 1964)

  • Hampson, William C. A Catalogue of Twentieth-Century Canadian Military and Metal Shoulder Titles 1900 to 1999 Part II: Royal Canadian Armoured Corps (William C. Hampson Publishing, Calgary, AB, 1999) ISBN 0-9685714-1-7

  • Mazeas, Daniel Insignes de la Milice Canadienne - Canadian Militia Badges Pre 1914

  • Mazeas, Daniel Insignes Canadiens 1920-1950 - Canadian Badges Revised Edition

Notes

  1. A-AD-267-000/AF-003 Official Lineages, Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments – Armour Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. June 11, 2010 accessed online at http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/ol-lo/vol-tom-3/par1/arm-bli/BCR-eng.asp

  2. Ibid

  3. Ibid

 


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