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Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1900-13 | 1914-39 | 1940-63 | 1964-99


Infantry Regiments
1900-20 | 1921-36 | 1937-50 | 1951-99

Cavalry/Armoured Regiments
1st Hussars
1st APC Regiment
1st British Columbia Horse
2nd Dragoons
2nd/10th Dragoons
3rd Prince of Wales' Cdn Dragoons
4th Hussars
4th Hussars of Canada
IV PLDG
5th Dragoons
5th Princess Louise Drag. Gds
6th Duke of Connaught's R.C.H.
7th Hussars
7th/11th Hussars
8th Princess Louise's NB Hussars
8th Cdn Hussars (Princess Louise's)
9th (Grey's) Horse
9th Toronto Light Horse
9th Mississauga Horse
10th Brant Dragoons
10th Queen's Own Cdn Hussars
11th Hussars
12th Manitoba Dragoons

12e Régiment Blindé du Canada

13th Scottish Light Dragoons
14th Canadian Hussars
14th King's Canadian Hussars
15th Light Horse
16th Light Horse
17th Duke of York's Royal Can. H.
17th PEI Recce
18th Mounted Rifles
19th Alberta Dragoons
19th The Alberta Mounted Rifles
20th Border Horse
21st Alberta Hussars
22nd Saskatchewan Horse
22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse
23rd Alberta Rangers
24th Grey's Horse
25th Brant Dragoons
26th Canadian Dragoons
27th Light Horse
28th New Brunswick Dragoons
29th Light Horse
30th Regiment (BC Horse)
31st Regiment (BC Horse)
32nd Light Horse
32nd Manitoba Horse
33rd Vaudreuil & Soulanges Huss.
34th Fort Garry Horse
35th Central Alberta Horse
36th PEI Light Horse
Algonquin Regiment
British Columbia Dragoons
British Columbia Mounted Rifles
British Columbia Regiment
Border Horse
Calgary Regiment
Canadian Mounted Rifles
Duke of York's Royal Cdn Hussars
Elgin Regiment
Fort Garry Horse
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Governor General's Body Guard
Governor General's Horse Guards
Halifax Rifles
King's Own Calgary Regt.
Lord Strathcona's Horse
Manitoba Dragoons
Manitoba Horse
Mississauga Horse
Ontario Mounted Rifles
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Queen's Own Canadian Hussars
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
Régt de Hull
Régt de Trois-Riviéres
Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles
Saskatchewan Dragoons
Sherbrooke Regiment
South Alberta Light Horse
Strathcona's Horse
Toronto Light Horse
Toronto Mounted Rifles
Windsor Regiment

Infantry Regiments 1900-1919
Dawson Rifles
GGFG
Kootenay Rifles
PPCLI
Royal Canadian Regiment
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Infantry Regiments 1920-2000
1st British Columbia Regiment
1st BC Regt (D. of Conn.'s Own)
Algonquin Regiment
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Black Watch (RHR) of Canada
BC Regt (D. of Conn's Own Rifles)
Calgary Highlanders
Calgary Regiment
Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Scottish Regiment
 Canadian Fusiliers (C of L Regt)
Canadian Guards
Canadian Grenadier Guards
Cape Breton Highlanders
Carleton and York Regiment
Elgin Regiment
Essex Scottish
Essex & Kent Scottish
 Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Fusiliers Mont Royal
Fusiliers du St. Laurent
48th Highlanders of Canada
Gov Gen Foot Guards
Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Halifax Rifles
Hastings and Prince Edward Regt
Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Highland Light Infantry of Canada
Irish Fusiliers
Irish Fusiliers of Can (Vancouver R.)
Irish Regiment
Irish Regiment of Canada
Kent Regiment
King's Own Rifles of Canada
Lake Superior Regiment
Lincoln and Welland Regiment
Loyal Edmonton Regiment
Lorne Scots
Midland Regiment
Mississauga Regiment
New Brunswick Rangers
New Brunswick Scottish
North Nova Scotia Highlanders
North Shore (New Brunswick) Regt
North Waterloo Regiment
Oxford Rifles
Perth Regiment
Peterborough Rangers
Pictou Highlanders
PPCLI
Prince Albert and Battleford Voltrs
Princess Louise Fusiliers (MG)
Prince Rupert Regiment
Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Queen's Rangers (1st Am. Regt.)
Queen's York Rangers (1st Am. R.)
 Régiment de la Chaudière
 Régiment de Chateauguay
Régiment de Levis
 Régiment de Maisonneuve
Régiment de Montmagmy
 Régiment de Saguenay
Régiment de St. Hyacinthe
 Régiment de Québec
Regina Rifle Regiment
Rocky Mountain Rangers
Royal 22e Regt
Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Highlanders of Canada
Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Royal Regiment of Canada
Royal Regina Rifles
Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
Royal Montreal Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Rifles of Canada
Royal Scots of Canada
Royal Winnipeg Rifles
Saskatoon Light Infantry
Scots Fusiliers of Canada
S, D and G Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
South Alberta Regiment
South New Brunswick Regiment
South Saskatchewan Regiment
Toronto Regiment
Toronto Scottish Regiment
Vancouver Regiment
Victoria Rifles of Canada
Voltigeurs de Quebec
Waterloo Regiment
Westminster Regiment
West Nova Scotia Regiment
West Toronto Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers
Winnipeg Light Infantry
York Rangers
 Yukon Regiment

The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's)

The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army during the 20th Century that continued its service into the 21st.

Lineage

  • 91st "Highlanders" formed on 1 September 1903

  • Redesignated 91st Regiment Canadian Highlanders on 2 July 1904

  • Redesignated The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada on 1 May 1920

  • Redesignated Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) of Canada on 15 October 1920

  • Redesignated The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's) on 15 June 1927

  • Amalgamated with 3rd Machine Gun Battalion, Canadian Machine Gun Corps (less "C" Company) on 15 December 1936, to become The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's) (M.G.)

  • Redesignated The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's) 1 February 1941

The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's)

Headquarters: Hamilton, ON
Predecessors: 91st "Highlanders"
Perpetuates: 19th and 173rd Battalions, CEF, 3rd Machine Gun Battalion, CEF, 3rd MG Bn, CMGC
Raised: 1 September 1903
Status on 31 December 1999: Active Militia Regiment

First World War

The regiment contributed materially to the creation of the 16th Battalion, CEF on its formation in 1914, and one company of the new "Canadian Scottish" wore the Government tartan kilt of the 91st Highlanders until the adoption of their own tartan. The 91st also recruited for the 19th and 173rd Battalions, the former of which served in teh 2nd Canadian Division in France and Flanders from 15 September 1915 to the end of the war. The 173rd Battalion provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders adopted the traditions and history of the 3rd Battalion, Canadian Machine Gun Corps; their history included the award of the Victoria Cross to Lieutenant H. Mackenzie, DCM, of the 7th Machine Gun Company, which later became No. 1 Company, 3rd Machine Gun Battalion, CEF, and was perpetuated by the 3rd Battalion, CMGC after the war.

 

Second World War

The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders placed details on active service on 1 September 1939 for local protective duty, and the regiment as a whole mobilized on 15 August 1940. The unit served on garrison duty in Jamaica from September 1941 to May 1942, and embarked for the United Kingdom on 21 July 1943, where it trained with the 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 4th Canadian Armoured Division. The division went ashore in Normandy at the end of July, and saw action for the remainder of the North-West Europe campaign. The Argylls were one of three battalions represented in the Canadian Berlin Battalion at the end of the war, and the active battalion disbanded on 15 February 1946. A 2nd Battalion served in the Reserve Army.

 

Photo at right shows a soldier of the Canadian Berlin Battalion, which was composed of troops from The Loyal Edmonton Regiment (1st Canadian Division), Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal (2nd Canadian Division) and The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's) (4th Canadian Division). Soldier at far right is wearing the insignia of the Argylls. Photo is from Library and Archives Canada, via Ed Storey.

 

Battle Honours

 

The Regiment was awarded Battle Honours for both World Wars (bold type indicates honours selected for emblazonment):
 

Mount Sorrel
Flers-Courcelette
Ancre Heights
Vimy, 1917
Ypres, 1917
Amiens
Drocourt-Quéant
Canal du Nord
Pursuit to Mons
Falaise
St. Lambert-sur-Dives
Moerbrugge
Breskens Pocket
Kapelsche Veer
The Hochwald
Friesoythe
Bad Zwischenahn
Somme, 1916, '18
Thiepval
Arras, 1917, '18
Hill 70
Passchendaele
Scarpe, 1918
Hindenburg Line
Cambrai, 1918
France and Flanders, 1915-18
Falaise Road
The Seine, 1944
The Scheldt
The Lower Maas
The Rhineland
Veen
Küsten Canal
North-West Europe,1944-45
 

Traditions

Regimental Alliances
  • Formed a Regimental Alliance with the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's).

Regimental Motto
  • The Regimental motto is Albainn Gu-Brath (Gaelic: "Scotland Forever")

Official Marches
  • Quick Time: The Campbells are Coming

Uniforms

T
he regiment adopted Government (Black Watch) tartan upon creation.

The glengarry worn had red/white/red dicing, with a red toorie (except pipers, who wore plain black glengarries with red toories).

 

Insignia
 

Cap Badge

The cap badge is described in "Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army" as:

Within a wreath of thistles on an outline of a maple leaf a leopard's head full face, on the wreath an annulus inscribed "ARGYLL AND SUTHERLAND CANADA"; the crown is superimposed at the top of the annulus, and reflexed over and under the base of the annulus a scroll bearing the motto "ALBAINN GU-BRATH".1

 
   

 

 

After 1953 and the introduction of the St. Edward's Crown badges, a new badge was adopted with the new crown.

A cloth cap badge was also produced for the Combat Field Cap.

 

 

On Combat Dress, the unit wore the standard olive drab combat title, with the unit's short form name A&SH OF C embroidered upon it.

 

Notes

  1. The Regiments and Corps of the Canadian Army, Queen's Printer, Ottawa, 1964, p.204


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